An expert team of economists based at the University of Oxford, Earth Change Institute will provide analysis to the HLP.
Country Consultations are being undertaken to link with an expert Task Force of economists and also with a High Level Panel, enabling participants to engage in evidence-based discussions about the economic implications of alternative pathways toward water security.The Country ConsultationsTo investigate perceptions and priorities regarding water security, country consultations are taking place in more than 30 countries, facilitated by the Global Water Partnership. Most of the countries invited to be part of the consultation have a seat on the UN’s open working group on the Sustainable Development Goals.Country consultations are running from February 2014 to April 2014, and will feed guidance and information into the Task Force and High Level Panel. A preliminary summary of country consultations will become available in June 2014.The Expert Task ForceAn Expert Task Force on Water Security and Sustainable Growth has been established, comprising a multi-disciplinary team of leading economists, water managers and scientists.This task force will build the case for global action to address water-related risks by quantifying the impacts of water insecurity and documenting the benefits of risk reduction, and by demonstrating how alternative pathways to water security can be implemented. This new knowledge will enable countries to better understand and manage water risks, and ensure that efforts to promote economic growth and development are not jeopardized by these risks.The Expert Task Force is co-chaired by Dr. Claudia Sadoff and Professors David Grey and Jim Hall (Oxford University).The High Level Policy PanelA High Level Policy Panel is being convened to address the concerns and priorities of top-level policy makers with regards to water security and sustainable growth. Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia and UN Goodwill Ambassador for Water and Sanitation, and Mr Angel Gurría, OECD, will co-chair the High Level Panel.
The thematic consultation on waterThis consultation is a about everything that has to do with future water challenges – the BIG water - with the purpose to listen to peoples opinions on what we have learn on from the present MSGs and what is important in a new development agenda on water. The process for the water consultation is organically developing alongside with the other consultations and issues for discussion and partners are added. It is facilitated by UN-Water bringing in its members and partners but is open to anyone to engage at different level. The actual steering and management is co-led by UNICEF, DESA and UN-Water management team. The web-based consultation will consist of two broad parts; the first is the general global umbrella dialogue on water trying to reach out to a large number of stakeholders not focusing on a particular water issue. The other part is the so called sub-consultations which will focus on sub sets of water and possibly attract a broader range of water experts found in civil society, academia, private sector, governments and within the UN-System.The on-line water consultation will be divided into three phases: Phase I is the global water consultation which will remain online and active for the whole duration of the consultation while Phase II focusing the thematic sub-consultations will start from mid-January and run up to till March 3rd 2013. Phase III will start in March and focus on summarising the outcome from the different discussions and the formulation of policy recommendations to the final report.The conversation will culminate in a high level face to face meeting in the Hague on the global World Water Day where the outcomes and policy recommendations will be discussed. The final report containing experiences and proposed policy recommendations will be finalized by the end of March to be delivered to the HLP but will also inform the GA and can be used by individual countries for negotiations in the during the MDG summit.WASH, securing water for productive uses, reducing risks from extreme weather events and CC, capacity building: sharing experience, institutional strengthening, appropriate monitoring programmes of water resources quantity and quality.
This follows up the 22 consultations carried out in Feb-May 2013 and reported to the OWG at their 24 May meeting. The focus chnaged from consulting on priorities to that of water goal and targets.
GWP has been making significant contributions to the post-2015 development framework and support for a dedicated water goal.In 2013 UN-Water initiated an expert consultation process where UN-Water’s 31 UN-members and 36 international Partners, including GWP, came together to analyze what role water could have in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The result is a joint paper with technical advice.The consultation process was based on the common vision that a broad water goal would capture the fundamental importance of water for both humans and the environment.The proposed goal builds on existing commitments such as the Millennium Development Goals and the priorities agreed at Rio+20. The goal sets up a framework that is universally applicable, but that also responds to national circumstances.GWP’s input into the paper was based on a series of 22 country consultations that GWP facilitated in 2013. Starting 18 February 2014, a second series of consultations will be conducted by GWP and can inform the Open Working Group (OWG) process in 2014. A report from the OWG is due in September 2014.In February, GWP Executive Secretary Ania Grobicki moderated a workshop on Water and Sanitation as part of the UN General Assembly’s Thematic Debate on Water and Energy. We have also been invited to participate in the UNGA Workshop on Partnerships in the post-2015 framework, taking place in April of this year.
Most consultations have concluded that a dedicated water goal is necessary. For example the Future We Want (an online web based consultation) put water at the heart of sustainable development.Similarly the High Level Panel, chaired by the Presidents of Indonesia and Liberia and Prime Minister of UK. Reported in July 2013 and concluded that a water goal is needed with targets covering drinking water, sanitation, water resources management and managing wastewater.
It is crucial that the new development agenda and SDGs build on past experience and complete unfinished business. The MDG targets on WASH remain a priority and the aim should be for universal access.
At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002 a target was set to prepare integrated water resources management plans. Many countries have adopted an integrated approach but this is a work in progress. The future development agenda must take this forward to address key WRM challenges.
Good governance underpins all other aspects of water. Without a sound basis of equitable, participatory and accountable water governance and strong effective institutions there is a high risk that investments will fall well short of their aims.
Water quality and wastewater management have been neglected in earlier global statements but were highlighted as of increasingly important at the Rio+20 conference in 2012.
Water related disasters have not hitherto been mainstreamed into water agenda. They affect more and more people and national economies and need to form part of the future development agenda.
The proposed Goal for Water is : Securing Sustainable Water for All. The aim is to set a 15 year period for the new development agenda from 2015 to 2030. This comprehensive goal sets out the broad purpose of the water goal in simple language that can be readily understood and communicated. It is coupled with five targets that are inter-related, all of which are needed to meet the goal. They cover (i) drinking water supply and sanitation, (ii) water resources management, (iii) water governance, (iv) wastewater pollution and water quality and finally (v) water-related disasters. The goal and targets are all inter-linked and require an integrated approach so that there is synergy across the range of interventions needed to meet the targets.
These five targets have been formulated after an extensive consultation among over 25 UN agencies plus partners including GWP. The aim is to have clear target that set out objectives that are measurable and realistic. The aim is for countries to set values for the various numbers (x, y z) etc. which would then be compounded to give overall global values. The final wording of the targets is the responsibility of the OWG and the aim of the meeting is not to discuss the wording but to consider if they cover the key issues important to the country, if any key priority is not covered and if they set a suitable framework for the future development agenda.
Growing body of evidence on the cost-benefits of investing in water.
In the second part of the meeting it is important to consider what are the implications for the country should the General Assembly decide on the water goal and targets. For example in terms of the means of implementation related to infrastructure, capacity, finance, science, monitoring and reporting. Other issues can also be discussed related to implementing and meeting the goal by 2030.
There are other parallel processes that will feed into the SDGs and post-2015 Development Agenda.The development agenda will include many other themes with water just one of 11 possible themes.The country consultations will provide a country report and the GWP will prepare a synthesis report that takes the key points from the 30 consultations and feed this into the OWG.
The Global Water Partnership (GWP) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have launched a Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth to highlight the evidence of the different development paths that countries can follow, based upon their water resources endowment.The project coincides with the work of the UN in developing the Post-2015 Development Agenda. It builds on GWP’s recent water thematic consultation and its contribution to the preparation of a UN-Water paper on recommendations for a global water goal. It also builds on OECD’s recent work on Water Security for Better Lives.Goal and Objectives The goal of The Global Dialogue is to promote and accelerate a transition to water security, connecting policy makers and practitioners through evidence-based global and country-level consultations on water security and sustainable growth.The project will draw attention to the relevance of water security to economic development within the post-2015 development framework and coincides with the process of United Nation’s Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals.
Presentation March 2014 - Ania Grobicki
Global Dialogue and Country Consultations
on Water Security and Sustainable Growth
DR ANI A GROBICKI
GWP EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
M ARCH 2014
Global Dialogue on Water Security and
• To generate new knowledge on the
economics of water security and
• To generate high level and broad based
support for a dedicated Global Water
The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue
Launched at Stockholm World Water Week on
2 September 2013
High Level Panel Co-Chairs :
H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia,
who is also AMCOW Goodwill Ambassador for
Water and Sanitation
Mr. Angel Gurria, Secretary General of
OECD, formerly Mexico’s Minister of Foreign
Affairs and Minister of Finance
National Stakeholder Consultations on
Water – Phase I: Jan to April 2013
Facilitated by GWP in 22 countries:
•Discussed challenges and priorities post-2015
•Countries want goals specific to their own situation -
a common thread was about implementing water
resources management following an integrated
•Issues raised have informed the development of the
•Stakeholder report was presented to the OWG for
their meeting of 24 May 2013
•Brought the voice of the stakeholders into the UN
•Supported by UNDP, UN ECE, SDC and EUWI-
The Country Consultations present the UN-Water recommendations
to key stakeholders at country level.
They cover 26 countries, some the same as phase I to get follow up
and some new countries to extend the outreach.
The consultations promote and provide feedback on the proposed
Water Goal and targets including informing senior officials in New
York involved in the SDG negotiations.
The Consultations generate country level perspectives on the
implications of these recommendations for the countries.
The country consultations will also inform a joint GWP and OECD
project: “Global Dialogue on water security and sustainable growth”.
Country Consultations on Water –
Phase II: Jan to April 2014
30 Countries involved in the Consultation
Trinidad and Tobago
Each of these countries has a seat on the
Open Working Group on the SDGs
The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue
Proposed dates :
23 May 2014 : Africa Water Week, Dakar (speech by HE
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, GWP Patron)
1/3 June 2014 : Singapore International Water Week
(Half day meeting of the High-Level Panel in camera, followed
by a plenary discussion)
September 2014 : side event at the UN General Assembly in
April 2015 : World Water Forum, Daegu, South Korea (launch
of the final report). Outcomes feed into discussions on SDGs
prior to the UNGA in September 2015.
Post-2015 Development Agenda
• National stakeholder consultations
feed into the work of the OWG
• Direct GWP input into thematic
debates in New York
• High Level Panel and influential
Report to raise level of discussion
The Future We Want: “water is at the core
of sustainable development”
Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate
Billions lack access to the most basic water
supply and sanitation services
Increasing demand, pollution, risks,
competition for water resources
Current situation presents a global threat to
human health and wellbeing as well as to
the integrity of ecosystems
Why a dedicated water goal?
Building on the MDG
Target on water supply and
The human right to safe
drinking water and sanitation
– Obligations on all Member
States for progressive
realization of the right
Finishing the “unfinished
business” in WASH to
provide access for all must
remain a top priority
Building on existing commitments
and experience: Water, Sanitation, Hygeine
Finishing the “unfinished business” in
water resources management is also a
– Agenda 21 (1992), subsequent CSD
meetings (2005, 2008) and Rio+20
UN-Water WRM survey of more than 130
countries presented to Rio+20 conference
– widespread adoption of integrated
approaches to water management,
Need to implement IWRM plans
prepared after the Johannesburg World
Summit on Sustainable Development
Significant challenges remain!
Building on existing commitments
and experience: Water Resources Management
Building on existing commitments
and experience: Governance
Strengthening water governance
highlighted in many international
Underpins all other water targets
and also links to related goals
such as food, energy & health.
- Ensure access to and make good use of finance.
- Build stronger institutions and regulation.
- Establish accountable, participatory and transparent
Improving water quality and
wastewater management needs to
be a priority too
– Water quality has to date been very
– 80% of wastewater is discharged
– Impact on the water resource and
therefore on drinking-water supply
– Impact on ecosystems
These concerns were clearly
expressed at Rio+20
Building on existing commitments and experience:
Wastewater and water quality
Increased resilience to
– Floods and droughts (Climate
– Human-influenced disasters such as
Rio+20 called for stronger
disaster risk reduction and
Building on existing commitments
and experience: water related disasters
.. which cover the dimensions of sustainable
development and contribute towards poverty reduction
Post-2015 development goals need to address five priority areas…
Universal access to safe drinking water,
sanitation and hygiene, improving water
quality and raising service standards
The sustainable use and development of
water resources, increasing and sharing
the available benefits
Robust and effective water governance
with more effective institutions and
Improved water quality and wastewater
management taking account of
Reduced risk of water-related disasters
to protect vulnerable groups and
minimize economic losses
A. Achieve universal access to safe drinking water,
sanitation and hygiene
B. Improve by (x%) the sustainable use and development
of water resources in all countries
C. All countries strengthen equitable, participatory and
accountable water governance
D. Reduce untreated wastewater by (x%), nutrient pollution
by (y%) and increase wastewater reuse by (z%)
E. Reduce mortality by (x%) and economic loss by (y%)
from natural and human-induced water-related disasters
Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1
Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to 1
Irrigation infrastructure in Africa, rates of return are up to 26%
Overexploitation of groundwater Middle East and Northern Africa 2% of GDP
Watershed protection initiatives in the US yield up to USD 200 for every
dollar invested, compared to conventional water treatment costs
One dollar invested in public water and sewer infrastructure adds USD
9 to the national economy
Early warning systems for storms, floods, and droughts throughout Asia indicate
potential returns of up to USD 559 for each USD 1 invested
A water goal makes economic sense
Water supply, sanitation, irrigation, hydro, water
treatment, flood control - operation and maintenance
and the sustainability of services, including governance
Policy, laws, plans & coordination
Enhanced human capacities
Remove barriers to attract finance
New science and technology
Monitoring, data and reporting
Implications: implementing the targets
1. 30 National consultations Feb-
May 2014 (GWP) - feed into Open
Working Group: May 2014
2. Interaction with OWG/Member
States/Other emerging SDG
topics: during 2014
3. OWG report to General Assembly:
4. Intergovernmental negotiations in
2015 with General Assembly
decision on post-2015
Development Agenda: Sept 2015
Global Dialogue on Water Security and
• Partnership between GWP
and the OECD
• Report to be launched at
WWF7 on the Economics of
Water Security and
• Work feeds into the UN
negotiations on the Post-
2015 Development Agenda
Thank you !
A growing international
network since 1996
Over 3000 Partner organizations worldwide
85 Country Water Partnerships
13 Regional Water Partnerships