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Presentation March 2014 - Ania Grobicki

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Presentation March 2014 - Ania Grobicki

  1. 1. Global Dialogue and Country Consultations on Water Security and Sustainable Growth DR ANI A GROBICKI GWP EXECUTIVE SECRETARY M ARCH 2014
  2. 2. www.unwater.org Slide 2 Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth OBJECTIVES: • To generate new knowledge on the economics of water security and sustainable growth • To generate high level and broad based support for a dedicated Global Water Goal
  3. 3. www.unwater.org Slide 3 The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue Launched at Stockholm World Water Week on 2 September 2013 High Level Panel Co-Chairs : H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, who is also AMCOW Goodwill Ambassador for Water and Sanitation Mr. Angel Gurria, Secretary General of OECD, formerly Mexico’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance
  4. 4. Global Dialogue Process 4
  5. 5. www.unwater.org Slide 5 National Stakeholder Consultations on Water – Phase I: Jan to April 2013 5 Facilitated by GWP in 22 countries: •Discussed challenges and priorities post-2015 •Countries want goals specific to their own situation - a common thread was about implementing water resources management following an integrated approach. •Issues raised have informed the development of the UN-Water Recommendations •Stakeholder report was presented to the OWG for their meeting of 24 May 2013 •Brought the voice of the stakeholders into the UN process. •Supported by UNDP, UN ECE, SDC and EUWI- AWG
  6. 6. www.unwater.org Slide 6 The Country Consultations present the UN-Water recommendations to key stakeholders at country level. They cover 26 countries, some the same as phase I to get follow up and some new countries to extend the outreach. The consultations promote and provide feedback on the proposed Water Goal and targets including informing senior officials in New York involved in the SDG negotiations. The Consultations generate country level perspectives on the implications of these recommendations for the countries. The country consultations will also inform a joint GWP and OECD project: “Global Dialogue on water security and sustainable growth”. Country Consultations on Water – Phase II: Jan to April 2014
  7. 7. www.unwater.org Slide 7 GWP MED: Tunisia GWP WAF+CAF: Ghana Benin Cameroon GWP EAF: Kenya GWP SAF: Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe 30 Countries involved in the Consultation GWP SEA: Indonesia Viet Nam GWP SAS: Pakistan Sri Lanka Bangladesh Nepal GWP CACENA: Kazakhstan Tajikistan GWP SAM: Peru Brazil Argentina Colombia GWP CAM: Guatemala Nicaragua GWP CAR: Trinidad and Tobago GWP CEE: Bulgaria Slovenia Poland Romania GWPO: United Arab Emirates Each of these countries has a seat on the Open Working Group on the SDGs
  8. 8. www.unwater.org Slide 8 The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue Proposed dates : 23 May 2014 : Africa Water Week, Dakar (speech by HE President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, GWP Patron) 1/3 June 2014 : Singapore International Water Week (Half day meeting of the High-Level Panel in camera, followed by a plenary discussion) September 2014 : side event at the UN General Assembly in New York April 2015 : World Water Forum, Daegu, South Korea (launch of the final report). Outcomes feed into discussions on SDGs prior to the UNGA in September 2015.
  9. 9. Post-2015 Development Agenda 9 • National stakeholder consultations feed into the work of the OWG • Direct GWP input into thematic debates in New York • High Level Panel and influential Report to raise level of discussion
  10. 10.  The Future We Want: “water is at the core of sustainable development”  Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate change  Billions lack access to the most basic water supply and sanitation services  Increasing demand, pollution, risks, competition for water resources  Current situation presents a global threat to human health and wellbeing as well as to the integrity of ecosystems Why a dedicated water goal?
  11. 11.  Building on the MDG Target on water supply and basic sanitation  The human right to safe drinking water and sanitation – Obligations on all Member States for progressive realization of the right  Finishing the “unfinished business” in WASH to provide access for all must remain a top priority Building on existing commitments and experience: Water, Sanitation, Hygeine
  12. 12.  Finishing the “unfinished business” in water resources management is also a priority – Agenda 21 (1992), subsequent CSD meetings (2005, 2008) and Rio+20 (2012)  UN-Water WRM survey of more than 130 countries presented to Rio+20 conference in 2012. – widespread adoption of integrated approaches to water management, – But…  Need to implement IWRM plans prepared after the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002  Significant challenges remain! Building on existing commitments and experience: Water Resources Management
  13. 13. Building on existing commitments and experience: Governance Strengthening water governance highlighted in many international agreements. Underpins all other water targets and also links to related goals such as food, energy & health. - Ensure access to and make good use of finance. - Build stronger institutions and regulation. - Establish accountable, participatory and transparent processes.
  14. 14.  Improving water quality and wastewater management needs to be a priority too – Water quality has to date been very much neglected – 80% of wastewater is discharged without treatment – Impact on the water resource and therefore on drinking-water supply – Impact on ecosystems  These concerns were clearly expressed at Rio+20 Building on existing commitments and experience: Wastewater and water quality
  15. 15.  Increased resilience to water-related disasters – Floods and droughts (Climate Change/adaptation) – Human-influenced disasters such as chemical spills  Rio+20 called for stronger coordination between disaster risk reduction and development planning Building on existing commitments and experience: water related disasters
  16. 16. .. which cover the dimensions of sustainable development and contribute towards poverty reduction Post-2015 development goals need to address five priority areas… Healthy people Universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, improving water quality and raising service standards Increased prosperity The sustainable use and development of water resources, increasing and sharing the available benefits Equitable societies through Robust and effective water governance with more effective institutions and administrative systems Protected ecosystems Improved water quality and wastewater management taking account of environmental limits Resilient communities Reduced risk of water-related disasters to protect vulnerable groups and minimize economic losses
  17. 17. Proposed Targets A. Achieve universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene B. Improve by (x%) the sustainable use and development of water resources in all countries C. All countries strengthen equitable, participatory and accountable water governance D. Reduce untreated wastewater by (x%), nutrient pollution by (y%) and increase wastewater reuse by (z%) E. Reduce mortality by (x%) and economic loss by (y%) from natural and human-induced water-related disasters
  18. 18.  Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1  Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to 1  Irrigation infrastructure in Africa, rates of return are up to 26%  Overexploitation of groundwater Middle East and Northern Africa 2% of GDP  Watershed protection initiatives in the US yield up to USD 200 for every dollar invested, compared to conventional water treatment costs  One dollar invested in public water and sewer infrastructure adds USD 9 to the national economy  Early warning systems for storms, floods, and droughts throughout Asia indicate potential returns of up to USD 559 for each USD 1 invested A water goal makes economic sense
  19. 19.  Infrastructure Water supply, sanitation, irrigation, hydro, water treatment, flood control - operation and maintenance and the sustainability of services, including governance issues  Policy, laws, plans & coordination  Institutions  Enhanced human capacities  Remove barriers to attract finance  New science and technology solutions  Monitoring, data and reporting Implications: implementing the targets
  20. 20. Next steps 1. 30 National consultations Feb- May 2014 (GWP) - feed into Open Working Group: May 2014 2. Interaction with OWG/Member States/Other emerging SDG topics: during 2014 3. OWG report to General Assembly: September 2014 4. Intergovernmental negotiations in 2015 with General Assembly decision on post-2015 Development Agenda: Sept 2015
  21. 21. Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth 22 • Partnership between GWP and the OECD • Report to be launched at WWF7 on the Economics of Water Security and Sustainable Growth • Work feeds into the UN negotiations on the Post- 2015 Development Agenda
  22. 22. Thank you ! A growing international network since 1996 Over 3000 Partner organizations worldwide 85 Country Water Partnerships 13 Regional Water Partnerships

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