Nile Basin Development Challenge: Rainwater management systems


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Presented by Tilahun Amede — Nile BDC 'Platforms' Workshop, Addis Ababa, April 8, 2011.

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Nile Basin Development Challenge: Rainwater management systems

  1. 1. Nile Basin Development Challenge: Rainwater Management Systems Nile BDC Workshop, Addis Ababa April 8, 2011 Tilahun Amede and Team Nile Basin Leader
  2. 2. CPWF Consortium Members AREO
  3. 3. Phase 2
  4. 4. Basin Development Challenges (BDCs) <ul><li>Andes – Benefit sharing mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges – intensification in coastal areas </li></ul><ul><li>Limpopo – rainwater management and water access </li></ul><ul><li>Mekong – dams, reservoirs and livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Nile – rainwater management in landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Volta – rainwater management and small reservoirs To improve rural livelihoods and their resilience through a landscape approach to rainwater management </li></ul>
  5. 5. SSA’s dependence on rainwater agriculture
  6. 6. Nile Basin Development Challenge (NBDC) <ul><li>NBDC research will focus on the Ethiopian highlands and will examine the interrelated issues of rainwater management at Landscape and Sub-basin scales; </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding causes and its consequences of low rainwater productivity; </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations for improving rainwater management systems; addressing poverty, vulnerability and resources degradation in the basin. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing rainfall variability; increased water storage; </li></ul><ul><li>Crop and livestock water productivity; </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizing land degradation and downstream siltation of water storage infrastructure, increased biomass; </li></ul><ul><li>Resilient communities and systems that will manage climatic and market shocks </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nile BDC Rainwater Management Systems
  8. 8. Landscape from NBDC perspective?
  9. 9. What is ‘RWMs at Landscape’? <ul><li>Capturing, storing and efficient utilization of water </li></ul><ul><li>Protect irrigation schemes; water quality and quantity; </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate cross-Community cooperation of diverse water user groups; </li></ul><ul><li>Address NRM issues that cannot be addressed by single farmers; </li></ul><ul><li>Co-management of common NRM resources (e.g. conflict management); </li></ul><ul><li>Exploiting interface between diverse social and biophysical processes (i.e. water, soil, livestock, crops, pests, sedimentation) at landscape / basin. </li></ul>
  10. 10. R&D actors, communities, policy makers and others jointly achieve a sustainable and economically viable watershed with improved resource quality, minimized resource loss and improved economic benefits & livelihoods
  11. 11. Improvement through well-targeted combinations of technologies, up-scaling ‘best bets’, policies and institutions, understanding of downstream & cross-scale consequences, facilitating learning, collective action, commitment to change <ul><li>Nile 1: On learning from the past; </li></ul><ul><li>Nile 2: On integrated rainwater management strategies – technologies, institutions and policies; </li></ul><ul><li>Nile 3: On targeting and scaling out </li></ul><ul><li>Nile 4: On assessing and anticipating consequences of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Nile 5: Nile Coordination and Change </li></ul>
  12. 12. Linkages Sub-regional Landscape Farm level Impact Learning Communication Nile 5. Coordination / change Nile 4. Consequences, impact, tradeoffs Nile 2. Innovations, technologies , practices Nile 3. Mapping, targeting. Up-scaling Nile 1. Inventory and synthesis Linkages Linkages
  13. 13. <ul><li>Participatory M&E framework will be used to monitor and evaluate progress and make adjustments; </li></ul><ul><li>Generic indicators against which the activities and expected results will be measured; </li></ul><ul><li>Development of common reporting formats allowing teams to better share lessons; </li></ul><ul><li>Schedules for project specific evaluations will be agreed and evaluation studies on cross cutting issues including gender, social preferences will be jointly carried out; </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building (inc gender, M&E) will be built both into the whole co-ordination and project implementation, individual activities based on a needs assessment. </li></ul>Strongly interlinked NBDC projects
  14. 14. NBDC working principles <ul><li>Strong partnership; range of partners, larger network and linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary research; disciplines and institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building; mentoring, facilitating </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and diversity; ability to participate in and derive benefit from water </li></ul><ul><li>Learning, documentation and communication </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation for action </li></ul>
  15. 15. Market incentives for Landscape Management
  16. 16. Value-Addition by NBDC <ul><li>Farm level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory, integrated research approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic entry points (‘turn keys’) on farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linkages among system components </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Landscape level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated research approaches (including water, land, vegetation, crop, livestock and other common property resources as components) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic entry points (‘turn keys’) in landscapes, communities (increasing water storage for fruit production creates community enthusiasm and investments in landscapes around springs, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective action & negotiated land and water use practices ( drainage, niche compatibility in agroforestry, spring management, livestock grazing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By-laws and institutional change in support of local resolutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National / basin Scales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing and synthesizing scenarios & methods for out-scaling; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating knowledge sharing across basins and within basins; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing insights into basin level concerns e.g., Climate change food security, poverty alleviation & biodiversity conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RWMS and their widespread dissemination through publications and guides to decision-makers, implementers and the scientific community at large </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Why Platforms? Community participation & commitment Learning through process monitoring & documentation Supportive policies Market orientation Scaling up strategy Community facilitation of R&D process Institutional learning & capacity building Farmer experimention Local organizational capacity Basket of technology options Linkages and partnerships among stakeholders Multi-interdisciplinary & systems approach Managing an Effective RWMS Supportive infrastrcture Commitment & capacity of research teams Supportive research management & organization
  18. 18. <ul><li>Peers and organization take more traditional view of Land and water management – the way of doing it, and research topics. This is related to institutional agenda, donor influence etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Incompatible visions of partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Those perceiving need for partnerships are not empowered to make them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Limited experience in managing and sustaining partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><li> - Teamwork not rewarded or supported </li></ul><ul><li>Need a few champions with attitude and new mind set </li></ul><ul><li>Change often driven from the outside and by outsiders – rather than by self-felt need to do things differently </li></ul><ul><li>Limited use of feedback culture and learning from the past; </li></ul><ul><li>M&E systems not designed to foster learning and change </li></ul>Platforms Break Institutional Barriers
  19. 19. Well come to NBDC!