File Sharing

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In class presentation on social implication of file sharing...

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File Sharing

  1. 1. FILE SHARING: DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lost sales </li></ul><ul><li>Hurts 'the little guy‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalent to shoplifting </li></ul>WHY DO THEY SAY IT'S UNETHICAL?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Does not hurt sales </li></ul><ul><li>Does not hurt 'the little guy‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Not quite the same as shoplifting </li></ul>WHY IT'S NOT UNETHICAL
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mix tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Time shifting </li></ul><ul><li>Lending </li></ul>SIMILARITIES TO EXISTING MODELS
  5. 5. <ul><li>Nine Inch Nails </li></ul><ul><li>Radiohead </li></ul>SUCCESS STORIES
  6. 6. <ul><li>Difficult to find particular bands in many locations </li></ul><ul><li>Not willing to pay $15 on a guess </li></ul>DISCOVERING NEW BANDS
  7. 8. BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE
  8. 9. ???QUESTION???
  9. 10. NAPSTER
  10. 11. ITUNES
  11. 12. KAZAA
  12. 13. <ul><li>Allows users to become familiar with potential music. </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Network Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Appropriability </li></ul>FILE SHARING: OTHER CLAIMS
  13. 14. <ul><li>A study by Stan J. Leibowitz </li></ul><ul><li>A sudden decline observed starting 1999, the year Napster was born. </li></ul>ECONOMISTS EXAMINE FILE-SHARING AND MUSIC SALES
  14. 15. SURVEY BY UNIVERSITY OF RICHMOND SCHOOL OF LAW
  15. 16. IPOQUE STUDY
  16. 17. <ul><li>Economic theory suggests that P2P file sharing will decrease album sales. </li></ul><ul><li>File sharing threatens artists' ability to sell their music through digital downloading </li></ul><ul><li>Digital downloading will suffer if file sharing is not controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>Making copyrighted material instantly available to the world without the owner's permission is stealing. </li></ul>- Norbert J. Michel CONCLUSION
  17. 18. ARE FILE SHARING ACTIVITIES LEGAL OR NOT? <ul><li>File-sharing programs (Limewire, KaZaa) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal file-sharing activities (Less common) </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal file-sharing activities (Most common) </li></ul>
  18. 19. COPYRIGHT LAW <ul><li>Copyright law covers the creative or artistic expression of an idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Infringement </li></ul>
  19. 20. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY <ul><li>Intellectual property is a bundle of exclusive rights over creations of the mind such as musical, literacy, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights </li></ul>
  20. 21. COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT <ul><li>Copyright infringement (or copyright violation) is the unauthorized use of material that is covered by copyright law, in a manner that violates one of the copyright owner's exclusive rights, such as the right to reproduce or perform the copyrighted work, or to make derivative work. </li></ul>
  21. 22. EXAMPLE OF TRIAL INVOLVING FILE-SHARING ACTIVITIES <ul><li>Mostly going after the people who make the files available rather than the people who download the files </li></ul><ul><li>Jammie Thomas(October 3 rd ,2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Fined $222,000 for making 24 songs available on KaZaa </li></ul>
  22. 23. WORTH A WATCH… <ul><li>http://youtube.com/watch?v=1SI8lcGiubQ </li></ul>

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