CLASSIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF
• Hotels can be categorized by ownership. There are six
different ways hotels can be owned and operated
• Independently owned and operated
• Independently owned but leased to an operator
• Owned by a single entity or group that has hired a hotel
management company to operate the property
• Owned and operated by a chain
• Owned by an independent investor or group and
operated by a chain
• Owned by an individual group and operated as a
franchise of a chain
An independent hotel is not connected with any established
hotel company and is owned by individual or group investors.
A management company contracts with hotel owners to operate
their hotels. The management company may or may not have
any of its own funds invested. It is usually paid by a
combination of fees plus a share of revenues and profits. A hotel
chain is a group of affiliated hotels.
Example: The Capitol, Bangalore, The Imperial, New Delhi
A franchise is the authorization granted by a hotel chain to an
individual hotel to use the chain’s trade mark, operating systems, and
reservation system in return for a percentage of hotel revenues plus
certain other fees, such as advertising fees. A franchiser is the party
granting the franchise: holiday inn worldwide is an example of
Example: Le Meridien, Holiday inn
Hotel chains account for a large percentage of the world’s
hotel room inventory. Some of the world’s best hotel rooms
are managed by chains.
Example: Taj Group of Hotels, ITC Chain of Hotels.
At the top of the price category are the luxury hotels. They
feature upscale décor and furnishings that may be unique to
the particular hotel. These hotels offer a full range of amenities
and services. Such hotels would typically have a concierge
service and several food and beverage operations, including
fine dining facilities, banquet area and full room service.
Different types of recreational facilities are also available.
Example: Taj Westend, Bangalore, The Leela Palace,
HOTELS CLASSIFIED BASED ON SIZE
Size or the number of guest rooms in a property gives us one
common way to categorize hotels. Hotels may be broadly
grouped as under:
Under 150 rooms
150 to 299 rooms
300 to 600 rooms
More than 600 room
BASED ON LOCATION & CLIENTELE
These hotels are located in downtown or business district–
areas that are convenient and of interest to their target markets.
And cater primarily to the business traveler. These are also
referred to as transient hotels because of the relatively short
length of guest stays compared with other hotels. Such of these
hotels have full service facilities with coffee shop as well as
other restaurants, bar or cocktail lounge, room
service, laundry, valet service, business center, gift shop and
health club facilities.
Example: Taj Residency & The Oberoi Bangalore
Many airport hotels enjoy a very high occupancy because of
the large number or travelers arriving and departing from
major airports. The guest mix in airport hotels consists of
business, group, and leisure travelers. Passengers of late flights
may stay over at the airport hotel while others wait while
waiting for the flights. Airport hotels are generally full service.
To care for the needs of guests who may still feel as if they are
different time zones, room service and restaurant timing may
be extended, even offered twenty four hours.
Example: The Trident, Chennai: The Centaur, New Delhi
Freeway hotels and motels came into prominence in the 1950s and
1960s.the travelers needed a convenient place to stay that was
reasonably priced with few frills. Guest could simply drive up, park
outside the office, register, and rent a room .over the years more
facilities were added: lounges, restaurants, pools, game rooms etc.
Example: The Guest line, Bangalore, Suman Motels
A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting
visitors for vacations and /or tourism. Resorts are places,
towns or sometimes commercial establishment operated by a
Floating Accommodation & other allied hospitality
services situated on water bodies.
Example: Cruise liners, shikaras (house boats)
Hotel facilities available on wheels such as a train, caravan.
Example: Palace on wheels
Typically smaller hotels managed by the proprietor. The hotel is often has a more
personal atmosphere. It is usually located near affordable attractions, major
intersections and convenient to public transportation. Furnishings and facilities are
clean but basic. Most will not a restaurant on site but are usually within walking
distance to some good low priced dining.
The hotel should have at least 10 lettable bed rooms of which at least 25%
should have attached bathrooms with a bathroom for every four of the
At least 25% of the bathrooms should have the western style WCs.
Receptions counter with a telephone and a telephone for the use of guests.
Example: Hotel Ajanta, Bangalore
Usually denotes independent and name brand hotel chains with a reputation for offering
consistent quality amenities. The hotel is usually small to medium sized and
conveniently located to moderately priced attractions. The facilities typically include
telephones and TVs in the bed room some hotels offer limited restaurant service.
Somehow room service and bell service are not usually provided.
The hotel should have at least 10 lettable bed rooms of which at least 75% should have
attached bathrooms and showers with a bathroom for every four of the remaining rooms.
25% of the rooms should have AC.
• Receptions counter with a telephone
• Telephone on each floor if the rooms do not have a telephone each.
• Supervisory staff must understand English.
• Laundry and dry cleaning services.
Example: woodlands Hotel, Bangalore, Kamath Yatrinivas, Bangalore
Typically these hotels offer spacious accommodations that include well appointed
rooms, decorated lobbies. Bell desk services are generally not available. They are
often located near major express ways or business areas, convenient to shopping
and moderate to high priced attractions. The hotels usually feature medium sized
restaurants they typically offer breakfast through dinner. Room service availability
may vary. Valet parking, fitness centers, pools are often provided.
The hotel should have at least 20 lettable bed rooms of which all should have
attached bathrooms and tubs/showers.
At least 50% of the rooms should be AC.
Reception and information counter, book stall, travel agency, safe deposit
Telephone in each room and one for the use of visitors.
Good quality Indian and continental food
Senior staff must possess a good knowledge of English.
Example: Museum Inn, Bangalore, Angsana Oasis Spa & Resort, Bangalore
Mostly large formal hotels with reception areas, front desk
service, and bell desk service. The hotels are usually located near
shopping, dining, and other major attractions. The level of service is
well above average. And the rooms are well lit and well furnished.
Restaurant dining is usually available and is having more than one
choice. Some properties will offer continental breakfast and /or
happy hour delicacies. Room service is usually available during
most hours. Valet parking, concierge service, fitness centers, pools
are often provided.
• Hotel must have 25 lettable rooms and all with attach bathrooms
with shower cubicle/bath tub.
• Should have a recognized travel agency, book stall, safe deposit
facilities, left luggage etc.
Example: Taj Gateway, Bangalore, Hotel Janpath, New Delhi, St.
Marks Hotel, Bangalore.
These are hotels that offer only the highest level of accommodations and
services. The properties offer a high degree of personal service. The hotel
locations can vary from the exclusive location of suburban area to heart of the
city. The hotel lobbies are sumptuous, the rooms complete with stylish
furnishings, and high quality linen.The hotels feature up to three restaurants with
exquisite menus. Room service is also available 24 hours a day. Fitness
centers, valet parking are typically available. A concierge is also available to
• Architectural features and general construction of the hotel building should be
• Adequate parking space for cars.
• Hotel must have at least 25 lettable; rooms with modern shower chambers.
• All guest areas should be air-conditioned
• Adequate number of efficient lifts.
• 24 hours reception, cash and information counter
Example: The Oberoi, Bangalore, The Grand Maratha Sheraton, Mumbai,Taj
Bengal and The Park, Kolkota,
OTHER HOTEL CATEGORIES
Casino hotels and resorts differ significantly in their operation
compared to most hotels. In casino hotels and resorts, gaming
operations are the major revenue centers. Most of these are in Las
Vegas. The casino industry is now coming into the financial main
stream to the point that as a significant segment of the
entertainment industry especially in the US. Casino hotels are
leaning towards making their hotels into “family friendly”
Example: Las Vegas Hilton Hotel & Casino, MGM Grand,
Flaming Hilton in Las Vegas.
The concept of Heritage Hotels was introduced with a view to convert the
old palaces, havelies, castles, forts and residences built prior to 1950 into
accommodation units as these traditional structures reflect the ambience
and lifestyle of the bygone era and are immensely popular with the
The Heritage Hotels have also been sub-classified in the following
Heritage:This category covers hotels in residences / havelies / hunting
lodges / castles / forts / palaces built prior to 1950 but after 1935.
Heritage Classic:This category covers hotels in residences / havelies /
Hunting lodges / castles / forts / places built prior to 1935 but after 1920.
Heritage Grand:This category covers hotels in residences / havelies /
hunting lodges / castles / forts / palaces built prior to 1920.
Example: Usha Kiran Palace, Gwalior, Lalitha Mahal Palace, Mysore.
Rambagh Palace, Jaipur, Lake Pichola hotel, Udaipur
Time-sharing, more recently known as vacation ownership, involves a
“type of shared ownership in which the buyer purchases the right to uses
a residential dwelling unit for a portion of the year or more
periods.”Each Condominium or unit of a vacation ownership resort is
divided into intervals, typically by the week and sold separately. The
condominiums are priced according to a variety of factors including unit
size, resort amenities, location and season. Purchasers of vacation
ownership properties can typically travel to other destinations through
exchange programs provided through the timeshare resort developers.
Condominium hotels are also called condo hotels or even condotels.
Vacation ownership offers consumers the opportunity to purchase fully
furnished vacation accommodations in a variety of forms, such as
weekly intervals or points in points based systems, for a percentage of
the cost of the full ownership.
Example: RCI, Club Mahindra, Country Club Group
Boutique hotels span all price
segments and are noticeably
different in look and feel from
traditional lodging properties
interior design styles in
boutique hotels range from
postmodern to homey. Soft
attributes, such and image and
distinguish these properties.
Traveler’s desires to be
trendy, affluent and artistic tie
into boutique themes.
Example: The Park
Bangalore, The Park Kolkata.