Teens’ Digital LifeStephen Abram, MLSDysart & JonesTeton County Schools and Libraries,March 5, 2013
CHANGEIt’s 2013 (duh)Think back 30+ years to 1982 (the arc of your life)Now think forward 30 to 2043 (the arc of their life)Were you prepared? Are we preparing them?
My son: Zachary
Knowledge EconomyThe world our kids will encounter…
13What About Google?• It’s free and complete – dealing with naiveté• Building credulity and critical thinking• Understanding Google’s business model• $50,000,000,000+ clear profit last year• Content Spam, Contracted Content• SEO: Search Engine Optimization• White Hat versus Black Hat SEO• GEO: Geo-tagged and geo-located search results• SMO: Social Media Optimization• Facial Recognition• Role of G+, Google Docs, Google Scholar, etc. tuning device to results• Google Bombing• Role of commercial, special interest, racist, political groups, etc.• Alternatives: Bing, Blekko, Wolfram Alpha, DuckDuckGo, etc.
Who will control your child?
3D PrintingLeft field disruptionToys, jewelry, art, science, skin, bodyparts, cars, houses, food, prototypes, …
Are Our Kids Different?In short, Yes.
24We understand teens (and others) better• Reading readiness ▫ Early Years, parental role, impact of the school library• IQ ▫ Lead ▫ Gaming ▫ TV, web, etc.• Brain development ▫ Puberty differences in girls and boys ▫ Sleep ▫ Alignment of scaffolds in learning and curricula• Brain research ▫ Sulci and Gyri and myelination ▫ Frontal lobe and reasoning readiness / critical thinking ▫ Teens in early college/university• Genomic learning styles ▫ Introversion, Extroversion, Shyness… ▫ Multiple intelligences, Learning styles – early work of Bloom, Gardner & Skinner
25Multiple Intelligences and Learning StylesThe multiple intelligences The Seven Learning Styles ▫ 1.1 Logical-mathematical • Visual (spatial):You prefer using pictures, images, and spatial ▫ 1.2 Spatial understanding. ▫ 1.3 Linguistic • Aural (auditory-musical): You ▫ 1.4 Bodily-kinesthetic prefer using sound and music. ▫ 1.5 Musical • Verbal/Text (linguistic): You prefer ▫ 1.6 Interpersonal using words, both in speech and ▫ 1.7 Intrapersonal writing. • Physical (kinesthetic): You prefer ▫ 1.8 Naturalistic using your body, hands and sense of ▫ 1.9 Existential touch. • Logical (mathematical): You prefer using logic, reasoning and systems. • Social (interpersonal): You prefer to learn in groups or with other people. • Solitary (intrapersonal): You prefer to work alone and use self-study.
The New Teen• Sustainably socially connected – social media (FB, Instagram, Tumblr, Pinterest, …)• Truly personal devices• Smarter but still need scaffolds• Still human – brain and development, puberty, sleep, genes• Diversity as norm, vs. a focus (learning diversity trumps other kinds)• Significant percentage of identified issues (visual/hearing/mobility and social/ADD/ADHD/autism spectrum, learning edges)• Differential adoption (e-readers, Tweets, vs. Boom/GenX) – still don’t use all features• Smartphone penetration in challenged sectors• Heavy Readers but different mix, time isn’t malleable, fiction/nonfiction, print/e- content, news/gossip/opinion, global, author/authority• Social Gamers vs. isolated players, episodic reading, scaffolds skill• Self-taught techies, narrow, crime/ethics/morality/ teen pregnancy rates• Boys and girls – problems and opportunities, 9am is a great initiative in WY• Socially liberal - tolerant, flexible, boundary challenging, rule benders, under-radar
Librarian Agenda (Public, Academic, & School)• 21st Century Learning• Common Core• Learning Management Systems• Collaboration Space + Community Tools• OCLC Linked Data and DPLA• Experience Development• Space planning for interactivity / engagement /play – virtual and programmatic• Engagement strategies• Being where they are… Mobile• Quality tools versus free and choice-making / decision-making• Unfettered versus free• Positioning commercial search like Google properly
Consider their Whole Experience
29eBooks and eTextbooks
What is the next generation book?The learning or recreational experienceLinks and extensionsGamificationSound and scoresEmbedded VideoAssessments, testsTracking (e.g. Kindle, iStore)Beyond imagination
Black & White
Recognize key shifts – Challenge Assumptions
38What IT Skills Should Teachers Expect of Incoming HS Freshmen?1. Word processing2. Spreadsheet use and graphing3. Multimedia presentation software and digital image handling4. Online communications5. Internet-enabled research6. Managing ones online presence• Doug Johnson
Trans-Literacy: Measure the Impact(s) Community literacy News literacy Reading literacy Technology literacy Numeracy Information literacy Critical literacy Media literacy Social literacy Adaptive literacy Computer literacy Research literacy Web literacy Academic literacy Content literacy Reputation, Etc. Written literacy Critical thinking, communicating for influence, clarity and credulity, supporting debate and argumentation
Not Business as Usual! 40 Change is speeding up (D’oh!) Boomers aren’t the largest demographic Demographics have changed radically (although opinions haven’t caught up) Technology has changed more than everything ‘Personal device matters (BYOD) – e.g. shared home lines to personal mobile “Everything bad is good for you” Managing the ‘Commons’ as strategy not service space Role of quality curation versus consumer web search
42What we know is POWERFUL!• Canada, Finland, China and Russia• New York State 2012 Summary of School Library Research• Ken Haycock OLA Summary of School Library Impact Studies• Advance: McKinley HS Study by Project Tomorrow• Project Tomorrow reports to Congress• Alison Head and Information Fluency research• Foresee Data and overall Usage Data• Pew Internet & American Life reports• Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation studies• IMLS, NCES, ARL, ACRL, ALA, LJ, etc.
What We Never Really Knew Before 27% of our users are under 18. 59% are female. 29% are college students. 5% are professors and 6% are teachers. On any given day, 35% of our users are there for the very first time! Only 29% found the databases via the library website. 59% found what they were looking for on their first search. 72% trusted our content more than Google. But, 81% still use Google. (Wikipedia too)
2010 Eduventures Research on Investments 58% of instructors believe that technology in courses positively impacts student engagement. 71% of instructors that rated student engagement levels as “high” as a result of using technology in courses. 71% of students who are employed full-time and 77% of students who are employed part- time prefer more technology-based tools in the classroom. 79% of instructors and 86 percent of students have seen the average level of engagement improve over the last year as they have increased their use of digital educational tools. 87% of students believe online libraries and databases have had the most significant impact on their overall learning. 62% identify blogs, wikis, and other online authoring tools while 59% identify YouTube and recorded lectures. E-books and e-textbooks impact overall learning among 50% of students surveyed, while 42% of students identify online portals. 44% of instructors believe that online libraries and databases will have the greatest impact on student engagement. 32% of instructors identify e-textbooks and 30% identify interactive homework solutions as having the potential to improve engagement and learning outcomes. (e-readers was 11%) 49% of students believe that online libraries and databases will have the greatest impact on student engagement. Students are more optimistic about the potential for technology.
Common Core Adoption Map Adopted Not Adopted
Are Students Prepared? 100 90 80 70 65% 62% Average percentage 60 60% of students in their 50 current classes teachers believe 40 could leave HS 30 PK – 5 6–8 9 – 12 prepared to succeed 20 in a 2- or 4-year college 10 0 Strongly agreeSlide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Education
Question: What percentage of students did 88 percent of college and university librarians report are prepared to do college-level research? -According to a national study in a 2010 issue of Learning & Media
Common Core’s 3 Big Ideas 1. Literacy is everyone’s job. 2. Students must read complex texts independently and proficiently in every discipline. 3. Students must write argumentative and explanatory texts in every discipline (process writing and on-demand writing).Barnhart, Marcia, INFOhio Common Core ELA and Literacy Standards webinar, 2-12-12.
Shift to Nonfiction TextsInformational textmakes up the vastmajority of therequired reading incollege/workplaceSlide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Education
Library StrategiesPrioritization and segmentation • Trans-Literacy • Lifelong Learning • LEGO™ Education • Boys to men • Guitars, poetry, Slam, Music, Roc • Girls and STEM k the Shelves • Programs +++ • Real • Virtual Space courses, certificates, GED, diplo • Engagement – gaming, laser mas, … tag, 3D, FabLab, MakerFaire, Fin • True Homework Help al Four, Green walls, . . . • Appointment partnerships • POSITIONING for life (learning issues) parent • Named rock star librarians partnerships (Justin on CBS) • Bilateral Partnerships • College choices • Safe Space
MONEY… …Is no longer an excuse.
Stephen Abram, MLS, FSLAConsultant, Dysart & Jones/Lighthouse Partners Cel: 416-669-4855 email@example.com Stephen’s Lighthouse Blog http://stephenslighthouse.com Facebook, Pinterest, Tumblr: Stephen Abram LinkedIn / Plaxo: Stephen Abram Twitter: @sabram SlideShare: StephenAbram1