This Act shall apply to water qualitymanagement in all water bodies:Provided, That it shall primarilyapply to the abatement and control ofpollution from land based sources:
Provided, further, That thewater quality standards andregulations and the civilliability and penal provisionsunder this Act shall beenforced irrespective ofsources of pollution.
RoleEach local government unit shall,through its Environment andNatural Resources Office (ENRO)established in Republic ActNo.7160, have the followingpowers and functions:
Monitoring of water quality;Emergency response;Compliance with the frameworkof the Water QualityManagement Action Plan;
To take active participation in all effortsconcerning water quality protection andrehabilitation; andTo coordinate with other governmentagencies and civil society and theconcerned sectors in the implementationof measures to prevent and control waterpollution
MAIN IMPLEMENTOR-denrPhilippine Coast Guardin coordination with DAand the Department
- shall enforce for theenforcement of water qualitystandards in marine waters,set pursuant to this Act,specifically from offshoresources;
-through its attached agencies,such as the MWSS, LWUA, andincluding other urban waterutilities for the provision orsewerage and sanitation facilitiesand the efficient and safecollection, treatment and disposalof sewage within their area ofjurisdiction;
-shall coordinate with theDepartment(DENR), in theformulation of guidelines for the re-use of wastewater for irrigation andother agricultural uses and for theprevention, control and abatement ofpollution from agricultural andaquaculture activities:
Fertile soils erode away,Indigenous trees are removed,Alien plants invade an area,Farm land is used for housing,Soils become salty through poorirrigation, orSoils are degraded by acidpollution and heavy
EXTINCTION OF SPECIESIs the end of an organismor of a group of organism(taxon)
Facts and Figure At least 15 species havegone extinct over the pastfew decades. The realextinction figure is believedto be much higher, however,due to the conservativeapproach used in suchlistings;
Thousands of animal, plantand lichen species are nowconsidered at risk ofextinction;
One in three amphibians(32%) and almost half (42%) ofturtles and tortoises are nowknown to be threatened withextinction, along with one ineight birds (12%) and one infour mammals (23%);
Causes of ExtinctionHabitat degradationPredation, competition anddiseaseSpread of invasive species
Human Causes ofExtinctionIncreased human populationDestruction/ Fragmentation ofhabitatPollution
Solution and ConservationManagement strategiesEnvironmental strategiesGenetic strategies
Management strategies:conserve large areas of naturalecosystemsprovide bush corridors that linknatural ecosystems
reduce human consumption (ofresources)encourage recyclingimplement community educationprograms.
Environmental strategies:reduce the number ofintroduced speciesextensive reforestationprograms includingreplanting of nativevegetation
CORAL REEF DESTRUCTION-human activity is taking a tallon a vital marine ecosystem, onethat protect coastlines andprovides a habitat for a richvariety of marine life.wild decay of coral reefs
Benefits of Coral ReefsCoral reefs are rich sources ofmarine lifeCarbon dioxide threatens reefsSource of Food and Medicine
Facts and figureCoral reefs, one of the richestand most interestingecosystems on the planet,provide shelter and food for awide array of living organisms.
The coral reefs of the Philippinesare among the most diverse,providing a home to more than900 fish species and more than400 coral species, includingmany that are endemic to thearea.
The Philippine coral reefs totalabout 6.5 million acres (26,000square kilometers). More than7,000 islands and the warm oceanwaters that surround them haveresulted in numerous reefs, bothsmall and large, around thecountry.
Causes of the Destruction ofCoral Reefs1. Global Change Threats2. Direct Human Pressure3. The HumanDimension(governance,awareness and political will
Global Change ThreatsRising Level of CO2Coral BleachingDiseases, Plagues and Invasive
Reefs exposed to imminentdestruction from climatechangeReefs exposed to imminentdestruction from climatechange
2. Direct Human PressureOverfishingSedimentsNutrients and ChemicalPollution
Development of CoastalAreasCoral bombing destroyshabitat and fishBlast fishingMoro ami
3. The Human Dimension(governance, awareness andpolitical will)Rising Poverty, IncreasingPopulation, Alienation from theland
Poor Capacity for Managementand Lack of ResourcesLack of Political will and OceanicGovernance
EffectsThe End of Habitats with aHigh Density of Biodiversity:The Demise of EconomiesDependent on Reefs:
The Loss of Natural CoastalProtection:Killing the Hope for a Cure:
Solution to DISTRUCTIONPhysical RestorationBiological RestorationCoral Nurseries
Coral TransplantationMonitoring and MaintenanceLegislation