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Narrative elements
 

Narrative elements

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The narrative elements

The narrative elements

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    Narrative elements Narrative elements Presentation Transcript

    • Narrative Elements
    • There are 7 elements of narrative
      • Plot
      • Setting
      • Character
      • Atmosphere
      • Theme
      • Point of View
      • Literary Devices
    • Plot
      • What happens in the story; events that occur
      • from beginning to end.
      Conflict A struggle between forces . 1) Human vs. Human 2) Human vs. Nature 3) Human vs. Society 4) Human vs. Her/Himself
    • Setting
      • when and where the story occurs (time and place)
      • P lace : geographical location ; w here is the action of the story taking place?
      • T ime : w hen is the story taking place? (historical period, time of day, year, etc . )
    • Setting
      • W eather C onditions : i s it rainy, sunny, stormy, etc?
      • S ocial C onditions : w hat is the daily life of the characters like? Does the story mention the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place)?
      • M ood or A tmosphere : w hat feeling is created during the story?  Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening? This element of the setting can evolve throughout the story.
    • Character
      • Protagonist:
      • the character whose actions form the basis of the plot
      • the main character, the “ hero ”
      • Antagonist:
      • character who opposes the protagonist and or creates obstacles for him/her
      • forces that work against the protagonist ’ s success (e.g. protagonist ’ s own character traits)
    • Character
      • Dynamic (or Round) character :
      • A complex, multidimensional , developed, embodying a number
      • of qualities and traits
      • A character that changes throughout the story
      • (complex, many sides)
      • Static (or Flat) character :
      • A character that never changes (one-sided)
      • Embody or represent a single characteristic, trait, or idea, or at
      • least a small number of such qualities
    • Atmosphere
      • Mood pervading the story
      • The feeling aroused in the reader by the setting, plot, characters and devices (e.g. feeling of horror, uneasiness, peace)
    • Theme
      • The main point or central concept around which the story is focused.
      • Statement about life or human nature conveyed or implied through the story
      • Can be the author ’ s message or central insight that s/he is trying to communicate through the story
      • Examples of themes include: love, betrayal, friendship, war, etc.
    • Point of View
      • Method of narration
      • First person narrator: “ I ”
      • Told from a highly personal perspective
      • Third person narrator: “ He ” , “ She ”
      • Told from an outside narrator who is not a character in the story
    • Point of View Continued
      • O mniscient : means "all-knowing," and the narrator in such a circumstance can direct the reader's attention to the inner thoughts of any of the characters and controls the sources of information
    • Point of View
      • Third Person:
        • L imited O mniscient : what the narrator knows and sees is restricted to what one central character can know and see.  This limited perspective can explain things differently from a first person point of view .
        • O bjective : the most "drastic" third person point of view ; t he narrator disappears, and t here is no way of entering the minds of the characters.  The reader is permitted t o view the plot only externally, from the outside.  Because its technique resembles drama, this point of view is often referred to as "dramatic."
    • Literary Devices
      • Part of the style of a piece of writing, used to make it more interesting. Examples include: imagery, symbolism, humour, dramatic irony, figurative language (e.g. metaphor, simile), flashback, foreshadowing, etc.