IT Careers
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  • 1. IT Careers for the Future
  • 2. IT Future is Bright  Nearly every business uses business systems – and that need is expanding  All large corporations rely heavily on IT  Businesses need business systems and people to design, develop and manage them  Becoming more fundamental to many careers  Very broad in scope and applicability
  • 3. Demand is higher than supply The college “pipeline” is a trickle Baby boomers are retiring Businesses need HELP! Salaries are rising Promotions are becoming more frequent Companies need both Administrative & Technical support: – People who understand how business and systems interact – People who understand how to develop business programs and systems
  • 4. IT Trends  Shared services  Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) – Integrate business functionalities, including Finance / Accounting, Sales / Marketing, HR / Payroll, Purchasing, Manufacturing, etc.  E-business (e.g., Amazon, online checking)  Automation of business processes (e.g., direct deposit, workflow)
  • 5. IT Trends  Security and bio-technologies (e.g., retinal scans, fingerprint authentication)  Emergency management (e.g., disaster planning)  Wireless initiatives
  • 6. IT Jobs/Roles: Examples IT Technical Careers Software Technology Developer Specialist Technical VP Consultant Technology Designer Chief Tech Architect Officer
  • 7. IT Jobs/Roles: Examples IT Admin Careers Systems QA (Quality) Analyst Manager Project IT Manager Manager VP Ops. or Chief Info Apps. Officer
  • 8. IT Jobs/Roles: What do they do?  Developer: Designs, codes, and tests objects and programs  Network engineer: Designs, deploys, and troubleshoots local area networks  Systems analyst: Identifies and documents business requirements; and designs system flow, functionality, and graphical user interface (GUI)
  • 9. IT Skills“If you have these skills and traits, I.T. may be for you” Skill & Trait Corporate / IT Value Problem-solvers Tech support to project hurdles Analytical / Abstract Thinkers Business process re-engineering Leadership Guide others through adversity; Lead projects, teams, departments, divisions Planning & Vision Prioritize & fund projects Practical / Pragmatic Support things that help business; Ensure match between IT and business needs Goal-oriented / Focused Manage complex projects Innovative Create, learn & apply new technologies Self-motivated / Ambitious Hungry to learn new things Ability to Communicate Clarify requirements / expectations Team player Work with teams of specialists
  • 10. IT Skills are the Enablers of Business Finance & Sales & Accounting Marketing IT Systems, Data & Manufacturing Infrastructure Human Resources Purchasing Accounting
  • 11. IT Future: Video Did You Know? (Shift Happens)  The world is growing and changing  Information is doubling  Many jobs, technologies, and problems don’t exist yet
  • 12. Myths 1 and 2 1. There are no IT jobs 2. IT-Related Educational Degrees Are Worth Less
  • 13. Reality: IT jobs are HOT! Percent Median Growth Salary (May 1. Two of the top 15 fastestJob Type 2008-2018 2008) growing occupationBiomedical engineers 72% $77,400Network systems & data categories in the Unitedcommunications analysts 53 71,100 States are IT-related, withHome health aides 50 20,460Personal and home care Bachelor’s degreesaides 46 19,180Financial examiners 41 70,930 2. IT salaries are relativelyMedical scientists, exceptepidemiologists 40 72,590 highPhysician assistants 39 81,230 Source: BLS Occupational Handbook, 2010-2011Skin care specialists 38 28,730Biochemists & biophysicists 37 82,840Athletic trainers 37 39,640Physical therapist aids 36 23,760Dental hygienists 36 66,570Veterinary technologists &technicians 36 28,900Dental assistants 36 32,380Computer softwareengineers, applications 34 85,430
  • 14. Reality: IT jobs are HOT! Mean Annual SalaryJob Type (May 2008)Computer and Mathematical Science $74,500Computer and Information Scientists, Research 100,900Computer Programmers 73,470Computer Software Engineers, Applications 87,900Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 94,520Computer Support Specialists 46,370Computer System Analysts 78,830Database Administrators 72,900Network and Computer Systems Administrators 69,570Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 73,830Computer Specialists, All Other 76,000 Source: BLS, May 2008 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, United States
  • 15. And…Salaries May Go Even Higher • If current trends continue (i.e., decreased enrollment, significant job growth), there will soon be a shortfall of adequately skilled IT labor. • Demand for labor will outstrip supply, putting further upward pressure on salaries. This is the same thing that happened during the dot- com boom when we saw a significant increase to salaries for critically skilled IT labor.
  • 16. Myth 3 3. All IT-Related Jobs Are Getting Sourced Offshore
  • 17. Some Jobs Will Go Overseas • Some basic jobs (e.g., some programming, help desk) will go overseas. While some programming is going offshore, integration and testing functions remain onshore. • Highly skilled jobs and jobs that relate to a company’s core competencies or products will stay • Global companies may outsource to the U.S.
  • 18. Some Jobs Will Go Overseas • Jobs that require close contact with the business will also stay. (CIO Magazine) • Companies Outsource for Price but Pay for Value
  • 19. So What Can You Do? How can you increase your odds for getting those high- paying, in-demand IT- related jobs when you graduate?
  • 20. Research Relevant Degrees• Research degrees that match your interests (Need an Associate or Bachelor’s degree)• Experience, continuous education, and certifications provide a competitive advantage• Technical Skills: • Operating Systems (e.g., Windows, Unix) • Databases (e.g., Oracle, SQL) • Programming Languages (e.g., ASP, C++, Java) • Enterprise Systems (e.g., Oracle, PeopleSoft, SAP)
  • 21. Research Relevant Degrees• Business Skills: • “Since the one and only purpose of IT is to support and enable the business … everyone in IT… must know the business better than ever before.” (Computerworld, 5/04)
  • 22. Develop Skills• Certifications include: Network engineering Development Certified Network Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) Administrator, CAN Certified Netware Engineer, Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer CNE (MCSD) Microsoft Certified System Microsoft Certified Database Administrator Engineer, MCSE (MCDBA) Cisco Certified Network Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) Engineer, CCNE
  • 23. Develop Skills • Learn business software and skills • Microsoft Office Software (e.g., Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Project, Visio, etc.) • Project management methodology • Flow charting • Requirements analysis
  • 24. Get Some Experience• The highest paying jobs are for those with experience: • Co-ops / Internships • Part-Time Jobs • Volunteering • Student groups / Hobbies• The best experiences will expose you to the type of work that you would like to do after graduation.
  • 25. Recent Grad Experiences  Current Job Title  Personal Decisions  Personal Lessons  Internships / Co-ops  Experiences To-Date / Career Path
  • 26. Summary1. IT career offers tremendous opportunity – Excitement & satisfaction – High pay and rapid advancement – Flexibility in career path – New technology every day – never gets old! – The world is changing – Jobs, technologies, problems don’t exist yet2. Business needs IT workers – Business and technology are inseparable – Business impact (value) – Make a difference – Advantage to understand data and how collected (what it means) – Demand is high and will remain high3. IT careers can retain appeal over a lifetime
  • 27. Do what you love and you’ll never work aWhat to do next? day in your life! If this is interesting, find out more – You owe it to yourself – You owe it to your future employers Decide what your “passion” is and why Decide the best path to live in that passion Take the first step
  • 28. Thank You! Questions? Regional Information Technology Engagement (RITE) Board