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Careers in the 
Computer Industry 
Chloe Foster 
NET 101 
November 6, 2013
THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY 
With billions of dollars in annual revenue, the 
computer industry is one of the larger 
worldwide industries. This industry has 
created thousands of high-tech jobs, even in 
companies whose primary business is not 
computer related. Job opportunities in the 
computer industry generally are available in 
one or more of these areas: 
• General business and government 
organizations and their IT departments 
• Computer equipment field 
• Computer software field 
• Computer service and repair field 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786)
CERTIFICATIONS 
Certification is the process of verifying the technical 
knowledge of an individual who has demonstrated 
competence in a particular area. Companies often 
require certification to ensure quality and workmanship 
standards and to confirm their workforce remains up to 
date with 
respect to computers and technology. 
Computing professionals typically obtain a certification 
by taking and passing an examination. Preparation for a 
certification exam requires experience or special classes, 
many of which are offered by trade schools, community 
colleges, and adult education centers. After certification 
requirements are met, proficiency in an area is 
acknowledged with a certificate. 
Many vendors, such as Microsoft and Cisco, offer 
technical certification programs for their Products in 
areas such as network administration, hardware repair, 
security. 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801)
CERTIFICATION BENEFITS 
Career: A certification is one of the first 
accomplishments an employer notices on a 
resume. It provides a benchmark, or a means, to 
measure a person’s skills. It can set an individual 
apart from other potential candidates who may 
be vying for a similar advancement or position. 
Professional: Certification is a personal 
achievement that adds credibility among peers 
and employers. Certification also authorizes 
the certificate holder to use the product’s 
official logo or symbol on personal items, 
such as business cards and Web pages. As an 
additional bonus, some certification training 
can be used for college credit. Although 
nothing guarantees job security, certification 
helps give the IT professional an edge over 
employees without certification. 
Salary: Numerous salary surveys show that 
certification helps influence pay increases. 
Individuals with more than one area of certification 
can command even higher salaries. 
Companies often pay 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801)
PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 
Professional Organizations and Personal 
Networks Computer professionals with common 
interests and a desire to extend their proficiency 
form computer-related professional organizations to 
share their knowledge. Two organizations that are 
influential in the computer industry 
are the Association for Computing Machinery 
and the Association of Information Technology 
Professionals. 
Attending professional meetings as a guest or 
student member provides an excellent opportunity 
for students to learn about the IT industry and to 
meet and talk with professionals in the field. Often, 
student chapters of professional organizations exist 
on college campuses. The student chapters provide 
students with the opportunity to develop leadership 
skills and to become acquainted with professionals 
who speak at their chapter meetings. 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 797)
General Business & Government IT Departments 
Businesses and government 
organizations of all sizes use 
computers. Without computers, very 
few organizations could operate in 
today’s economy. Employees of all 
types, from office workers to shop 
foremen, use business software such 
as word processing to prepare basic 
documents. 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786)
SELECTED IT DEPARTMENT JOBS 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787) 
Management 
directs the planning, research, 
development, evaluation, and 
integration of technology. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science 
or Similar Degree Field and 
Vendor Certifications 
Technical Services 
evaluates/integrates new 
technologies, administers 
organization’s data resources, 
and supports the centralized 
computer operating system 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science or 
Similar Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications 
Training 
teaches employees how to use 
components of the information 
system or answers user questions. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s 
in Computer Science or Similar 
Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications 
Security 
develops and enforces policies that 
are designed to safeguard an 
organization’s data and information 
from unauthorized users. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science or 
Similar Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications
Computer Equipment Field 
The computer equipment field consists of 
manufacturers and distributors of 
computers and computer-related hardware 
such as magnetic and optical drives, 
monitors, printers, and communications 
and networking devices. In addition to the 
companies that make end-user equipment, 
thousands of companies manufacture 
components used inside a computer such 
as chips, motherboards, cables, and power 
supplies. 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790)
SELECTED COMPUTER EQUIPMENT JOBS 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787) 
Assembly 
Creates items for computers 
such as motherboards and 
other hardware. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science 
or Similar Degree Field and 
Vendor Certifications 
Packaging 
Gathers assembled materials for 
shipping to customers and stores 
Required Credentials 
High School, Associates, 
Bachelors, or Master’s in 
Computer Science or Similar 
Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications 
Distribution 
Ensures that ordered products are 
delivered to the desired location. 
Required Credentials 
High School, licenses, other 
pertinent experiences, and 
Vendor Certifications 
IT Department 
Oversees any technical issues with 
the computers used to manufacture 
and distribute equipment. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in 
Computer Science or Similar 
Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications
Computer Software Field 
The computer software field consists 
of companies that develop, 
manufacture, and support a wide 
range of software. Some software 
companies specialize in a particular 
type of software such as business 
software or utility programs. Other 
software companies, especially 
larger firms such as Microsoft, 
produce and sell many types of 
software. 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790)
SELECTED COMPUTER SOFTWARE JOBS 
(Shelly & Vermaat, 2005, pp. 790) 
Project Manager 
directs and oversees the 
planning, research, and 
development of new software 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science 
or Similar Degree Field and 
Vendor Certifications 
Programmer 
writes and tests computer 
Programs by themselves or with 
a team of programmers. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or 
Master’s in Computer Science or 
Similar Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications 
Technical Lead 
guides the design, development, 
and maintenance tasks 
and serve as interface between 
programmer/ developer and 
management. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s 
in Computer Science or Similar 
Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications 
Computer Scientist 
Invents and develops 
innovative solutions to complex 
software requirements or problems. 
Required Credentials 
Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in 
Computer Science or Similar 
Degree Field and Vendor 
Certifications
REFERENCES 
Shelly, G. & Vermaat, E. (2011). Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World. 
Boston, Massachusetts: Course Technology

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Careers in Computer Industry Guide

  • 1. Careers in the Computer Industry Chloe Foster NET 101 November 6, 2013
  • 2. THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY With billions of dollars in annual revenue, the computer industry is one of the larger worldwide industries. This industry has created thousands of high-tech jobs, even in companies whose primary business is not computer related. Job opportunities in the computer industry generally are available in one or more of these areas: • General business and government organizations and their IT departments • Computer equipment field • Computer software field • Computer service and repair field (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786)
  • 3. CERTIFICATIONS Certification is the process of verifying the technical knowledge of an individual who has demonstrated competence in a particular area. Companies often require certification to ensure quality and workmanship standards and to confirm their workforce remains up to date with respect to computers and technology. Computing professionals typically obtain a certification by taking and passing an examination. Preparation for a certification exam requires experience or special classes, many of which are offered by trade schools, community colleges, and adult education centers. After certification requirements are met, proficiency in an area is acknowledged with a certificate. Many vendors, such as Microsoft and Cisco, offer technical certification programs for their Products in areas such as network administration, hardware repair, security. (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801)
  • 4. CERTIFICATION BENEFITS Career: A certification is one of the first accomplishments an employer notices on a resume. It provides a benchmark, or a means, to measure a person’s skills. It can set an individual apart from other potential candidates who may be vying for a similar advancement or position. Professional: Certification is a personal achievement that adds credibility among peers and employers. Certification also authorizes the certificate holder to use the product’s official logo or symbol on personal items, such as business cards and Web pages. As an additional bonus, some certification training can be used for college credit. Although nothing guarantees job security, certification helps give the IT professional an edge over employees without certification. Salary: Numerous salary surveys show that certification helps influence pay increases. Individuals with more than one area of certification can command even higher salaries. Companies often pay (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 800-801)
  • 5. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Professional Organizations and Personal Networks Computer professionals with common interests and a desire to extend their proficiency form computer-related professional organizations to share their knowledge. Two organizations that are influential in the computer industry are the Association for Computing Machinery and the Association of Information Technology Professionals. Attending professional meetings as a guest or student member provides an excellent opportunity for students to learn about the IT industry and to meet and talk with professionals in the field. Often, student chapters of professional organizations exist on college campuses. The student chapters provide students with the opportunity to develop leadership skills and to become acquainted with professionals who speak at their chapter meetings. (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 797)
  • 6. General Business & Government IT Departments Businesses and government organizations of all sizes use computers. Without computers, very few organizations could operate in today’s economy. Employees of all types, from office workers to shop foremen, use business software such as word processing to prepare basic documents. (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 786)
  • 7. SELECTED IT DEPARTMENT JOBS (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787) Management directs the planning, research, development, evaluation, and integration of technology. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Technical Services evaluates/integrates new technologies, administers organization’s data resources, and supports the centralized computer operating system Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Training teaches employees how to use components of the information system or answers user questions. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Security develops and enforces policies that are designed to safeguard an organization’s data and information from unauthorized users. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications
  • 8. Computer Equipment Field The computer equipment field consists of manufacturers and distributors of computers and computer-related hardware such as magnetic and optical drives, monitors, printers, and communications and networking devices. In addition to the companies that make end-user equipment, thousands of companies manufacture components used inside a computer such as chips, motherboards, cables, and power supplies. (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790)
  • 9. SELECTED COMPUTER EQUIPMENT JOBS (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 787) Assembly Creates items for computers such as motherboards and other hardware. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Packaging Gathers assembled materials for shipping to customers and stores Required Credentials High School, Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Distribution Ensures that ordered products are delivered to the desired location. Required Credentials High School, licenses, other pertinent experiences, and Vendor Certifications IT Department Oversees any technical issues with the computers used to manufacture and distribute equipment. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications
  • 10. Computer Software Field The computer software field consists of companies that develop, manufacture, and support a wide range of software. Some software companies specialize in a particular type of software such as business software or utility programs. Other software companies, especially larger firms such as Microsoft, produce and sell many types of software. (Shelly & Vermaat, 2011, pp. 790)
  • 11. SELECTED COMPUTER SOFTWARE JOBS (Shelly & Vermaat, 2005, pp. 790) Project Manager directs and oversees the planning, research, and development of new software Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Programmer writes and tests computer Programs by themselves or with a team of programmers. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Technical Lead guides the design, development, and maintenance tasks and serve as interface between programmer/ developer and management. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications Computer Scientist Invents and develops innovative solutions to complex software requirements or problems. Required Credentials Associates, Bachelors, or Master’s in Computer Science or Similar Degree Field and Vendor Certifications
  • 12. REFERENCES Shelly, G. & Vermaat, E. (2011). Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World. Boston, Massachusetts: Course Technology