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Ms. Mahwish AjazMs. Mahwish Ajaz
DEDICATED TO SOCIOLOGYDEDICATED TO SOCIOLOGY
RED-TAPISM AnD
DESPOTISM In
EDuCATIOn SET uP
Of PAkISTAn
Group PresentationGroup Presentation
November-15-2007November-15-...
3
WHAT IS EDuCATIOn?
EducationEducation:
Increase in the stocks of skills, knowledge
and understanding possessed by indivi...
PROBLEMS
Of EDuCATIOn In
PAkISTAn
5
CAuSES Of STAGnATIOn
6
(Synonymous of Corruption)
Is Strict adherence to official
formalities.
RED-TAP MAY ITSELF BE CREATED BY
THE BUREAUCRATS...
7
A Bureaucrat is a Government Official
who follows “a Rigid procedure” in
administering the responsibilities of a
positio...
8
SYMPTOMS Of RED-TAPISM
 It is a common feeling that Educational funds
are utilized inefficiently without getting the
de...
9
EDUCATION
Set up
Bureaucratic
Rule
DespotismRed-Tapism
Traps millions of people in
poverty and misery
Undermines democ...
10
“Bureaucratic School Systems Scenario”
CULTURAL /CULTURAL /
RELIGIOUSRELIGIOUS
GROUPSGROUPS
CULTURAL /CULTURAL /
RELIGI...
11
Bureaucracy
Max Weber (1864-1920)
(Renowned German sociologist)
• A monopoly of governmental influence in education "Fr...
12
Impact of red-tapIst and
true Bureaucracy
• Healthy state is unified, orderly, and in
balance, and that its people have...
corruptIon
&
red-tapIsm
14
defInIng
corruptIon
Misuse of entrusted power for
private benefit
15
causes of corruptIon
 Lack of Accountability (31.68%)
 Red Tapism (29.28%)
 Low salaries (16.54%)
 Monopoly of powe...
The National Integrity
System
17
Legislature
Executive
AccountabilityBodies
AntiCorruptionAgencies
Media
CivilSociety
PrivateSector
Judiciary
Sustainabl...
18
The Pillars are
interrelated, weakness
in one or more leads
to……?
19
PRIVATE
S O C I E T Y’ S V A L U E S
P U B L I C A W A R E N E S S
QUALITY
OF
LIFE
RULEOFLAW
AUDITORGENERAL
OMBUDSMAN
W...
20
Red-TapismRed-Tapism
CATEGORY WISECATEGORY WISE
POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS BUSINESSMEN ARMED
FORCES
OTHERS
18.3% 56.9% 11....
21
Red-tapism and school
system
 Teacher recruitment and postings
influenced by bribes or sexual favors
 Exam questions ...
22
Red-tapism in higheR
education
 PhD and Lapsed Scholar Ships
 High Drop Out Rate
 Admission Criteria
 Bureaucratic ...
paRha liKha
punJaB
“FRaud”
 Government of Punjab announced Rs 7
billion
despotism and
paKistan
Gwadar
Balochistan
25
What is despotism?
“Despotism” is a form of government by a single
authority, either as individual or tightly knit
grou...
26
despotism and
paKistan
 Pakistan has an unfortunate history of
absolute despotism.
 The ruler has unlimited power
 T...
despotism in education set
up
 Feudal lord in rural areas
 Heads of the state have established their
own policies for th...
How THey Impose
DespoTIsm In our
eDucaTIon seT up?
29
DespoTIsm anD scHool
sysTem
 Staff exploiting and abusing pupils in many
different ways (physically and sexually)
 Sc...
30
How
we can
revITalIze
sysTem……!
31
recommenDaTIons:
 Better status and pay for teacher
 Emphasis must be given on development of
analytical faculties of...
32
recommenDaTIons:
 Improving the quality of teaching-
learning process
 Strengthening and up gradation ofStrengthening...
recommenDaTIons:
 Codes of conduct
Clear codes of conduct for school staff are needed to
ensure certain standards
 Theft...
34
THANK YOU!
Group:
HamID HussaIn
(Group Leader)
DanIyal Gulfam
sHeraz fayyaz
muHammaD KasHIf
Tuba
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  1. 1. Ms. Mahwish AjazMs. Mahwish Ajaz DEDICATED TO SOCIOLOGYDEDICATED TO SOCIOLOGY
  2. 2. RED-TAPISM AnD DESPOTISM In EDuCATIOn SET uP Of PAkISTAn Group PresentationGroup Presentation November-15-2007November-15-2007 Teacher: Ms. Mahwish ejaz
  3. 3. 3 WHAT IS EDuCATIOn? EducationEducation: Increase in the stocks of skills, knowledge and understanding possessed by individuals or society OR Education is an uncontested acceptance of knowledge
  4. 4. PROBLEMS Of EDuCATIOn In PAkISTAn
  5. 5. 5 CAuSES Of STAGnATIOn
  6. 6. 6 (Synonymous of Corruption) Is Strict adherence to official formalities. RED-TAP MAY ITSELF BE CREATED BY THE BUREAUCRATS : Many Government policies are either ,misguided or too Rigid RED-TAPISM
  7. 7. 7 A Bureaucrat is a Government Official who follows “a Rigid procedure” in administering the responsibilities of a position. WHO IS A BuREAuCRAT?
  8. 8. 8 SYMPTOMS Of RED-TAPISM  It is a common feeling that Educational funds are utilized inefficiently without getting the desirable results.  Minimum standards  Un Equal access  Inequality of opportunity  Corrupt bureaucrats pass many who they shouldn’t
  9. 9. 9 EDUCATION Set up Bureaucratic Rule DespotismRed-Tapism Traps millions of people in poverty and misery Undermines democracy and the rule of law Distorts Nation Jeopardises sound governance and ethics in the private sector Breeds social, economic and political crises Retards social and economic development
  10. 10. 10 “Bureaucratic School Systems Scenario” CULTURAL /CULTURAL / RELIGIOUSRELIGIOUS GROUPSGROUPS CULTURAL /CULTURAL / RELIGIOUSRELIGIOUS GROUPSGROUPS ENTERPRISESENTERPRISESENTERPRISESENTERPRISES MEDIA / ITMEDIA / ITMEDIA / ITMEDIA / IT EMPLOYERSEMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS,ORGANISATIONS, UNIONSUNIONS EMPLOYERSEMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS,ORGANISATIONS, UNIONSUNIONS PARENTSPARENTSPARENTSPARENTS TERTIARYTERTIARY EDUCATIONEDUCATION TERTIARYTERTIARY EDUCATIONEDUCATION LEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNER LEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNER LEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNER LEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNERLEARNER SCHOOLSCHOOLSCHOOLSCHOOL TEACHERTEACHERTEACHERTEACHER TEACHERTEACHERTEACHERTEACHER TT EE AA CC HH EE RR TT EE AA CC HH EE RR FF OO RR CC EE Bureaucracy FUNDING BODY FUNDING BODY AthourityAthourity
  11. 11. 11 Bureaucracy Max Weber (1864-1920) (Renowned German sociologist) • A monopoly of governmental influence in education "From a purely technical point of view, a bureaucracy is capable of attaining the highest degree of efficiency, and is in this sense formally the most rational known means of exercising authority over human beings.  It is superior to any other form in precision, in stability, in the stringency of its discipline, and in its reliability.  It thus makes possible a particularly high degree of calculability of results for the heads of the organization and for those acting in relation to it.  It is finally superior both in intensive efficiency and in the scope of its operations and is formally capable of application to all kinds of administrative tasks REFERENCE: "Some Consequences of Bureaucratization,
  12. 12. 12 Impact of red-tapIst and true Bureaucracy • Healthy state is unified, orderly, and in balance, and that its people have happiness, honor, strength, and security. However, an unhealthy state is disorderly and unbalanced, and may require strong measures to restore it to normal.
  13. 13. corruptIon & red-tapIsm
  14. 14. 14 defInIng corruptIon Misuse of entrusted power for private benefit
  15. 15. 15 causes of corruptIon  Lack of Accountability (31.68%)  Red Tapism (29.28%)  Low salaries (16.54%)  Monopoly of power (16.43%)  Discretionary powers (12.61%)  Lack of transparency (9.97%)  Power of influential people (4.59%)  Others (4.9%)
  16. 16. The National Integrity System
  17. 17. 17 Legislature Executive AccountabilityBodies AntiCorruptionAgencies Media CivilSociety PrivateSector Judiciary Sustainable Development Rule of Law Quality of Life natIonaL IntegrIty system
  18. 18. 18 The Pillars are interrelated, weakness in one or more leads to……?
  19. 19. 19 PRIVATE S O C I E T Y’ S V A L U E S P U B L I C A W A R E N E S S QUALITY OF LIFE RULEOFLAW AUDITORGENERAL OMBUDSMAN WATCHDOGAGENCIES PUBLICSERVICE LEGISLATURE EXECUTIVE JUDICIARY N A T I O N A L I N T E G R I T Y N A T I O N A L I N T E G R I T Y CIVIL SEC TO R SOCIETY INTERNATION LACTORS MEDIA SUSTAIN- ABLE DEVELOP- M ENT The National Integrity System
  20. 20. 20 Red-TapismRed-Tapism CATEGORY WISECATEGORY WISE POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS BUSINESSMEN ARMED FORCES OTHERS 18.3% 56.9% 11.8% 1.4% 11.6% 87 POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS BUSINESSMEN ARMED FORCES OTHERS
  21. 21. 21 Red-tapism and school system  Teacher recruitment and postings influenced by bribes or sexual favors  Exam questions sold in advance  Examination results only released upon payment  Children from certain communities favored for admission, while others are subjected to extra payments.
  22. 22. 22 Red-tapism in higheR education  PhD and Lapsed Scholar Ships  High Drop Out Rate  Admission Criteria  Bureaucratic delays  Supervising Unmanageable marks
  23. 23. paRha liKha punJaB “FRaud”  Government of Punjab announced Rs 7 billion
  24. 24. despotism and paKistan Gwadar Balochistan
  25. 25. 25 What is despotism? “Despotism” is a form of government by a single authority, either as individual or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute political power. In its classical form, a despotism is a state where one single person is called a Despot.
  26. 26. 26 despotism and paKistan  Pakistan has an unfortunate history of absolute despotism.  The ruler has unlimited power  They sometimes use force to maintain power
  27. 27. despotism in education set up  Feudal lord in rural areas  Heads of the state have established their own policies for the education system.  The main tyranny of our government towards education is that they are spending less than 6% of the budget.
  28. 28. How THey Impose DespoTIsm In our eDucaTIon seT up?
  29. 29. 29 DespoTIsm anD scHool sysTem  Staff exploiting and abusing pupils in many different ways (physically and sexually)  School property used for private commercial purposes.  Political blackmail (“if you don’t vote for me, you won’t get the school” )
  30. 30. 30 How we can revITalIze sysTem……!
  31. 31. 31 recommenDaTIons:  Better status and pay for teacher  Emphasis must be given on development of analytical faculties of the students  There’s need for In-Built Monitoring system  Involvement of parents, teachers, and civil society in planning and management
  32. 32. 32 recommenDaTIons:  Improving the quality of teaching- learning process  Strengthening and up gradation ofStrengthening and up gradation of Teacher Training institutionsTeacher Training institutions..  Politically independent administrationsPolitically independent administrations  Clear criteria for student admissions andClear criteria for student admissions and examinationsexaminations
  33. 33. recommenDaTIons:  Codes of conduct Clear codes of conduct for school staff are needed to ensure certain standards  Theft, misuse of funds and other illegal acts carried out by staff must be consistently dealt with by the courts to maintain respect for the rule of law.
  34. 34. 34 THANK YOU! Group: HamID HussaIn (Group Leader) DanIyal Gulfam sHeraz fayyaz muHammaD KasHIf Tuba

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