Civics Goal 2

3,757 views
3,317 views

Published on

The three branches of government, checks and balances, and separation of powers. Also includes how a bill becomes a law.

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • 'After being in relationship with Wilson for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that don't believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I meant a spell caster called Dr Zuma zuk and I email him, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email: spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or call him +2349055637784 you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEMS'
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,757
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
126
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
68
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Civics Goal 2

  1. 1. Civics Goal 2<br />
  2. 2. Principles of the Constitution<br />a.k.a. The things that our government is based on today<br />
  3. 3. The Constitution<br />DISCUSS: Where have we seen “separation of powers” before?<br />
  4. 4. Popular Sovereignty<br />Explanation: The people are the source of government’s power (“We the people…”).<br />Example:<br />Voting<br />Recall elections<br />Propositions & Referendums<br />
  5. 5. Limited Government<br />Explanation: The government’s power is restricted by Constitution and Bill of Rights.<br />Example:<br />Police must have a warrant<br />Punishments must match crimes<br />Congress can not pass a law telling you what to eat for lunch<br />CONSTITUTION<br />
  6. 6. DISCUSS: Defend this sentence-Although England has a King, their government is based on the idea of Limited Government.Hint: Magna Carta<br />
  7. 7. Checks and Balances<br />Explanation: When one branch of government restricts another from doing something wrong for the country.<br />Example:<br />Congress wants to raise taxes, but President must agree.<br />President hides information from the public, but Supreme Court force him to give it up.<br />
  8. 8. Separation of Powers<br />Explanation: Dividing the powers of government between 3 branches so no one has too much power.<br />Example:<br />President wants to make flag burning illegal, but it is not his job to make the laws<br />
  9. 9. DISCUSS: Do you think “Checks and Balances” can exist within a government that does NOT have Separation of Powers?<br />
  10. 10. Federalism<br />Explanation: Dividing powers of gov’t between a national (federal) gov’t and smaller state governments. <br />Example:<br />You will pay taxes to two governments<br />School in N.C. is different from school in S.C.<br />
  11. 11. DISCUSS: Which of the 5 Principles might be the most important to people who vote?<br /><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty
  12. 12. Limited Government
  13. 13. Separation of Powers
  14. 14. Checks and Balances
  15. 15. Federalism</li></li></ul><li>Judicial Review<br />The power of the Supreme court to review laws.<br />This principle was established by the Supreme Court case Marbury vs. Madison (1803)<br />
  16. 16. Preamble<br />A) Where is the Preamble located? <br /> -At the beginning of the Constitution (Introduction paragraph)<br />B) What is the purpose of the Preamble?<br /> -It identifies the 6 purposes or things the government will try to do under the Constitution.<br />
  17. 17. Where is the “Establishment Clause” located and what does it state?<br />Located in the 1st Amendment (freedom of religion)<br />It states that &quot;Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion&quot;<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Qualifications of Offices of the 3 Branches of Government<br />
  20. 20. House of Representatives (Legislative Branch)<br />Age: 25<br />Citizenship/ Residency: Must be an American Citizen for 7 years and a resident of the state he or she represents<br />Length of Term: 2 Years<br />Term Limit: Unlimited as long as reelected<br />
  21. 21. Senate (Legislative Branch)<br />Age: 30 years old<br />Citizenship/ Residency: Must be a citizen for 9 years and must live in the state from which elected<br />Length of Term: 6 years<br />Term Limit: Unlimited as long as reelected<br />
  22. 22. President/ Vice President (Executive Branch)<br />Age: 35 years old<br />Citizenship/ Residency: Must have been born a citizen of the US and a resident of the United States for 14 years<br />Length of Term: 4 years<br />Term Limit: 2 terms<br />
  23. 23. Supreme Court Justice(Judicial Branch)<br />Age: No age limit<br />Citizenship/ Residency: No Residency requirement<br />Length of Term: Life<br />Term Limit: Life<br />
  24. 24. The Separation of Powers<br />
  25. 25. Separation of Powers- Why?<br />The framers of the constitution included the separation of powers for one primary reason: to prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule<br />As part of this separation of powers, each of the three branches have Checks and Balances” on the authority of the other two branches the power of each branch is limited or”checked” by the other two so none gain too much power<br />
  26. 26. What are the Checks and Balances?<br />The Congress passes laws, but the president can veto it, which in turn can be overridden by the congress. <br />The President appoints judges and department heads (secretaries), but these must be approved by the Senate<br /><ul><li>The Supreme court can rule a law unconstitutional, and therefore invalid, however, the congress can amend (change) the constitution</li></li></ul><li>Specific powers of each Branch<br />POWERS:<br />The Executive Branch<br />veto power, <br />appointment of judges,<br />make treaties, <br />pardon power<br />ensure laws are carried out<br />CHECKS:<br />Legislative Branch<br />can override vetoes, <br />refuse to confirm appointments, <br />reject treaties, <br />declare war, <br />impeach the president <br />Judicial Branch <br />can declare executive acts unconstitutional<br />
  27. 27. Specific powers of each Branch<br />POWERS:<br />The Legislative Branch<br /> pass all federal laws<br />establish all lower federal courts<br />override presidential veto<br />impeach the president <br />CHECKS:<br />Executive Branch<br /><ul><li>can veto any bill
  28. 28. call Congress into session</li></ul>Judicial Branch<br />declare laws unconstitutional<br />
  29. 29. Specific powers of each Branch<br />CHECKS:<br />Executive Branch<br />appoints judges<br />Legislative Branch <br />can impeach judges<br />and approves presidential appointments<br />can amend constitution to overturn judicial decisions<br />POWERS:<br />The Judicial Branch<br />try federal cases,<br />interpret laws, <br />declare executive actions & laws unconstitutional<br />
  30. 30. Questions for discussion<br />Which branch is the most powerful ?<br />Is one branch more powerful than the others ? Explain. Give examples<br />Why did the framers believe a separation of powers was so important ?<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. The System of Federalism <br />Dividing powers of government between a national (federal) government and smaller state governments<br />
  33. 33. Types of Powers<br />Expressed Powers: Powers actually written in the Constitution<br />ex: “Congress shall have the power…to raise and support Armies”<br />Implied Powers: Powers not actually listed in the Constitution, but are assumed<br />ex: Congress draft citizens into the army<br />
  34. 34. Elastic clausea.k.a. “necessary and proper clause”<br />“Congress has the power to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the…powers vested by the Constitution.”<br />Allows Congress to expand its powers when needed.<br />EX: Constitution says- “power to…repel invasions” but Congress has allowed wiretapping of suspected terrorists without warrants.<br />
  35. 35. National (Federal) Government Powersa.k.a. Expressed Powers<br />Coin money<br />Regulate interstate trade<br />Interstate=between states<br />Create armies<br />Declare war<br />Deal with other countries<br />
  36. 36. State Powersa.k.a. Reserved Powers (10th Amendment)<br />Maintain Public Schools<br />Regulate alcohol<br />Conduct elections<br />License professionals<br />
  37. 37. National & State Powersa.k.a. Concurrent Powers<br />Collect taxes<br />Borrow Money<br />Establish Courts<br />Define crimes & punishments<br />
  38. 38. Supremacy Clause<br />What does the Supremacy Clause state about the relationship between the federal and state governments?<br />The Federal law (US Constitution) is above all state laws<br />States cannot make laws that conflict with US laws.<br />
  39. 39. 36<br />
  40. 40. 37<br />Pigeonhole<br />Step #2 & #5<br />When a committee or sub-committee puts a Bill aside until it is forgotten about (dies)<br />
  41. 41. 38<br />Filibuster<br />Step #6<br />When a senator tries to prevent a vote by talking as long as possible during the debate<br />
  42. 42. 39<br />Cloture<br />Step #6<br />When 60 Senators vote to stop (clot) a filibuster<br />
  43. 43. 40<br />Conference Committee<br />Step #7<br />When members of the HoR and Senate compromise on differences in a Bill before it goes to the President.<br />
  44. 44. 41<br />Veto<br />Step #8<br />When the President rejects a Bill <br />
  45. 45. 42<br />Pocket Veto<br />Step #8<br />When the President puts a Bill aside for 10 days and it does not become a law<br />
  46. 46. 43<br />Override Veto<br />Step #9<br />If President Vetoes or Pocket Vetoes a Bill, The Senate and HoR can override the President if 2/3 of each house agrees.<br />
  47. 47. 44<br />The 9 steps of how a Bill becomes a Law<br />Step #1<br />Bill introduced into the HoR<br />Step #2<br />Bill goes to committee & subcommittee<br />Step #3<br />Debate and voted on in the HoR<br />
  48. 48. 45<br />The 9 steps of how a Bill becomes a Law<br />Step #4<br />Bill introduced into the Senate<br />Step #5<br />Bill goes to committee<br />Step #6<br />Debate and voted on in the Senate<br />
  49. 49. 46<br />The 9 steps of how a Bill becomes a Law<br />Step #7<br />Conference Committee<br />Step #8<br />Presidential Action<br />Sign<br />Veto<br />Pocket Veto<br />Step #9<br />Override Veto<br />
  50. 50. 47<br />The Bill Flow Chart:<br />Introduction in the House of Reps.<br /> Sent to Committee/ Sub- Committee<br />Debate & Vote in the HoR<br />Sent to the Senate and Introduced<br />Senate Committee<br />Veto Override:<br />2/3 Vote in Congress = Law<br />Debate & vote <br />Senate Floor Vote<br />Conference Committtee<br />Sent to the President:<br />Signs = Law<br />Veto  No Law<br />
  51. 51. I’m Just a Bill<br />
  52. 52. The Constitution and the Amendment Process (Article V)<br />
  53. 53. Marbury vs. Madison<br />What is the lasting impact??<br />The judicial branch has a duty to uphold the Constitution. Thus, it must be able to determine when a law conflicts with the Constitution and to nullify unconstitutional laws (Judicial Review)<br />
  54. 54. To PROPOSE an Amendment<br />Method 1<br />By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate<br />[most common method of proposing an amendment]<br />Or<br />Method 2<br />By national constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 (34) of the state legislatures<br />[This method has never been used]<br />
  55. 55. To RATIFY an Amendment<br />Method 1<br />By legislatures in ¾ (38) of the states<br />[in all but one case, this is how amendments have been ratified]<br />Or<br />Method 2<br />Ratified through conventions in ¾ (38) of the states. <br />[Only been used once to ratify the 21st Amendment]<br />
  56. 56. Amendment Process<br />Methods of Proposal<br />Methods of Ratification<br />Method 1<br />By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate<br />Method 1<br />By legislatures in ¾ of the states<br />Or<br />Or<br />Method 2<br />Ratified through conventions in ¾ of the states. <br />Method 2<br />By national constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the state legislatures<br />
  57. 57. 13TH Amendment (1865)<br />Ended slavery in the United States<br />
  58. 58. 14TH Amendment (1868)<br />Equal protection under the law<br />Both national and state gov’ts must guarantee everyone their civil liberties<br />Defined citizenship<br />
  59. 59. 15TH Amendment (1870)<br /><ul><li>Cannot be denied the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  60. 60. All men gained the right to vote</li></li></ul><li>19TH Amendment (1920)<br /><ul><li>Women gained suffrage (right to vote)</li></li></ul><li>24TH Amendment (1964)<br />Elimination of poll taxes<br />Cannot be forced to pay a fee in order to vote<br />
  61. 61. 26TH Amendment (1971)<br />All citizens 18 years of age and older have the right to vote<br />
  62. 62. Exploring the Bill of RightsFor the 21st Century<br />
  63. 63. The First Amendment<br />Five Essential <br />Freedoms and Rights<br />
  64. 64. Freedom of Speech<br />Congress shall make no laws . . . <br />abridging the freedom of speech<br />
  65. 65. Freedom of Religion<br />Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise there of<br />
  66. 66. Freedom of the Press<br />Congress shall make no law . . .<br />abridging . . . the freedom of the<br />press.”<br />
  67. 67. Freedom of Assembly<br />Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . The people to peaceably assemble”<br />
  68. 68. Petition the Government<br />Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . . the people. . . to petition the government for a redress of grievances”<br />
  69. 69. 2nd Amendment<br />A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to bear arms shall not be infringed.<br />
  70. 70. 3rd Amendment<br />No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war. . . .<br />
  71. 71. 4th Amendment<br />The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, <br />shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, ….. particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized<br />
  72. 72. 5th Amendment<br />No person shall be held to answer for a … crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury <br />nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb<br />[double jeopardy]<br />nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself [self-incrimination]<br />
  73. 73. 5th Amendment<br />nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law<br />nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation [eminent domain]<br />
  74. 74. 6th Amendment<br />In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy<br />The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury<br />To be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation<br />To have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor<br />To have Assistance of Counsel for his defense<br />
  75. 75. 7th Amendment<br />In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved….<br />
  76. 76. Eighth Amendment<br />No excessive bail<br />No cruel and unusual punishment<br />
  77. 77. © 2004 Wadsworth Publishing / Thomson Learning™<br />States that Allow the Death Penalty<br />
  78. 78. 9th Amendment<br />The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people<br />[other rights may be protected even if not included in the Bill of Rights ex: right to privacy]<br />
  79. 79. 10th Amendment<br />The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.<br />[states&apos; rights]<br />
  80. 80. The Civil War Amendments<br />13th Amendment (1865) – neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States<br />14th Amendment (1868) – all persons born or naturalized in the United State are citizens<br />states cannot abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens<br />all persons (whether or not they are citizens) are entitled to due process<br />all persons are entitled to equal protection<br />15th Amendment (1870) – the right to vote shall not be denied because of race, color or previous condition of servitude<br />
  81. 81. The Voting Amendments<br /><ul><li>19th Amendment (1920) – Equal Suffrage – the right to vote should not be denied by any account of sex
  82. 82. 24th Amendment (1964) – Voting is free for all citizens and no poll tax or literacy test is required.
  83. 83. 26th Amendment (1971) – Voting age is lowered to 18. This was a result of the soldiers dying in the Vietnam War that were unable to vote, but could die for that president.</li></li></ul><li>The other Important ones...<br /><ul><li>18th Amendment (1919) – Prohibition of intoxicating liquors. This amendment made owning, manufacturing, and drinking alcohol illegal. This led to an increase in organized crime.
  84. 84. 21st Amendment (1933) – Repeal of 18th Amendment. This cancelled the 18th Amendment form the Constitution.
  85. 85. 22nd Amendment (1947) – Presidential Tenure. No person shall be elected to the office of the president for more than 2 terms. (Total of 8 years)
  86. 86. 25th Amendment (1965) – Presidential succession is revised to be a more descriptive system.</li>

×