Principles of the Constitution

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Principles of the Constitution

  1. 1. Principles of the Constitution<br />
  2. 2. The Constitution<br />Preamble<br />The Intro<br /><ul><li>Form a more perfect union
  3. 3. Establish justice
  4. 4. Insure domestic tranquility (peace)
  5. 5. Provide for the common defense
  6. 6. Promote the general welfare
  7. 7. Secure the blessings of liberty(freedom)</li></ul>Articles<br />The Main Course<br /><ul><li>7 articles create the three branches and describe rules for how government will work.
  8. 8. Reflect principles for government.</li></ul>Amendments<br />Changes<br /><ul><li>First ten – Bill of Rights (1791).
  9. 9. The Bill of Rights ensures the national government will protect personal freedoms.</li></li></ul><li>Which branch seems like it has most power?<br />Article 1 - The Legislative Branch<br />Section 1 - The Legislature<br />Section 2 - The House<br />Section 3 - The Senate<br />Section 4 - Elections, Meetings<br />Section 5 – Legislative Proceedings<br />Section 6 - Compensation<br />Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Veto<br />Section 8 - Powers of Congress<br />Section 9 - Limits on Congress<br />Section 10 - Powers Prohibited of States<br />Article 2 - The Executive Branch<br />Section 1 - The President<br />Section 2 - President’s Powers and Duties<br />Section 3 - State of the Union<br />Section 4 - Impeachment<br />Article 3 - The Judicial Branch<br />Section 1 - Judicial Powers<br />Section 2 - Trial by Jury<br />Section 3 - Treason<br />Article 4 - Relations Among States<br />Section 1 - Each State to Honor All Others<br />Section 2 - State Citizens, Extradition<br />Section 3 - New States<br />Section 4 - Republican Government<br />Article 5 - Provisions for Amendment<br />Article 6 - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths<br />Article 7 - Ratification<br />Bill of Rights: Protection of individual rights<br />Amendments: Formal changes to the Constitution <br />
  10. 10. Which branch seems like it has most power?<br />Article 1 - The Legislative Branch<br />Section 1 - The Legislature<br />Section 2 - The House<br />Section 3 - The Senate<br />Section 4 - Elections, Meetings<br />Section 5 – Legislative Proceedings<br />Section 6 - Compensation<br />Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Veto<br />Section 8 - Powers of Congress<br />Section 9 - Limits on Congress<br />Section 10 - Powers Prohibited of States<br />Article 2 - The Executive Branch<br />Section 1 - The President<br />Section 2 - President’s Powers and Duties<br />Section 3 - State of the Union<br />Section 4 - Impeachment<br />Article 3 - The Judicial Branch<br />Section 1 - Judicial Powers<br />Section 2 - Trial by Jury<br />Section 3 - Treason<br />Article 4 - Relations Among States<br />Section 1 - Each State to Honor All Others<br />Section 2 - State Citizens, Extradition<br />Section 3 - New States<br />Section 4 - Republican Government<br />Article 5 - Provisions for Amendment<br />Article 6 - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths<br />Article 7 - Ratification<br />Congress has more power because 1) it has more members, and 2) they are most directly responsible for representing your views.<br />Bill of Rights: Protection of individual rights<br />Amendments: Formal changes to the Constitution <br />
  11. 11. Basic Principles<br />Popular Sovereignty<br />Separation of Powers<br />Checks & Balances<br />Limited Government<br />Federalism<br />
  12. 12. Popular Sovereignty<br />Power to govern belongs to the people. Government must be based on the consent of the governed.<br />Expanded by amendments 15, 19, and 26 (gave the right to vote to non-whites, women, and 18 year olds).<br />
  13. 13. Separation of Powers<br />Division of government’s powers into three separate branches.<br />President – execute / administer laws.<br />Congress - make laws.<br />Courts – interpret / apply laws.<br />
  14. 14. Checks and Balances<br />Each branch of government has some control over the others.<br />Example:<br />Congress passes laws, but the President may veto those laws.<br />In turn, Congress may refuse to provide funds the President requests for implementing programs.<br />
  15. 15. Limited Government<br />Guarantees that government does not hold all the power, and that it does only those things that people allow it to do.<br />Examples: Presidents can be impeached, representatives voted out of office, judges denied confirmation by the Senate.<br />
  16. 16. Federalism<br />Division of governmental power between the national government and the states.<br />federal powers only: expressed powers<br />state powers only: reserved powers<br />both federal and state: concurrent powers<br />

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