Session Aims Database searching what to do and what not to do Wildcards, Boolean operators and Search filters Review and discussion of systematic literature reviews Exploring the main principles of the facet analysis
Research…… For those of you currently finding it hard remember…it is like learning any new language with rules and words and meanings. However….once learnt you know it for life. And it is worth the effort!
Research Skills…worth the effort. Aid with all the “project management” type skills like Planning, Implementation & Evaluation You will be able to critically evaluate research with ease which gives confidence in developing yours and others practice Ability to think and study autonomously….increased curiosity and developing/ pursuing new ideas.
Why search the literature Essential to maintain contemporary practice Supports best practice and facilitates evidence-based practice Searching skills are professional and academic life skills Practice makes perfect If you don’t do this already you will soon be addicted…..
Literature Search & LiteratureReview. Literature Search “a systematic process of identifying material that is appropriate” Literature Review Critical Appraisal and Evaluation of the material. “Succeeding in research project plans & Literature Reviews for Nursing Students” Andrew Whittaker, Graham Williamson, 2011.
What are you looking for? Books Journals Articles Primary research Secondary research Grey literature
Purpose of literature searches To Keep up-to-date with current research Help to influence practice using comprehensive literature searching Effective appraisal needs systematic searching and retrieval strategies Inadequate searching may mean important work is missed and erroneous conclusions made (Newell & Burnard, 2006)
Importance of SystematicLiterature Review Maximises the likelihood of finding relevant material Minimises the chances of being overwhelmed by irrelevant material The search and retrieval of literature according to set and transparent criteria enables work to be repeated by others.
National Institute for HealthResearch <iframe width="420" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/mAAfvXZPHtE " frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAAfvXZPHtE
Designing a search strategy Once a preliminary search of the literature has been conducted and a rigorous question is developed a search strategy should be planned Activity: with a partner consider what are the necessary components of a search strategy?
Search strategies Databases Search terms Sensitivity, spelling, abbreviations, alternatives Inclusion exclusion criteria Rationales, do these influence your question? Limitations Years, English, quality, subsequent bias Other resources
Some useful Databases British Nursing Index PsychInfo CINAHL Health Information Medline Resources EMBASE DARE Proquest Cochrane Library Relevant material may be found across medical, nursing, social sciences and perhaps business. No one database will be likely to search and capture the whole topic area. You will find duplication
Search terms P I C O Activity: In groups using a similar table explore the different possible spellings, alternative language and abbreviations that may apply to your question or topic.
Lets explore….. Look at some of the library e-resources….
EBSCOhost is a powerful online reference system accessible via the Internet or direct connection. It offers a variety of proprietary full text databases and popular databases from leading information providers. The comprehensive databases range from general reference collections to specially designed, subject-specific databases for public, academic, medical, corporate and school libraries.
Databases: Top tip Always conduct database searches separately i.e. do not combine a Medline and CINAHL search. Always use the advanced search page If you want to capture anything….click “anywhere in text”, if you want it central, then click “title” or “abstract”.
Truncation If you type in comput* EBSCO will find computer, computing, computed nurs* midwi* Be careful!
Wildcard Useful for Americanisms such as color, anemia pediatric etc If you type in ne?t EBSCO will find neat nest ne..t ne…t
Keep a record….. Search for simple search terms first and then combine later Keep track of the hit rate It is all part of capturing the academic rigour you have applied to your work.
Don’t get distracted!! Essential & Relevant Interesting but distracting!
References Aveyard, H, (2010). Doing a Literature Review in Health & Social Care: A Practical Guide. McGraw Hill Bowling, A, (2009). Research Methods in Health. M cGraw Hill. Hart, C, (2003). Doing a Literature Review. Open University Press. Polit, D.F, & Beck, C.T, (2010). Essentials of Nursing Research. Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins. Sackett, D.L, (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isnt http://www.bmj.com/content/312/7023/71.short