Wispt71 South Thailand
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By Samantha Chui, Chee Hui Ming, Siti Nadzirah, Josceline Foo

By Samantha Chui, Chee Hui Ming, Siti Nadzirah, Josceline Foo

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Wispt71 South Thailand Presentation Transcript

  • 1. South Thailand WISP - ASSIGNMENT2 IMAGINE - A world we can change, make better, and co-exist harmoniously Josceline Foo Nadzirah Hamzah Samantha Chui Chee Hui Ming T71
  • 2. Background Information Provinces: Yala, Pattani and Naranthiwat
    • Combined population - 1.7 million
    • Religion - mostly Muslims (10% of Thailand population)
    • Occupation
      • Owners of rubber plantations
      • Rubber tappers
      • Farmers
      • Fishermen
      • Fruit planters
    • Way of life: largely based on Islamic beliefs
  • 3. History
    • 1932, Thailand: from absolute monarchy to democracy
    • and promotes "Thainess" across the country
    • Policies: - To absorb other cultures as there must only
    • be one "Thai culture”
    • - Thais to dress in the same way
    • - Buddhism as national religion
    • Government sold smuggled rice while poor starved
    • Muslim women not allow to don headscarves
  • 4. History
    • Dusun Nyor rebellion (1948)
    • Southern Border Provinces Administrative Center (SBPAC)
    • and Civilian-Police-Military Force 43 in 1981 effectively
    • kept peace and order in region
    • In 2002, SBPAC & Force 43 dissolved
    • by Thaksin government
  • 5. Political Causes
    • State has been slow in decentralizing power to grassroots
    • administration organizations as required by the 1997
    • constitution
    • The lack of clear-cut solutions to the southern unrest
    • Frequent changes of officials responsible
    • for southern operations
    • External factors :
    • - 9/11 attacks on World Trade Center
    • - the sending of Thai soldiers to Iraq.
  • 6. Economic Causes
    • Corrupt government officials use power to generate wealth for Chinese businessmen while villagers are not making ends meet & getting discriminated against
    • Rubber: source of economic wealth in the three provinces, but only few Muslims have own plantations
    • Most rubber planting areas belong to
    • big investors
    • A slump in rubber prices
    • Violent attacks on innocent people - fear - can’t go
    • to plantations before sunrise to tap latex
  • 7. Cultural Causes
    • The Muslims way of life in southern Thailand are deeply
    • rooted in their Islamic culture
    • Thai government forces whole country to accept only “Thai”
    • culture and Buddhism
    • Refuses to understand these cultures and
    • deny cultural diversity
    • The Muslims, therefore, have nurtured grudges
    • from being insulted and treated unfairly
  • 8. How did these trigger the flare-up of the so-called Muslim insurgency
    • The Muslims were unhappy with Thai government: forced to
    • do things against own will
    • Often been neglected in the past esp. in the course of the
    • country’s development.
    • Thai government = heartless, insensitive and OBLIVIOUS
    • Pattanese perception -> Thai oppression -> part and parcel of a
    • global campaign aimed at suppressing Muslims worldwide
  • 9. (B) Singapore, 2009  2061
    • the adoption and emphasis on “Asian Values”
      • - “Western Values” seen as overtly liberal, unnecessary
    • One-party politics
      • - What happens to democracy?
  • 10. (B) Singapore, 2009  2061
    • Social Elitism
      • - blatantly & subconsciously inculcated
    • Economy: strong driving factor in Government decisions
      • Casino/IR issue
      • ‘ speak mandarin’ campaigns
    continued
  • 11. (C) What Can Be Done?
    • Recognition of Singapore as a gathering of diverse identities, rather than promoting a single one
    • Acceptance & consideration of a difference in opinion and beliefs
    • Stronger enforcement of meritocracy in
    • the education system
      • Polytechnic vs JC students going to university
    • Constant reminder of the dangers of gambling and
    • importance of family
      • Casino/IR issue
  • 12. Problems and Challenges
    • Government
      • Policies, etc.
    • Media
      • Strong tool of influence
    • Difficulty in changing public mindset
      • Of peers, academia, opinion leaders
      • Affective vs. Behavioural vs. Cognitive
  • 13.
    • Thank You!