Wispt71 South Thailand

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By Samantha Chui, Chee Hui Ming, Siti Nadzirah, Josceline Foo

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Wispt71 South Thailand

  1. 1. South Thailand WISP - ASSIGNMENT2 IMAGINE - A world we can change, make better, and co-exist harmoniously Josceline Foo Nadzirah Hamzah Samantha Chui Chee Hui Ming T71
  2. 2. Background Information Provinces: Yala, Pattani and Naranthiwat <ul><li>Combined population - 1.7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Religion - mostly Muslims (10% of Thailand population) </li></ul><ul><li>Occupation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners of rubber plantations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubber tappers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishermen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruit planters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Way of life: largely based on Islamic beliefs </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>1932, Thailand: from absolute monarchy to democracy </li></ul><ul><li>and promotes &quot;Thainess&quot; across the country </li></ul><ul><li>Policies: - To absorb other cultures as there must only </li></ul><ul><li> be one &quot;Thai culture” </li></ul><ul><li> - Thais to dress in the same way </li></ul><ul><li> - Buddhism as national religion </li></ul><ul><li>Government sold smuggled rice while poor starved </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim women not allow to don headscarves </li></ul>
  4. 4. History <ul><li>Dusun Nyor rebellion (1948) </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Border Provinces Administrative Center (SBPAC) </li></ul><ul><li>and Civilian-Police-Military Force 43 in 1981 effectively </li></ul><ul><li>kept peace and order in region </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002, SBPAC & Force 43 dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>by Thaksin government </li></ul>
  5. 5. Political Causes <ul><li>State has been slow in decentralizing power to grassroots </li></ul><ul><li>administration organizations as required by the 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of clear-cut solutions to the southern unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent changes of officials responsible </li></ul><ul><li>for southern operations </li></ul><ul><li>External factors : </li></ul><ul><li>- 9/11 attacks on World Trade Center </li></ul><ul><li>- the sending of Thai soldiers to Iraq. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economic Causes <ul><li>Corrupt government officials use power to generate wealth for Chinese businessmen while villagers are not making ends meet & getting discriminated against </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber: source of economic wealth in the three provinces, but only few Muslims have own plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Most rubber planting areas belong to </li></ul><ul><li>big investors </li></ul><ul><li>A slump in rubber prices </li></ul><ul><li>Violent attacks on innocent people - fear - can’t go </li></ul><ul><li>to plantations before sunrise to tap latex </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultural Causes <ul><li>The Muslims way of life in southern Thailand are deeply </li></ul><ul><li>rooted in their Islamic culture </li></ul><ul><li>Thai government forces whole country to accept only “Thai” </li></ul><ul><li>culture and Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Refuses to understand these cultures and </li></ul><ul><li>deny cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>The Muslims, therefore, have nurtured grudges </li></ul><ul><li>from being insulted and treated unfairly </li></ul>
  8. 8. How did these trigger the flare-up of the so-called Muslim insurgency <ul><li>The Muslims were unhappy with Thai government: forced to </li></ul><ul><li>do things against own will </li></ul><ul><li>Often been neglected in the past esp. in the course of the </li></ul><ul><li>country’s development. </li></ul><ul><li>Thai government = heartless, insensitive and OBLIVIOUS </li></ul><ul><li>Pattanese perception -> Thai oppression -> part and parcel of a </li></ul><ul><li>global campaign aimed at suppressing Muslims worldwide </li></ul>
  9. 9. (B) Singapore, 2009  2061 <ul><li>the adoption and emphasis on “Asian Values” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- “Western Values” seen as overtly liberal, unnecessary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One-party politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- What happens to democracy? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. (B) Singapore, 2009  2061 <ul><li>Social Elitism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- blatantly & subconsciously inculcated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economy: strong driving factor in Government decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casino/IR issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ speak mandarin’ campaigns </li></ul></ul>continued
  11. 11. (C) What Can Be Done? <ul><li>Recognition of Singapore as a gathering of diverse identities, rather than promoting a single one </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance & consideration of a difference in opinion and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger enforcement of meritocracy in </li></ul><ul><li>the education system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polytechnic vs JC students going to university </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constant reminder of the dangers of gambling and </li></ul><ul><li>importance of family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casino/IR issue </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Problems and Challenges <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong tool of influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in changing public mindset </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Of peers, academia, opinion leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affective vs. Behavioural vs. Cognitive </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>

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