Wisp Ppt1


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Wisp Ppt1

  1. 1. WISP Assignment 2<br />Thailand<br />Done By:<br />AmousKhoo<br />Lee Ming Xi<br />QudsiaJuwanda<br />Low Yu Xiang<br />Lincoln ting<br />
  2. 2. Content Page<br />Social Inequality in Thailand<br />Prejudices that lead to discrimination of Thai Muslim<br />Social, Economic, and political factors<br />Compare Thailand – Singapore<br />Solution addressed and Obstacles<br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Social Inequality in Southern Thailand<br />
  4. 4. Thailand government policy<br />Governed by Thaksin as the prime minister<br />Weak democratic institutions , the Muslim politicians and leaders remained silent in fear of repression.<br />Places Buddhists in Patani in order to outnumber the Muslims to weaken them.<br />
  5. 5. No Freedom and human rights<br />Muslim have been beaten, killed or disappeared during police questioning and custody<br />Soldiers and police have sometimes been indiscriminate when pursuing suspected insurgents resulting in civilian collateral damage.<br />
  6. 6. Injustice and unfairness among the Thailand society and government<br />There is not enough education opportunities given to the Muslim<br />Reduced employment opportunities<br />
  7. 7. Prejudices that lead to Discrimination<br />
  8. 8. Minority<br />Thai-Muslims are mostly found in the Southern Part of Thailand.<br />Mainly in Pattaya, Yala, Narathiwat<br />Thai Government, for years, neglected these provinces economically.<br />Most That-Muslims speak in Malay.<br />They insists on keeping their Muslim Heritage despite being told to change to hide their Muslim Identity.<br />
  9. 9. Culture<br />Thai Muslims are required to change their culture & language and identity but despite all that, they are still resentful.<br />This added to much confusion which became to a violent attacks with police & military.<br />
  10. 10. Education<br />Thai Muslims education system not taken into consideration, compulsory national education system for all.<br />No standardized education syllabus for Thai Muslims.<br />Religious school teach Islam as Main Subject and Thai-Malay as Main Language.<br />No subjects related to English, Mathematics, Social Sciences, Humanities.<br />Parents do not compromise any other subjects not related to Islam.<br />Students unable to compete with national level. <br />
  11. 11. Education<br />As a result, Thai Muslims grow up lacking education.<br />Studies shown that 60% of Thai Muslims in 2003 are unable to get a job.<br />This is due to different education level and poor ability to speak national language.<br />As a results, Thai-Muslims joined Terrorist Organizations<br />
  12. 12. Government<br />Students with Islamic Certificates are not allowed or given much opportunities.<br />They are rejected from leadership posts in State Bureaucracy.<br />Thai officials attempted to get rid of Malay identity from this provinces.<br />They feared that these people would not be loyal to the Thai State.<br />
  13. 13. Government<br />In order for the attempt to be a success, Officials labeled this people as “Thai-Muslims”.<br />This itself show how much they were treated differently from other citizens.<br />This also emphasize on the religion be in that Buddhism is practiced much more than Islam.<br />
  14. 14. Social, political and economic factors<br />
  15. 15. Social<br />the nature of violence in southern Thailand is primarily rooted in local grievances rather than radical Islamist ideology<br />Malay-Muslim community that is disenchanted with state policies that pay little regard to<br />Malay-Muslim identity, culture, and socio-economic grievances.  <br />the 1960s resettlement of northeastern Thais and to Thai cultural and economic imperialism in Pattani.<br />
  16. 16. Political<br />The insurgency is probably not caused by the lack of political representation among the Muslim population. <br />By the late 1990s, Muslims were holding senior posts in Thai politics,<br />Thaksin’s first government (2001–2005) also saw 14 Muslim MPs and several Muslim senators.<br />
  17. 17. Muslims were able to voice their political grievances more openly and enjoy a much greater degree of religious freedom. <br />Discontentment over the abuses led to the growing violence during 2004 and 2005. Muslim politicians and leaders remained silent in fear of losing their positon<br />In the 2005 general election, all but one of the eleven Muslim MPs who stood for election were voted out of office.<br />
  18. 18. Economic<br />Only 9.20% of Muslims have completed secondary education compared to 13.20% of Buddhists. <br />Muslims also had reduced employment opportunities compared to their Buddhist neighbors. <br />Jobs in the Thai public sector are difficult to obtain for those Muslim students<br />Muslims in the border provinces generally have lower levels of educational attainment compared to their Buddhist neighbors. <br />
  19. 19. Only 1.70% of the Muslim population have a bachelor’s degree, while 9.70% of Buddhists hold undergraduate degrees.<br />Government officials comprised only 2.4% of all working Muslims in the provinces, compared with 19.2% of all working Buddhists.<br />Insurgent attacks on economic targets are further reducing employment opportunities for both Muslims and Buddhists in the provinces.<br />
  20. 20. Compare Singapore & Thailand<br />
  21. 21. Compare Singapore & Thailand<br />Similarity: YES<br />Who? Discrimination against the minority: Indians. Because we feel that, they are from a different culture with a different well-being.<br />
  22. 22. Compare Singapore & Thailand<br />This is similar to the case in Southern Thailand where the Thai-Muslims are discriminated.<br />
  23. 23. Compare Singapore & Thailand<br />Possible Solutions: Apart from the daily national anthem and national pledge, cultural exchange programs within our own people are able to foster better relations among the different races.<br />
  24. 24. Solutions<br />
  25. 25. Education<br />Providing fair education opportunities for minority Thai-Muslims<br />Focus on other subjects besides Thai-Melayu<br />Inculcate positive thinking since young<br />
  26. 26. Jobs<br />Company should provide equal job opportunities for minority<br />Government should make company sign an agreement to prohibit any kinds of discrimination on minorities.<br />
  27. 27. Common Practices<br />actions for the people to carry out together<br />Promotes better cultural understanding among the dwellers. <br />Includes taking pledge together in school (like in Singapore)<br />common practice helps to foster national identity<br />see themselves as one people<br />
  28. 28. Culture and Religion<br />Conducting activities to promote cultural exchange between different race/ religions.<br />Gain better understanding of the cultures and customs of the minority <br />
  29. 29. Government <br />Exploring new systems of government<br />Recruit more Thai-Muslims in the legislative<br />Implement policies so that everyone is treated fairly<br />Safeguarding the interests of the minority group<br />Concerns and needs of the minority groups are made known to the government<br />
  30. 30. Conclusion<br />