“ Allah! There is no God but He. the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth.
Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills.
His throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (Quran 2:255)
Names of Allah 1-10 Allah The Greatest Name Ar-Rahman 1 The All-Compassionate Ar-Rahim 2 The All-Merciful Al-Malik 3 The Absolute Ruler Al-Quddus 4 The Pure One As-Salam 5 The Source of Peace Al-Mu'min 6 The Inspirer of Faith Al-Muhaymin 7 The Guardian Al-'Aziz 8 The Victorious Al-Jabbar 9 The Compeller Al-Mutakabbir 10 The Greatest
Names of Allah 11-20 Al-Khaliq 11 The Creator Al-Bari' 12 The Maker of Order Al-Musawwir 13 The Shaper of Beauty Al-Ghaffar 14 The Forgiving Al-Qahhar 15 The Subduer Al-Wahhab 16 The Giver of All Ar-Razzaq 17 The Sustainer Al-Fattah 18 The Opener Al-'Alim 19 The Knower of All Al-Qabid 20 The Constrictor
Al-Basit 21 The Reliever Al-Khafid 22 The Abaser Ar-Rafi' 23 The Exalter Al-Mu'izz 24 The Bestower of Honors Al-Mudhill 25 The Humiliator As-Sami 26 The Hearer of All Al-Basir 27 The Seer of All Al-Hakam 28 The Judge Al-'Adl 29 The Just Al-Latif 30 The Subtle One Names of Allah 21-30
Names of Allah 31-40 Al-Khabir 31 The All-Aware Al-Halim 32 The Forebearing Al-'Azim 33 The Magnificent Al-Ghafur 34 The Forgiver and Hider of Faults Ash-Shakur 35 The Rewarder of Thankfulness Al-'Ali 36 The Highest Al-Kabir 37 The Greatest Al-Hafiz 38 The Preserver Al-Muqit 39 The Nourisher Al-Hasib 40 The Accounter
Al-Jalil 41 The Mighty Al-Karim 42 The Generous Ar-Raqib 43 The Watchful One Al-Mujib 44 The Responder to Prayer Al-Wasi' 45 The All-Comprehending Al-Hakim 46 The Perfectly Wise Al-Wadud 47 The Loving One Al-Majíd 48 The Majestic One Al-Ba'ith 49 The Resurrector Ash-Shahid 50 The Witness Names of Allah 41-50
Al- Haqq 51 The Truth Al-Wakil 52 The Trustee Al-Qawi 53 The Possessor of All Strength Al-Matin 54 The Forceful One Al-Wáli 55 The Governor Al-Hamid 56 The Praised One Al-Muhsi 57 The Appraiser Al-Mubdi 58 The Originator Al-Mu'id 59 The Restorer Al-Muhyi 60 The Giver of Life Names of Allah 51-60
Al-Mumit 61 The Taker of Life Al-Hayy 62 The Ever Living One Al-Qayyum 63 The Self-Existing One Al-Wajid 64 The Finder Al-Májid 65 The Glorious Al-Wahid 66 The Only One Al-Ahad 67 The One As-Samad 68 The Satisfier of All Needs Al-Qadir 69 The All Powerful Al-Muqtadir 70 The Creator of All Power Names of Allah 61-70
Al-Muqaddim 71 The Expediter Al-Mu'akhkhir 72 The Delayer Al-Awwal 73 The First Al-Akhir 74 The Last Az-Zahir 75 The Manifest One Al-Batin 76 The Hidden One Al-Walí 77 The Protecting Friend Al-Muta'ali 78 The Supreme One Al-Barr 79 The Doer of Good At-Tawwib 80 The Guide to Repentance Names of Allah 71-80
Al-Muntaqim 81 The Avenger Al-Afu 82 The Forgiver Ar-Ra'uf 83 The Clement Malik al-Mulk 84 The Owner of All Dhul-JalaliWal-Ikram 85 The Lord of Majesty and Bounty Al-Muqsit 86 The Equitable One Al-Jami 87 The Gatherer Al-Ghani 88 The Rich One Al-Mughni 89 The Enricher Al-Mani' 90 The Preventer of Harm Names of Allah 81-90
Ad-Darr 91 The Creator of The Harmful An-Nafi 92 The Creator of Good An-Nur 93 The Light Al-Hadi 94 The Guide Al-Badi 95 The Originator Al-Baqi 96 The Everlasting One Al-Warith 97 The Inheritor of All Ar-Rashid 98 The Righteous Teacher As-Sabur 99 The Patient One Names of Allah 91-99
Human beings, by nature are fallible, short-sighted and frail.
Human beings needs guidance.
Allah is the Creator, Infallible, All-Knowing, All-Wise & Perfect.
Why need revelation when we have human reasoning?
Fact of life: Human knowledge is limited and fallible.
Thus, infallible guidance is needed.
Human reasoning sometimes cannot figure out the far reaching negative consequence of their actions (tobacco smoking, ozone layer depletions due to pollution, global warming)
Thus need guidance from an All-knowing entity to provide perfect guidance.
Revelation provides objective common moral values (objective).
Without objective moral values each group will claim they are right and will try to impose it as correct thus causing chaos. Gays will say homosexuality is Ok, and non-gays will say it is forbidden…who is to decide etc. Likewise there will always be a dividing line between people regarding abortion….who is to decide….leads to chaos on the society.
Herein comes is necessary for the objective guidance from our creator to prevent the chaos in the society.
Science cannot predicts the long term consequences of an action.
Science can change when new data is discovered
Science cannot satisfy spiritual and emotional hunger.
Science cannot provide answer to the purpose of our existence.
Muslims are required to believe in all the Books And who believe in that which has been revealed to you (Muhammed) and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter. (Quran 2.4) The Messenger (Muhammad ) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books , and His Messengers. They say, "We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers" - and they say, "We hear, and we obey. (Quran 2.285)
Injeel, Taurat, Zabur etc. given to Prophets Jesus, Moses and David were pure words of Allah.
Bible (Old Testament and New Testaments) contains words of historians, words of Prophets, words of eyewitnesses and may contain words of God.
Taurat given to Moses, as mentioned in the Quran, is NOT synonymous with the first five books of the Old Testament or the Old Testament. Injeel given to Jesus is NOT synonymous with the New Testament or the four Gospels. The word ‘Bible’ and the word ‘Gospels’ never occur in the Quran
‘ No Prophet could (ever) be false to his trust…’(Quran 3.161)
Prophets are infallible in the sense that they don’t commit any sin deliberately
But as humans they can make innocent errors of judgment.
Prophet Adam ‘forgot’ Allah’s warning against shaitan (20:115) and so slipped into disobedience (2:36).
Prophet Muhammad (s) made an error of judgment concerning the blind man (80:1-10).
If our role models are angels, then our complain will be, ‘well they are angels, they don’t commit sin…we can never be like them’.
If our role models are human beings committing major sins, then our excuse will be…’why follow another human being who is as bad as we are’.
Thus, a prophet in Islam is a human being who refrains from any major or deliberate sins, and also is a human being prone to errors of judgment and then asking for Allah’s forgiveness. Therefore prophets in Islam retain credibility and we can trust in their conveying of Allah’s message to us.
“ And shown him (humans) the two ways (good and evil)?” (Quran 90.10)
“ And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve” (18.29)
Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah Hears and Knows all things. (2.256)