ISLAM - Islamic Beliefs


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Description of Islamic Beliefs. For more information on Islam call: 800-662-ISLAM. Sabeel Ahmed

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  • The book titled 'Natural World Order & The Islamic Thought' presents an entirely different perspective which is available on slideshare in my profile and which may be read with following clarifications and additional information..
    After the book was got printed the actual meaning of two verses of the Quran was conceived which could help a great deal in understanding the contents of the book and the Quran. The verses are :-
    2-1 “Alif lam Meem; There is absolutely no doubt in this book which will show right way to the believers.”
    For last 1400 years it was presumed by almost all scholars that the reference of the book which would show right way to the believers is to the Quran but it has the reference to the very well defined book of innate moral law which is inscribed on the souls of every human being. It was the philosopher Thomas Aquinas who first conceived philosophically that humans have innate moral law. Later Kant, one of the great philosophers, has thrashed out the book of innate moral law in humans.
    2-41 “ ....And believe in this book (Quran) which I have revealed to substantiate the books with you….”
    Almost all scholars believe that in this verse it is stated that the book (Quran) substantiates the previous books of Bible, Torah & Zabour. But how can Quran substantiate these books which were in the corrupted form at the time when Quran was revealed. Paul had corrupted the Bible by stating that Jesus Christ (May God Be Pleased With Him) has already suffered for the sins of the mankind. If this is accepted then Christians are logically free to commit sins which is against the essence of Quran and Islam. Actually the meaning of the verse is that the book (Quran) substantiates the book of innate moral law which is inscribed on the human souls. Thus Quran is a certificate and authentication of the book of innate moral law inscribed on the human souls. Now when we analyze the book of innate moral law; we could derive the social law, social-political structure and even the purpose of human life.
    The word energy used in the book has dual has dual meaning as at some places it has the usual meaning as understood in adopted physical sciences whereas at some places it has the meaning of the basic substance of soul, the substance responsible for the livingness in the living organisms including humans, matter and the substance wherein the information of actions of life time of the humans are stored.
    On the bases of contents of this book followings scientific papers have been published in peer-reviewed journals.
    1. Experimental & Theoretical Evidences of Fallacy of Space-time Concept and Actual State of Existence of the Physical Universe
    2. Foundation of Theory of Everything: Non-living Things & Living Things (Revised version on World Science Database, General Science Journal, Vixra and in my profile)
    3.Michelson-Morley Experiment: A Misconceived & Misinterpreted Experiment
    4. Energy Theory of Matter & Cosmology (Revised version on World Science Database, General Science Journal, Vixra and in my profile)
    5. 'On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies' by Albert Einstein is Based on Trickeries ( Feb.2012)
    6.Ultimate Proof of Energy Theory of Matter & Cosmology
    7. Theory of Origin & Phenomenon of Life
    (These publications are available at (March 2012,oct 2010, oct 2011,Aug 2010),, viXra, Intellectual Archives & in my profile.)
    On the bases of above-mentioned papers an open challenge has been put forward to the adopted paradigm of physics because under Big Bang paradigm there is absolutely no possibility of existence of God for following reasons.
    1. Philosophically for existence; it has to be some substance (visible, invisible, perceivable or not perceivable) and this applies to God also. Substances occupy space but there is absolutely no space for God to exist at the time of Big Bang & before.
    2. Four things come out of Big Bang namely space, time, matter & light/radiation. We cannot look for eternal God in space & time as both had the beginning; secondly humans are in a position to produce all types of light/radiation and something which humans can produce could not be the God and since matter is made up of electrons, protons & neutrons these too could not be the God.
    Open challenge (which is standing till date despite the lapse of about two years) could be seen at and
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  • Gog is one ,,ask any child he will tell you

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    المهندس عبدالله علي علام
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  • Allah is one and ask any child who will tell you
    eng abdullah ali allam
    المهندس عبدالله علي علام
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ISLAM - Islamic Beliefs

  1. 2. Definition of Islamic terms
  2. 3. Belief & Action
  3. 4. Seven Fundamental Beliefs in Islam
  4. 6. Who is Allah?
  5. 10. The names Allah and God
  6. 11. <ul><li>Attributes of Allah are not just for us to know them or understand them. </li></ul><ul><li>But for us to ponder on them and connect with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Allah is All-Seeing </li></ul><ul><li>What does this attributes of Allah mean to us? </li></ul><ul><li>How should we live our life knowing this sublime attribute of Allah? </li></ul>How to benefit from Allah’s Attributes?
  7. 13. Allah is the sole Creator (Al – Khaliq)
  8. 14. <ul><li>“ Allah! There is no God but He. the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. </li></ul><ul><li>His throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (Quran 2:255) </li></ul>Allah doesn’t rest nor need to get refreshed
  9. 15. Allah alone is worthy of worship
  10. 16. Allah Begets not, nor is begotten
  11. 17. None is equal to Allah
  12. 18. Allah is All-Knowing (Al-Khabir)
  13. 19. Allah is the Sustainer (Ar-Razzaq)
  14. 20. Allah is the giver and taker of life
  15. 21. Allah – The Judge on the Day of Judgment
  16. 22. Allah is The First & The Last
  17. 23. Allah is The Most Loving
  18. 24. Names of Allah 1-10 Allah   The Greatest Name Ar-Rahman 1 The All-Compassionate Ar-Rahim 2 The All-Merciful Al-Malik 3 The Absolute Ruler Al-Quddus 4 The Pure One As-Salam 5 The Source of Peace Al-Mu'min 6 The Inspirer of Faith Al-Muhaymin 7 The Guardian Al-'Aziz 8 The Victorious Al-Jabbar 9 The Compeller Al-Mutakabbir 10 The Greatest
  19. 25. Names of Allah 11-20 Al-Khaliq 11 The Creator Al-Bari' 12 The Maker of Order Al-Musawwir 13 The Shaper of Beauty Al-Ghaffar 14 The Forgiving Al-Qahhar 15 The Subduer Al-Wahhab 16 The Giver of All Ar-Razzaq 17 The Sustainer Al-Fattah 18 The Opener Al-'Alim 19 The Knower of All Al-Qabid 20 The Constrictor
  20. 26. Al-Basit 21 The Reliever Al-Khafid 22 The Abaser Ar-Rafi' 23 The Exalter Al-Mu'izz 24 The Bestower of Honors Al-Mudhill 25 The Humiliator As-Sami 26 The Hearer of All Al-Basir 27 The Seer of All Al-Hakam 28 The Judge Al-'Adl 29 The Just Al-Latif 30 The Subtle One Names of Allah 21-30
  21. 27. Names of Allah 31-40 Al-Khabir 31 The All-Aware Al-Halim 32 The Forebearing Al-'Azim 33 The Magnificent Al-Ghafur 34 The Forgiver and Hider of Faults Ash-Shakur 35 The Rewarder of Thankfulness Al-'Ali 36 The Highest Al-Kabir 37 The Greatest Al-Hafiz 38 The Preserver Al-Muqit 39 The Nourisher Al-Hasib 40 The Accounter
  22. 28. Al-Jalil 41 The Mighty Al-Karim 42 The Generous Ar-Raqib 43 The Watchful One Al-Mujib 44 The Responder to Prayer Al-Wasi' 45 The All-Comprehending Al-Hakim 46 The Perfectly Wise Al-Wadud 47 The Loving One Al-Majíd 48 The Majestic One Al-Ba'ith 49 The Resurrector Ash-Shahid 50 The Witness Names of Allah 41-50
  23. 29. Al- Haqq 51 The Truth Al-Wakil 52 The Trustee Al-Qawi 53 The Possessor of All Strength Al-Matin 54 The Forceful One Al-Wáli 55 The Governor Al-Hamid 56 The Praised One Al-Muhsi 57 The Appraiser Al-Mubdi 58 The Originator Al-Mu'id 59 The Restorer Al-Muhyi 60 The Giver of Life Names of Allah 51-60
  24. 30. Al-Mumit 61 The Taker of Life Al-Hayy 62 The Ever Living One Al-Qayyum 63 The Self-Existing One Al-Wajid 64 The Finder Al-Májid 65 The Glorious Al-Wahid 66 The Only One Al-Ahad 67 The One As-Samad 68 The Satisfier of All Needs Al-Qadir 69 The All Powerful Al-Muqtadir 70 The Creator of All Power Names of Allah 61-70
  25. 31. Al-Muqaddim 71 The Expediter Al-Mu'akhkhir 72 The Delayer Al-Awwal 73 The First Al-Akhir 74 The Last Az-Zahir 75 The Manifest One Al-Batin 76 The Hidden One Al-Walí 77 The Protecting Friend Al-Muta'ali 78 The Supreme One Al-Barr 79 The Doer of Good At-Tawwib 80 The Guide to Repentance Names of Allah 71-80
  26. 32. Al-Muntaqim 81 The Avenger Al-Afu 82 The Forgiver Ar-Ra'uf 83 The Clement Malik al-Mulk 84 The Owner of All Dhul-JalaliWal-Ikram 85 The Lord of Majesty and Bounty Al-Muqsit 86 The Equitable One Al-Jami 87 The Gatherer Al-Ghani 88 The Rich One Al-Mughni 89 The Enricher Al-Mani' 90 The Preventer of Harm Names of Allah 81-90
  27. 33. Ad-Darr 91 The Creator of The Harmful An-Nafi 92 The Creator of Good An-Nur 93 The Light Al-Hadi 94 The Guide Al-Badi 95 The Originator Al-Baqi 96 The Everlasting One Al-Warith 97 The Inheritor of All Ar-Rashid 98 The Righteous Teacher As-Sabur 99 The Patient One Names of Allah 91-99
  28. 34. The World of
  29. 35. What are Angels created from?
  30. 36. Who are Jinns?
  31. 37. Angels are always obedient to Allah
  32. 38. World of angels
  33. 39. Angels bowed down to Adam
  34. 40. Was satan a fallen angel?
  35. 41. Why did Allah make angels to worship Adam? <ul><li>Allah commanded angels (and satan) to prostrate to Adam. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah wanted to honor Adam (humans) as the best of HIS creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The arabic word used is ‘Sujood’ = Prostrate </li></ul><ul><li>Allah did not used the word ‘Abudoo’ = worship </li></ul><ul><li>In many cultures, people bow down to each other for respect. Are they worshipping each other? </li></ul>
  36. 42. Some prominent Angels
  37. 44. Allah – The Best Guide <ul><li>Human beings, by nature are fallible, short-sighted and frail. </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings needs guidance. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah is the Creator, Infallible, All-Knowing, All-Wise & Perfect. </li></ul>
  38. 45. Why need revelation when we have human reasoning? <ul><li>Fact of life: Human knowledge is limited and fallible. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, infallible guidance is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Human reasoning sometimes cannot figure out the far reaching negative consequence of their actions (tobacco smoking, ozone layer depletions due to pollution, global warming) </li></ul><ul><li>Thus need guidance from an All-knowing entity to provide perfect guidance. </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation provides objective common moral values (objective). </li></ul><ul><li>Without objective moral values each group will claim they are right and will try to impose it as correct thus causing chaos. Gays will say homosexuality is Ok, and non-gays will say it is forbidden…who is to decide etc. Likewise there will always be a dividing line between people regarding abortion….who is to decide….leads to chaos on the society. </li></ul><ul><li>Herein comes is necessary for the objective guidance from our creator to prevent the chaos in the society. </li></ul>
  39. 46. Science cannot provide all answers <ul><li>Science cannot predicts the long term consequences of an action. </li></ul><ul><li>Science can change when new data is discovered </li></ul><ul><li>Science cannot satisfy spiritual and emotional hunger. </li></ul><ul><li>Science cannot provide answer to the purpose of our existence. </li></ul>
  40. 47. Muslims are required to believe in all the Books And who believe in that which has been revealed to you (Muhammed) and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter. (Quran 2.4) The Messenger (Muhammad ) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books , and His Messengers. They say, &quot;We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers&quot; - and they say, &quot;We hear, and we obey. (Quran 2.285)
  41. 48. Some Books sent by Allah <ul><li>Tawrat – To Prophet Moses (Musa) </li></ul><ul><li>Zabur – To Prophet David (Dawud) </li></ul><ul><li>Injil – To Prophet Jesus (Isa) </li></ul><ul><li>Quran – To Prophet Muhammed (s) </li></ul><ul><li>Quran also mentions the Sahifa (scrolls) of Ibrahim (Abraham) </li></ul>
  42. 49. Status of Books besides the Quran
  43. 50. What about the Bible? <ul><li>Injeel, Taurat, Zabur etc. given to Prophets Jesus, Moses and David were pure words of Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Bible (Old Testament and New Testaments) contains words of historians, words of Prophets, words of eyewitnesses and may contain words of God. </li></ul>Taurat given to Moses, as mentioned in the Quran, is NOT synonymous with the first five books of the Old Testament or the Old Testament. Injeel given to Jesus is NOT synonymous with the New Testament or the four Gospels. The word ‘Bible’ and the word ‘Gospels’ never occur in the Quran
  44. 52. Allah appoints Prophets <ul><li>According to Islam, Allah appointed 124,000 Prophets for nations of the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Names of 25 Prophets are mentioned in the Quran (Peace and blessings of Allah on them) </li></ul><ul><li>First Prophet – Adam (s) </li></ul><ul><li>Last Prophet – Muhammed (s) </li></ul>
  45. 54. What was the religion of all the Prophets? Ibrahim (Abraham) was not a Jew nor a Christian but he was (an) upright (man), a Muslim, and he was not one of the polytheists. (Quran 3:67)
  46. 55. Do Prophets commit sins? <ul><li>‘ No Prophet could (ever) be false to his trust…’(Quran 3.161) </li></ul><ul><li>Prophets are infallible in the sense that they don’t commit any sin deliberately </li></ul><ul><li>But as humans they can make innocent errors of judgment. </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Adam ‘forgot’ Allah’s warning against shaitan (20:115) and so slipped into disobedience (2:36). </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Muhammad (s) made an error of judgment concerning the blind man (80:1-10). </li></ul><ul><li>If our role models are angels, then our complain will be, ‘well they are angels, they don’t commit sin…we can never be like them’. </li></ul><ul><li>If our role models are human beings committing major sins, then our excuse will be…’why follow another human being who is as bad as we are’. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, a prophet in Islam is a human being who refrains from any major or deliberate sins, and also is a human being prone to errors of judgment and then asking for Allah’s forgiveness. Therefore prophets in Islam retain credibility and we can trust in their conveying of Allah’s message to us. </li></ul>
  47. 56. Role of the Prophets
  48. 57. Last Prophet = Prophet Muhammed (s)
  49. 58. Important to follow the ‘Sunnah’ of Prophet Muhammed (s) <ul><li>‘ Sunnah’ = Example of Prophet Muhammed (s), his actions, his words, how he lived, his approvals etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Life history of none of the previous prophets were preserved except that of Prophet Muhammed. </li></ul><ul><li>Every detail of his life is preserved </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation of the Quran and how to implement it in our life and society is preserved. </li></ul>
  50. 60. Life is not fair!
  51. 61. Why believe in the Afterlife? <ul><li>Credible Book (Quran) mentioned it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All the prophecies of the Quran came true as mentioned: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victory of Romans over Persians – Prophesied in 614 CE, fulfilled in 623 cE (Quran 30: 2-4) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body of Pharaoh will be preserved (10.92) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims will enter Makkah (Mecca) victoriously (48.28-28) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humans will travel to space (55.33) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  52. 62. Logical Belief in the Hereafter - 1
  53. 63. Logical Belief in the Hereafter - 2
  54. 64. <ul><li>Credible Person - Prophet Muhammed -mentioned it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He never lied in his life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was the most honest, just, sincere, best person in the society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prophecies mentioned by him all came true </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Martyrdom of Caliph Umar and Caliph Uthman (Bukhari) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victory over Byzantine, Persia, Syria, Yemen, Egypt (Muslims) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims will conquer Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of Islam (Bukhari) </li></ul></ul></ul>Why believe in the Afterlife?
  55. 65. Why believe in the Afterlife?
  56. 66. Quranic Verses on the Hereafter <ul><li>What! did you then think that We(Allah – Plural of Authority) had created you in vain and that you shall not be returned to Us? (Quran 23.115) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;And march forth in the way (to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who have Taqwa (God-Consciousness).&quot; (3:133) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;And fear the fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers&quot; (3:131) </li></ul>More than One third of the Quran deals with life in the Hereafter!
  57. 67. Journey of a soul - Believer <ul><li>Angle of death, Izraeel, extracts the soul </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasant Angels wraps up the soul, ascends with it to seventh heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Soul deeds will be registered in the book of registry </li></ul><ul><li>Soul brought back to earth and returned to body </li></ul><ul><li>Two angels will visit the grave and ask the dead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is your Lord, What is your religion, Who is this man sent among you (Muhammed)? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grave will widen and window to paradise open in the grave </li></ul><ul><li>Time of Barzak – state between death and resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Day of Resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Day of accountably </li></ul><ul><li>Placement into paradise – Eternal. </li></ul>
  58. 68. Journey of a soul - disbeliever <ul><li>Angle of death, Izraeel, extracts the soul – Painful extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Fierce Angels wraps up the soul, ascends with it to seventh heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Soul deeds will be registered in the book of registry </li></ul><ul><li>Soul thrown back to earth and returned to body </li></ul><ul><li>Two angels will visit the grave and ask the dead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is your Lord, What is your religion, Who is this man sent among you (Muhammed)? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grave will shrink and window to hell open in the grave </li></ul><ul><li>Time of Barzak – state between death and resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Day of Resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Day of accountably </li></ul><ul><li>Placement into Hell – Eternal. </li></ul>
  59. 69. Without a Hereafter & Accountability …
  60. 71. Firm belief in Hereafter & Accountability will bring…
  61. 73. Definition: Qadar = Due Measure
  62. 74. Belief in Qadar
  63. 75. Free choice <ul><li>“ And shown him (humans) the two ways (good and evil)?” (Quran 90.10) </li></ul><ul><li>“ And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve” (18.29) </li></ul><ul><li>Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah Hears and Knows all things. (2.256) </li></ul>
  64. 76. Things in which we DON’T have a choice <ul><li>Our place of birth born </li></ul><ul><li>Who we are born to </li></ul><ul><li>Our time of birth </li></ul><ul><li>Our gender </li></ul><ul><li>Our skin color </li></ul>Allah is All-Just (Al-‘Adl) and the Best Judge (Al-Hakam)
  65. 77. Things where we DO have a choice <ul><li>Acceptance or rejection of monotheism </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance or rejection of all Prophets including Prophet Muhammed (s) </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance or rejection of the guidance, the Dos and Don’ts </li></ul><ul><li>Our Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Our Intentions </li></ul>
  66. 78. Quran – Guidance for Humanity
  67. 79. Contact Info. for Islam