Biography Imam Syafi'i

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A Biography Imam Syafi'i
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Biography Imam Syafi'i

  1. 1. Biography of Imam al-Shafi'i Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  2. 2. In the name of allah the most gracious the most merciful Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  3. 3. What is his real name? Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  4. 4. Name: Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Idrees Al- Shafi’i (radiallahu anhu) Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  5. 5. Name: He was a descendant from the Quraish tribe* He is the Only Imam who is related to Rasulullah (saw) Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  6. 6. Quraish tribe Quraysh or Quraish (transliteration: Qurayš. Other transliterations include quot;Qureshquot;, quot;Qurayshquot;, quot;Koreishquot; and quot;Coreishquot;. Turkish: Kurey) was the dominant tribe of Mecca upon the appearance of the religion of Islam. It was the tribe to which the Islamic Prophet Muhammad belonged, as well as the tribe that led the initial opposition to his message. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  7. 7. Where & when was his Born? Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  8. 8. Born: Born in Gaza, Palestine in 150 A.H. (765 A.C.) (A.H.) means after hijriah (A.C.) means after century Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  9. 9. Gaza Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  10. 10. Syria Gaza Jordan Palestine Egypt Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  11. 11. Born: He lost his father during infancy and was raised by his mother under very poor circumstances Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  12. 12. Early Life Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  13. 13. Early life He completed Hifz/ memorising all of the Quran at the tender age of 7 years old. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  14. 14. Memorising the Quran at the age of 7 flickr by www.welltaken.co.uk Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  15. 15. Early life 13 ..and at the age of memorized the Kitabul Muwatta’* of Imam Malik Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  16. 16. Kitabul Muwatta’ e Muwatta is an early statement of Muslim law, compiled and edited by Imam Malik. It is considered the earliest extant source of hadith, the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad that form the basis of Islamic jurisprudence alongside the Qur'an. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  17. 17. Early life he was a mufti (given authorization to issue fatwa) at the age of 15. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  18. 18. Early life He spent most of his time among the Bedouins* outside Makka, to acquire a good knowledge of the ARABIC Language Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  19. 19. Bedouins flickr by david_rombaut Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  20. 20. Bedouins e Bedouin, (from the Arabic badawī , pl. badū), are predominantly Muslim, desert-dwelling Arab nomadic pastoralist, or previously nomadic group, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. Non-Arab groups as well, notably the Beja of the African coast of the Red Sea, are sometimes called Bedouin. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  21. 21. Early education 20, At the age of he went to (170 A.H. / 785 A.C.) Madina and became a student of Imam Malik Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  22. 22. Madina Bedouins Makkah Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  23. 23. Early education He also learned with, 81 Shiekhs* from all of whom he acquired the knowledge of the Quran, Hadith & Sunnah Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  24. 24. Shiekh Sheikh, also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, and other variants (Arabic: shaykh; pl. shuyūkh), is a word or honorific term in the Arabic language that literally means quot;elderquot;. It is commonly used to designate an elder of a tribe, a revered wise man, or an Islamic scholar. Although the title generally refers to a male person, there existed in history also a very small number of female sheikhs. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  25. 25. Arrested Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  26. 26. Arrested In 184 A.H. / 799 A.C., Imam Shafi’i was arrested and taken to Baghdad Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  27. 27. Baghdad, Iraq From Madina Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  28. 28. Arrested ...to appear before Haroon Ar-Rasheed on trumped up charges of treason Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  29. 29. Arrested It was due to the recommendation of Imam Muhammad (the state Qazi* and student of Imam Abu Hanifa) that Imam Shafi’i was discharged Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  30. 30. Qazi Qazi (also known as Qadi or Kazi or Kadi) is a judge ruling in accordance with the sharia, Islamic religious law. Because Islam makes no distinction between religious and secular domains, qadis traditionally have jurisdiction over all legal matters involving Muslims. e judgment of a qadi must be based on ijma, the prevailing consensus of the ulema, Islamic scholars. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  31. 31. 3 years with Imam Muhammad Imam Shafi’i remained in Baghdad as a student of Imaam Muhammad for over 3 years to add further to his knowledge of Islamic Law Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  32. 32. 3 years with Imam Muhammad In Baghdad, he developed his first madhab*, influenced by the teachings of both Imam Abu Hanifa (from Imam Muhammad) and Imam Malik. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  33. 33. Madhab Madhhab or in Urdu Mazhab is an Islamic school of law, or fiqh (religious jurisprudence). In the first 150 years of Islam, there were many such quot;schoolsquot; - in fact, several of the Sahābah, or contemporary quot;companionsquot; of Muhammad, are credited with founding their own. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  34. 34. 3 years with Imam Muhammad Thus, his work there is known as “al Madhab al Qadim lil Imam as Shafi’i,” or the Old School of ash-Shafi'i. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  35. 35. Back in Makkah Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  36. 36. Baghdad, Iraq Makkah Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  37. 37. Back in Makkah He returned to Makkah where he stayed for 9 years delivering lectures on Islamic Law. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  38. 38. Back in Makkah It was during this period that Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal came into contact with Imam Shafi’i Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  39. 39. To Egypt Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  40. 40. Cairo, Egypt Makkah Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  41. 41. To Egypt In 199 A.H., he went to Egypt where he was received with much honour and respect. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  42. 42. To Egypt It appears that all of his surviving writings were done in retirement in Egypt during the last 5 years of his life. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  43. 43. He authored more than 100 books. Al-Risala — The best known book by al-Shafi'i in which he examined usul al-fiqh (sources of jurisprudence): the Qur'an, the Sunnah, qiyas (analogy), and ijma' (scholarly consensus). Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  44. 44. He authored more than 100 books. Kitab al-Umm — his main surviving text on Shafi'i fiqh Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  45. 45. His death He died in Fustat, Cairo, Egypt. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  46. 46. Tahrir To Giza Qal’a Salahuddin Fustat, Cairo Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  47. 47. His death On Friday evening after Maghrib, 29th RAJAB, 204 A.H. (20th JAN; 820 A.C.) after a short illness. Age of 54 years. Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  48. 48. As-Syafi’i Mosque Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  49. 49. A Ship, Because of As-Syafi’i Mosque his long journey Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  50. 50. The Mausoleum of Imam al-Shafi'i Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  51. 51. Wallahu ‘alam Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars
  52. 52. Please rate More slides on islam at http://syukran.org tell a friend Imam al-Shafi'i © Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars

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