Islam 101


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A great presentation for educators, activists or just those who are curious about Islam. The presentations covers the Purpose of Life, the Belief system and Practice of Islam. It also covers common misconceptions about Islam and Muslims.

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  • * Changed title from “Summary” to “Outline”
    * Listed basic preview
  • Purpose of Life slide
    Include recitation of a verse talking about the purpose of life.
    Possible choices: (4:123-126), (16:89-90), (51:56)
    * CHECK OUT JUHANY (Mecca Qari)
  • * Seems to come from a non-Muslim perspective
    * Changed “name of God” to Deity; put “God” in parenthesis after “Allah”
    * Maybe the slide could just have 3 pts (no table) under heading “What is Islam”: - Monotheism (believe Allah), Revealed book = Qur’an, follow Prophet Muhammad (this approach relates to next slide)
    True Monotheism
    His Name and his oneness
    Try using a table format to organize the content
    A way of life
  • Bolded & underlined text
    Maybe take out the writing under each section (just keep quran and sunnah – that’s it) the rest should be speaking points.
    Maybe title it “Where does it come from?”
  • * Speaker pt: need to establish definition/distinction of “Islam” & “Muslim” here so that later slide is indeed a “recap”
    Include more relevant pictures that speak to Americans (white)
    Speaking Points: Anyone can be a Muslim
    Include Muslim Greetings
  • Change “Pillars of Faith” to “What do Muslims believe?”
  • Speaking Points
    Nothing worthy of worship except Allah
    Allah Has no gender, race or ethnicity
    Same God of Moses, Jesus & other Prophets
    Signs of existence
  • *Maybe shift this slide before the “Allah” slide (as an introduction) AND/OR use ayat al-Kursi instead- this would allow for verses dealing with signs of creation to be used at the end of the slide.
    Surat Al Iklhas & Recitation
  • * Change 66:6 to “al-Tahrim: verse 6”
    Many Angels with specific duties
    Maybe have a different verse including prostrating to Adam?
    Don’t spend too much time on this slide
  • Prophet – define who a prophet is
    Live righteously because we will be accountable for our deeds… vs. other religions.
  • Prophet Mohammad (saw) slide
    I think we need to change this slide up a bit.
    Put a heading of “Brief History
    Lamartine was an Famous 18th Century French Thinker
    Maybe add that he was an orphan, non-literate and some miracles maybe.
    * Added main pts.
    * Maybe add brief video of story w/ recitation of first 5 verses of “Iqra”
  • Try using table format
    Implement somehow the concept of progressive revelation. i.e. use numbering and stress in explanation
    * Arabic in italics? (more focus on familiar English names + prophets)
    *Verses describing relation of Qur’an to previous scriptures (transition into next slide)
    Possible verses: (3:3), (35:31)
    I think we should take out this verse and have the verse from Surat Al Ma’idah 46-48 and then that will be an even easier transition.
    * Include recitation in Arabic on this slide and english translation
  • Allah’s Ultimate Plan
    Similarities between Faiths
    Similarities between Practices
    Islam is the only religion that offers an explanation that makes complete sense
    Drill the concept of successive revelations
    Islam is the only religion that offers an explanation for all three religions
    Surat Al Ma’idah 46-48.
    Surat Ale Imran 84 or Surat Ale Imran 199
  • Minor editing of wording
    Add 15:9 to this slide (about Allah protecting the Qur’an)
    Revealed over 23 years… explain.
    Most read and memorzied in the world
    10 million – cite this information
    Research where the original qur’ans are
    Preservation of Arabic language
  • Include Audio of the Qur’an – Surat Al Fatiha
    - This is a 700 year old copy of the Qur’an belonging to Sultan Baybar
  • * Edited first line & 2nd bullet pt- Parenthesis
    Split into two slides.
    Call it “Life after Death”
    Death – 3:185
    you can only enter Heaven with the Mercy of Allah
    Detailed description of heaven and hell
  • * Changed first word & first bullet point (still not satisfied w/ wording)
    * Speaker pt: Life is a test, so put through certain hardships to be tested (Prophets & Righteous tested the most)
    Predestination – the idea that everything is already set and we’re just going thru the motions
    Freedom of choice
  • Talk about beliefs vs. actions
    Duties of a muslim
    What do muslims do
    Actions of a muslim
  • * Changed transliteration to italics
  • * Changed “worship” to “pray”
    * Possible verses: (4:103), (11:114), (17:78-79), (20:130), (2:238)
    * Maybe instead of listing the timings, we could list some of the things said in prayer (standing, ruku’, sujud)
    Explain what Islamic Prayer is
    Find a verse: Indeed prayer will tanha… (LOOK UP THIS VERSE)
    Constant relationship with Allah, no intermediaries
    Explain duaa vs. prayer and non-mandatory prayers
  • Use better pictures and in sequence
  • * Changed wording a bit (shortened as much as possible)
    Definition of zakah
    Amount we pay
    To whom it can be paid to
    Compared to 40% tax in this country
  • * Possible verse: 2:185
    * Don’t list so many benefits of fasting (limit to 3 or 4)- suggest taking out “purifying one’s body”
    * Re-worded last bullet point
    Add Islamic Holiday
    Primary reason on why we fast. Ordained by god – if you fast from something that is ok to do, you won’t do anything wrong.
    What is included in the fast
    No one knows that you’re fasting, so its done ONLY for the sake of Allah (swt)
    Prophets and fasting )i.e David and how it gets you closer to Allah (swT)
  • Add Islamic Holiday
    Add the concept of “Ihram” and the ideals behind it… mention it in the picture as well
    Add “if they are able”
    Benefits: Equality, Patience, Forgiveness
    Include Malcolm X quote – concise and short
  • Written on the slide: The Kaabah was built by Abraham and Ishmael as the first place for people to worship the one God.
    Video of Hajj: during prayer
  • What about Mozlem or Muzlim (speaking point)
  • - Important to talk about the Media, Generalizations and Stereotypes.
  • Some actions of cultures don’t represent the teachings of Islam
    Pictures of different hijabs (african, arab, etc…)
  • Condense the next 3 slides to one slide, take out the current slide and merge with the following slides
    Muslim population: 1.61 according to CIA World fact book for 2007 and 1.84 according to
    Largest population of Muslims is also according to the CIA World Fact Book
    Arabs are Muslims –
  • Context of women prior to the coming of Islam… mention 1900’s and women
    Mention the comparison between Women in Islam and Christianity NOT Islam and the West… if you do that you will find major differences.
    Mention the difference between having everything equal vs. identical
    Rights that were given to women after the coming of Islam
    - Freedom of Expression
    - Choose who to marry
    - Share of Inheritance
    - To contract, enterprise and own land or businesses
    - Exempt from all financial liabilities
    Women were GIVEN these rights
    List rights of women
  • Complete 2:190
    Include verse of Jihad in other forms
    Include Rules of Engagement and Rights of POW
    Include examples of AWESOME JIHAD MOMENTS
  • Status in Islam – one of the Greatest prophets, 2nd most mentioned in the quran
    Mention some miracles and that they were from Allah
    Mention his coming back
  • * Moved up, before ‘recap’ slide
    * Maybe change focus of slide to ‘a glimpse in the past’ or something like that- to show how great an Islamic society would be (e.g. Cordoba).
  • * Perhaps include less ahadith.
  • Islam 101

    1. 1. Presented by WhyIslam
    2. 2. Outline Introduction Beliefs Actions Misconceptions
    3. 3. Purpose of Life “And I have not created the jinn and mankind except to worship Me” (51:56)
    4. 4. What is Islam? Religion Islam Belief Monotheism Deity Allah (God) Holy Book Qur’an Prophet Mohammad
    5. 5. Basis of Islam Qur’an Holy Book Divine Revelation Sunnah (Prophetic Traditions) Sayings, actions or approvals of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)
    6. 6. Who is a Muslim? “One who submits to God” Anyone can become a Muslim Common Greetings Assalamu Alaykum Wa Alaykum Assalam
    7. 7. What do Muslims Believe? Allah Angels Prophets Revelations The Hereafter Predestination
    8. 8. ALLAH “The ONLY God” Characteristics and Names  The Most Loving  The Most Merciful Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like Him. Qur’an 112:1-4
    9. 9. Qur’an 2:255 Allah! There is no god but He,-the Living, the Selfsubsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).
    10. 10. ANGELS “They do not disobey Allah’s commands and they do as they are told to do.” (Qur’an 66 verse 6) Jibreel Mikaeel Gabriel Michael
    11. 11. PROPHETS Chosen by Allah to be His messengers 1. Worship the One true God 2. Accountability Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, etc… Mohammad is the final Prophet
    12. 12. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) “Al-Amin” (The Truthful) First revelation in Cave Hiraa’ Preached Islam in Mecca Migration to Medina (Islamic society) Return to Mecca- Peaceful Conquest If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad?” Alphonse de Lamartine
    13. 13. Revelations Arabic English Prophet Suhuf Scriptures Abraham Tawrah Torah Moses Zabur Psalms David Injeel The Gospel Jesus Qur’an Qur’an Mohammad
    14. 14. Qur’an 5:46-48 And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah. Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.
    15. 15. Continued To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;
    16. 16. The Holy Qur’an Literally means “The Recited” Preserved in its exact original form Memorized by over 10 Million Contains history, science, prophecies, miracles, inspiration, salvation and much more A guide on “How to Live”
    17. 17. Life after Death Accountability Weight of Good/Bad Deeds Day of Judgment (21:47) Heaven Hell
    18. 18. Predestination Certain aspects of one’s life are predestined Freedom of Choice exists
    19. 19. 5 Pillars Islam SHAHADA - Declaration of Faith SALAH - Prayers ZAKAH - Charity SAWM - Fasting HAJJ - Pilgrimage
    20. 20. SHAHADA Declaration of Faith La Ilaha Illa Allah Muhammad Rasul-Allah “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and Muhammad is the Final Messenger of Allah” Once a person truly believes in the above statement and pronounces it they become a Muslim.
    21. 21. SALAH Daily Prayers Muslims pray to God 5 times a day Involves Mind, Body and Spirit Must be Clean and Pure Refreshes ones day
    22. 22. ZAKAH Charity Purifying Wealth Mainly to the Poor and Needy 2.5% of one’s accumulated annual wealth
    23. 23. SAWM Fasting Fast during the month of Ramadan 30 Days sun up to sun down. Benefits •Build will-power •Feel compassion •Strengthen community bonding
    24. 24. HAJJ Pilgrimage to Makkah Once in their lifetime, Muslims travel to Makkah to perform the Hajj. The Hajj commemorates the trials of Prophet Abraham and his family. About 3-4 million people perform Hajj annually.
    25. 25. Islam & Muslim ISLAM = Religion MUSLIM = Follower of Islam
    26. 26. A few Misconceptions Islam and Culture Muslims and Arabs Status of Women Concept of Jihad Belief in Jesus Does the media play a role in these misconceptions?
    27. 27. Islam & Culture What’s the difference? Multiple cultures; Same beliefs
    28. 28. Muslims and Arabs Muslim Population 1.6 - 1.8 Billion Largest population of Muslims is in Indonesia, India and China Arabs only constitute 15-20% of Muslims 90-95% of Arabs are Muslims
    29. 29. Status of Women “Prior to Islam, a woman was regarded by her parents as a threat to family honor and hence worthy of burial alive at infancy. As an adult, she was a sex object that could be bought, sold and inherited. From this position of inferiority and legal incapacity, Islam raised women to a position of influence and prestige in family and society.” Cultural Atlas of Islam Equal vs. Identical Examples of Rights 1400 years ago Concept of Hijab (Covering) Marriage of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)
    30. 30. Concept of Jihad Different Forms of Jihad Establishment of Justice Rules of Engagement “Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors” Qur’an 2:190 “History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fanatically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated” De Lacy O’Leary – Islam at the Crossroads
    31. 31. Status in Islam Miracles Did he die? “The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam He created him from dust then said to him be and he was” Qur’an 3: 59
    32. 32. Shariah Society Economics Character of Muslims In Islam, faith is not an abstract theological dogma, nor an intellectual creed, nor a philosophical proposition... It is the Shari`ah which translates faith and moral ideals into clear, definable, viable, and concrete goals, forms, and codes, and brings them within the grasp of every ordinary man and woman; this is why it is one of the greatest blessings of God and one of the greatest vehicles for human progress. Khurram Murad
    33. 33. Recap slide Belief in One God (Allah) Prophet Muhammad was the Final Messenger Qur’an is the Final & Preserved Revelation Purpose of life is to Worship Allah Islam is a Way of Life
    34. 34. HADITH Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad “The world is green and beautiful, and God has appointed you His stewards over it.” "Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (Male and Female).“ “God will show no compassion on the one who has no compassion towards all humankind.” “God does not look upon your bodies and appearance, He looks upon your hearts and your deeds.”
    35. 35. HADITH “The most perfect in faith amongst Muslim men is he who is best in manner and kindest to his wife.” “He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a believer.”
    36. 36. Any Questions?
    37. 37. Visit Or Call (877) Why-Islam