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Islam 101

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A great presentation for educators, activists or just those who are curious about Islam. The presentations covers the Purpose of Life, the Belief system and Practice of Islam. It also covers common misconceptions about Islam and Muslims.

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Islam 101

  1. 1. Presented by WhyIslam
  2. 2. Outline Introduction Beliefs Actions Misconceptions
  3. 3. Purpose of Life “And I have not created the jinn and mankind except to worship Me” (51:56)
  4. 4. What is Islam? Religion Islam Belief Monotheism Deity Allah (God) Holy Book Qur’an Prophet Mohammad
  5. 5. Basis of Islam Qur’an Holy Book Divine Revelation Sunnah (Prophetic Traditions) Sayings, actions or approvals of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)
  6. 6. Who is a Muslim? “One who submits to God” Anyone can become a Muslim Common Greetings Assalamu Alaykum Wa Alaykum Assalam
  7. 7. What do Muslims Believe? Allah Angels Prophets Revelations The Hereafter Predestination
  8. 8. ALLAH “The ONLY God” Characteristics and Names  The Most Loving  The Most Merciful Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like Him. Qur’an 112:1-4
  9. 9. Qur’an 2:255 Allah! There is no god but He,-the Living, the Selfsubsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).
  10. 10. ANGELS “They do not disobey Allah’s commands and they do as they are told to do.” (Qur’an 66 verse 6) Jibreel Mikaeel Gabriel Michael
  11. 11. PROPHETS Chosen by Allah to be His messengers 1. Worship the One true God 2. Accountability Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, etc… Mohammad is the final Prophet
  12. 12. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) “Al-Amin” (The Truthful) First revelation in Cave Hiraa’ Preached Islam in Mecca Migration to Medina (Islamic society) Return to Mecca- Peaceful Conquest If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad?” Alphonse de Lamartine
  13. 13. Revelations Arabic English Prophet Suhuf Scriptures Abraham Tawrah Torah Moses Zabur Psalms David Injeel The Gospel Jesus Qur’an Qur’an Mohammad
  14. 14. Qur’an 5:46-48 And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah. Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.
  15. 15. Continued To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;
  16. 16. The Holy Qur’an Literally means “The Recited” Preserved in its exact original form Memorized by over 10 Million Contains history, science, prophecies, miracles, inspiration, salvation and much more A guide on “How to Live”
  17. 17. Life after Death Accountability Weight of Good/Bad Deeds Day of Judgment (21:47) Heaven Hell
  18. 18. Predestination Certain aspects of one’s life are predestined Freedom of Choice exists
  19. 19. 5 Pillars Islam SHAHADA - Declaration of Faith SALAH - Prayers ZAKAH - Charity SAWM - Fasting HAJJ - Pilgrimage
  20. 20. SHAHADA Declaration of Faith La Ilaha Illa Allah Muhammad Rasul-Allah “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and Muhammad is the Final Messenger of Allah” Once a person truly believes in the above statement and pronounces it they become a Muslim.
  21. 21. SALAH Daily Prayers Muslims pray to God 5 times a day Involves Mind, Body and Spirit Must be Clean and Pure Refreshes ones day
  22. 22. ZAKAH Charity Purifying Wealth Mainly to the Poor and Needy 2.5% of one’s accumulated annual wealth
  23. 23. SAWM Fasting Fast during the month of Ramadan 30 Days sun up to sun down. Benefits •Build will-power •Feel compassion •Strengthen community bonding
  24. 24. HAJJ Pilgrimage to Makkah Once in their lifetime, Muslims travel to Makkah to perform the Hajj. The Hajj commemorates the trials of Prophet Abraham and his family. About 3-4 million people perform Hajj annually.
  25. 25. Islam & Muslim ISLAM = Religion MUSLIM = Follower of Islam
  26. 26. A few Misconceptions Islam and Culture Muslims and Arabs Status of Women Concept of Jihad Belief in Jesus Does the media play a role in these misconceptions?
  27. 27. Islam & Culture What’s the difference? Multiple cultures; Same beliefs
  28. 28. Muslims and Arabs Muslim Population 1.6 - 1.8 Billion Largest population of Muslims is in Indonesia, India and China Arabs only constitute 15-20% of Muslims 90-95% of Arabs are Muslims
  29. 29. Status of Women “Prior to Islam, a woman was regarded by her parents as a threat to family honor and hence worthy of burial alive at infancy. As an adult, she was a sex object that could be bought, sold and inherited. From this position of inferiority and legal incapacity, Islam raised women to a position of influence and prestige in family and society.” Cultural Atlas of Islam Equal vs. Identical Examples of Rights 1400 years ago Concept of Hijab (Covering) Marriage of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)
  30. 30. Concept of Jihad Different Forms of Jihad Establishment of Justice Rules of Engagement “Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors” Qur’an 2:190 “History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fanatically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated” De Lacy O’Leary – Islam at the Crossroads
  31. 31. Status in Islam Miracles Did he die? “The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam He created him from dust then said to him be and he was” Qur’an 3: 59
  32. 32. Shariah Society Economics Character of Muslims In Islam, faith is not an abstract theological dogma, nor an intellectual creed, nor a philosophical proposition... It is the Shari`ah which translates faith and moral ideals into clear, definable, viable, and concrete goals, forms, and codes, and brings them within the grasp of every ordinary man and woman; this is why it is one of the greatest blessings of God and one of the greatest vehicles for human progress. Khurram Murad
  33. 33. Recap slide Belief in One God (Allah) Prophet Muhammad was the Final Messenger Qur’an is the Final & Preserved Revelation Purpose of life is to Worship Allah Islam is a Way of Life
  34. 34. HADITH Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad “The world is green and beautiful, and God has appointed you His stewards over it.” "Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (Male and Female).“ “God will show no compassion on the one who has no compassion towards all humankind.” “God does not look upon your bodies and appearance, He looks upon your hearts and your deeds.”
  35. 35. HADITH “The most perfect in faith amongst Muslim men is he who is best in manner and kindest to his wife.” “He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a believer.”
  36. 36. Any Questions?
  37. 37. Visit www.WhyIslam.org Or Call (877) Why-Islam
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A great presentation for educators, activists or just those who are curious about Islam. The presentations covers the Purpose of Life, the Belief system and Practice of Islam. It also covers common misconceptions about Islam and Muslims.

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