The Beatles PP - FINAL (Rough)
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The Beatles PP - FINAL (Rough)

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The Beatles PP - FINAL (Rough) The Beatles PP - FINAL (Rough) Presentation Transcript

  • ..“Oh I get by with a little help from my friends..” 1960 – 1970
  • Introduction and History
    • English rock band formed in Liverpool (1960)
    • Most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music
    • Folk Rock, Psychedelic Pop and Classical
    • Influenced social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s
  • Introduction and History
    • JOHN LENNON (rhythm guitar, vocals)
    • PAUL MCCARTNEY (bass guitar, vocals)
    • GERORE HARRISON (lead guitar, vocals)
    • RINGO STARR (drums, vocals)
    • Stuart Stucliffe (bass guitar): 1960-1961
    • Pete Best (drums): 1960-1962
  • Formation and Early Years
    • 16-year-old singer and guitarist, John Lennon , formed skiffle group “The Quarrymen” with Liverpool school friends (1957)
    • 15-year-old Paul McCartney joined Lennon’s band as guitarist after meeting in July (1957)
    • McCartney invited 14-year-old George Harrison into the band as lead guitarist (1958)
  • Formation and Early Years
    • Excluding McCartney and Harrsion, Lennon’s school friends left the band (by 1960)
    • Lennon attended Liverpool College of Art and met classmate Stuart Stucliffe
    • Stucliffe joined band in 1960 and recommended that name change to “The Beetles” as tribute to Buddy Holly and The Crickets
    • Later changed to spelling “The Beatles” (1960)
  • Formation and Early Years
    • Lack of permanent drummer was problem for unofficial manager, Allen Williams
    • Pete Best was hired as band’s drummer after Williams held an audition in Hamburg (1960)
    • Band built status and reputation by performing in clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg
    • Stucliffe left band in 1961 to continue his art studies in Germany
  • Formation and Early Years
    • The band encountered Brain Esptein , local record store owner and music columnist, at a frequently visited club for performance
    • Band appointed Esptein official manager (1962)
    • George Martin signed band to EMI’s Parlophone label
  • Formation and Early Years
    • Martin conducted band’s 1 st recording session at Abby Road Studios in London (1962)
    • Martin complained of Best’s drumming
    • Best was dismissed from the band and English singer, song-writer and actor, Ringo Starr took his place (1962)
    • Starr left band “Rory Storm and the Hurricanes” to join The Beatles
  • Formation and Early Years
    • Band established fame with first single “Love Me Do” followed by “Please Please Me”
    • Made 1 st live TV debut performance on regional news programme Peoples and Places
    • Lennon and McCartney established songwriting partnership
    • Success grew and Harrison's opportunity as lead vocalist limited
  • Beatlemania and Touring Years
    • Esptein encouraged band to be more professional and commercial performers
    • By March 1963 “Love Me Do” and “Please Please Me” hit #2 on UK single chart
    • 1 st recorded album Please Please Me #1 on British chart (1963)
    • Band’s quick popularity spread created a frenzied adulation “Beatlemania!”
  • Beatlemania and Touring Years
    • 1962 - 1966 The Beatles toured internationally, creating world-wide fame
    • Preformed on The Ed Sullivan Show with approx. 74 million viewers
    • Held 12 spots on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart
    • Famous hit singles included “I Want to Hold Your Hand” “Help!” “Maggie Mae”
    • Major Motion Contracts: Help! and A Hard Day’s Night
  • Beatlemania and Touring Years
    • After 4 th album band began to struggle with controversy and conflict in commercialism vs. creativity
    • Album Rubber Soul proposed a more complex and mature nature of band’s songs and their meaning
    • The clash between Lennon’s deep ingenuity and McCartney’s thirst for prominence started to become evident
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • Content of lyrics, band’s openness about drug use, and visual presentation of album covers triggered much controversy
    • U.S. religion and social groups back lashed on band after Lennon expressed opinions on Christianity
    • Esptein criticized media about the band taking harsh judgment
    • Esptian encouraged band’s reactions to controversy remain undisclosed (1966)
    • The Beatles marked their last tour in August (1966)
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • 1966 - 1970 the band spent in studio recording some of their most sophisticated songwriting
    • Reshaped and redefined music style in addressing political, social and cultural revolutions and controversies of 1960s
    • Most experimental albums Revolver and Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band
    • The Beatles became hallmark of the “hippie” style - flower power anthems
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • Esptein died by accidental overdose August of 1967
    • Esptein’s death left band feeling disoriented and fearful of the future
    • Lennon stated Esptein’s death marked the beginning of the end for The Beatles
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • Band signed new label with Apple Studios
    • During recording sessions of the infamous White Album relations among the band became openly troublesome
    • Starr left the band leaving McCartney drummer
    • Lennon’s romantic preoccupation with avant-grade artist, Yoko Ono posed strong tension
    • Lennon lost interest in co-writing with McCartney
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • McCartney and Lennon competed with one another’s ideas and directions
    • Strong conflict between Lennon and McCartney arose with appointment of financial advisor
    • Lennon was the 1 st of the band to release solo single “Give Peace a Chance” album Abbey Road
    • Harrison left the band out of frustration of Ono’s presence and Lennon and McCartney’s disagreements
  • The Breakup and Studio Years
    • Lennon announced his departure from band September 20, 1969
    • McCartney publically announced his departure form band April 10, 1970
    • All 4 members released solo albums in 1970
    • The Beatles released 12 studio albums, 13 EP’s and 22 singles from 1962-1970
    • Noted by many as greatest and most influential rock band of all time during and after years active
  • The Beatles Today
    • Lennon was shot and killed in New York City December 8, 1980
    • Harrison died of lung cancer November 29, 2001
    • McCartney and Starr are the only living members today
    • Strongly publicized in today’s media McCartney and Starr actively continuing and progressing their music career