Sp 219 The Beatles Pp


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Sp 219 The Beatles Pp

  1. 1. ..“Oh I get by with a little help from my friends..” 1960 – 1970
  2. 2. Introduction and History <ul><li>English rock band formed in Liverpool (1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Rock, Psychedelic Pop and Classical </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction and History <ul><li>JOHN LENNON (rhythm guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>PAUL MCCARTNEY (bass guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>GERORE HARRISON (lead guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>RINGO STARR (drums, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Stucliffe (bass guitar): 1960-1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Pete Best (drums): 1960-1962 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>16-year-old singer and guitarist, John Lennon , formed skiffle group “The Quarrymen” with Liverpool school friends (1957) </li></ul><ul><li>15-year-old Paul McCartney joined Lennon’s band as guitarist after meeting in July (1957) </li></ul><ul><li>McCartney invited 14-year-old George Harrison into the band as lead guitarist (1958) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>Excluding McCartney and Harrsion, Lennon’s school friends left the band (by 1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon attended Liverpool College of Art and met classmate Stuart Stucliffe </li></ul><ul><li>Stucliffe joined band in 1960 and recommended that name change to “The Beetles” as tribute to Buddy Holly and The Crickets </li></ul><ul><li>Later changed to spelling “The Beatles” (1960) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>Lack of permanent drummer was problem for unofficial manager, Allen Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Pete Best was hired as band’s drummer after Williams held an audition in Hamburg (1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Band built status and reputation by performing in clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg </li></ul><ul><li>Stucliffe left band in 1961 to continue his art studies in Germany </li></ul>
  7. 7. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>The band encountered Brain Esptein , local record store owner and music columnist, at a frequently visited club for performance </li></ul><ul><li>Band appointed Esptein official manager (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>George Martin signed band to EMI’s Parlophone label </li></ul>
  8. 8. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>Martin conducted band’s 1 st recording session at Abby Road Studios in London (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Martin complained of Best’s drumming </li></ul><ul><li>Best was dismissed from the band and English singer, song-writer and actor, Ringo Starr took his place (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Starr left band “Rory Storm and the Hurricanes” to join The Beatles </li></ul>
  9. 9. Formation and Early Years <ul><li>Band established fame with first single “Love Me Do” followed by “Please Please Me” </li></ul><ul><li>Made 1 st live TV debut performance on regional news programme Peoples and Places </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon and McCartney established songwriting partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Success grew and Harrison's opportunity as lead vocalist limited </li></ul>
  10. 10. Beatlemania and Touring Years <ul><li>Esptein encouraged band to be more professional and commercial performers </li></ul><ul><li>By March 1963 “Love Me Do” and “Please Please Me” hit #2 on UK single chart </li></ul><ul><li>1 st recorded album Please Please Me #1 on British chart (1963) </li></ul><ul><li>Band’s quick popularity spread created a frenzied adulation “Beatlemania!” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Beatlemania and Touring Years <ul><li>1962 - 1966 The Beatles toured internationally, creating world-wide fame </li></ul><ul><li>Preformed on The Ed Sullivan Show with approx. 74 million viewers </li></ul><ul><li>Held 12 spots on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart </li></ul><ul><li>Famous hit singles included “I Want to Hold Your Hand” “Help!” “Maggie Mae” “Let It Be” </li></ul><ul><li>Major Motion Contracts: Help! and A Hard Day’s Night </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beatlemania and Touring Years <ul><li>After 4 th album band began to struggle with controversy and conflict in commercialism vs. creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Album Rubber Sole proposed a more complex and mature nature of band’s songs and their meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The clash between Lennon’s deep ingenuity and McCartney’s thirst for prominence started to become evident </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Breakup and Studio Years