For a livable Shanghai by Pei Xiao

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Presented at the 4th Global Infrastructure Basel Summit 21 & 22 May 2014. Read more at www.gib-foundation.org.
Next Summit: 27 & 28 May 2015 in Switzerland

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For a livable Shanghai by Pei Xiao

  1. 1. 建设宜居上海 — 政策、管理与产业 For a liveable Shanghai---- Government, policies,management and industry
  2. 2. outline 1 2 3 4 上海基础设施建设与建筑用能概况 Shanghai infrastructure construction and building energy consumption 制定建筑节能法规与政策 Building energy conservation laws, regulations and governmental policies 政府对城市管理系统建设投入 Government funding in the construction of building energy management infrastructure 政府对建筑节能产业的引导与支持 Funding, guiding and supporting in building energy conservation service industry
  3. 3. 上海基础设施建设与建筑用能概况 Shanghai infrastructure construction and building energy consumption 上海城市与基础建设情况简介 Brief introduction of Shanghai and city infrastructure 上海城市建筑规模与能耗现状 The building scale and energy consumption status in Shanghai 上海城市建筑能耗发展趋势 The building energy consumption development trend in Shanghai 上海城市建筑能耗的增长因素与控制目标 The building energy consumption growth and controlling target in Shanghai
  4. 4. 上海地处太平洋西岸,长江三角洲前缘,东濒东海,南临杭州湾, 长江与东海在此连接。 上海 Shanghai 上海城市与基础建设情况简介 Brief introduction of Shanghai and city infrastructure 总面积6340平方公里,中心城区600多平方公里,平均海拔高度4米左右  west coast of the Pacific Ocean,  the Yangtze River Delta,  south of Hangzhou Bay  The connection point of Yangtze River and East China Sea  total area: 6340 square kilometers,  urban center: about 600 square kilometers,  with an average altitude of 4meters. 上海大规模、快速度城市建设的发展 成立政府性投资公司盘活存量、股份制上市、实施特许经营、高速公路社会招商等多元融资方式, 并积极开展土地批租,大大拓宽了城市建设的资金来源  governmental investment  joint-stock reform and listing  franchise operations Shanghai city infrastructure: large Scale, high-speed development  introducing social investment  multiple financing mode  active land leasing
  5. 5. 上海城市与基础建设情况简介 Brief introduction of Shanghai and city infrastructure 浦东开发 Development of Pudong 四个中心 Four Centers 上海世博会 2010 Shanghai EXPO 上海自贸区 Shanghai Pilot free trade zone 上海城市与基础建设发展契机 Four milestones of Shanghai city infrastructure development 港口吞吐量达6.53亿吨,比“十五”末增长47%。航运 Shipping infrastructure 11th five-year plan: the port throughput of 653 million tons, 47% growth: compared with the end of the 10th five-year plan 上海航空枢纽加快发展,建成5条机场跑道。 机场进出港旅客7187万人次,比“十五”末增长74%。航空 Aviation infrastructure 5 airport runway, 71.87 million passengers 74% growth: compared with the end of the 10th five-year plan 建成沪宁城际、沪杭客专铁路,铁路客运能力比“十五”期末增加2倍铁路 Railway infrastructure Shanghai-Nanjing, Shanghai-Hangzhou inter-city high-speed railway Twice the transportation capability: compared with the end of the 10th five-year plan 城市轨道交通运营里程452.6公里轨道交通 Subway infrastructure City subway 452.6 km 高速公路775公里 越江设施达23处 市域道路16688公里 Express way: 775 km River tunnel: 23 City road: 16888 km 供水管道:31181公里 燃气管道:21563公里 Water pipe: 31181 km Gas pipe: 21563 km 绿化覆盖率达到38.15% 森林覆盖率达到12.58% 人均公共绿地面积13平方米 green coverage rate: 38.15% forest coverage rate:12.58% per capita public green space:13 m2
  6. 6. 10.7% 建筑年均增长率 average annual growth rate  规模快速扩大 Rapid growth  2010年民用建筑总面积达到7.3亿平方米 Gross area: 730 million m2 (by the end of 2010) 73% 居住建筑 Residential buildings 27% 公共建筑 Public buildings 建筑面积 Construction area 46%54%能耗占比 Energy consumption percentage 5000 万吨标煤 50 million tce 预测建筑能耗 Prediction of building energy consumption 按照目前的发展方式,预测2030年末,上 海全市能耗将翻一番,达到5000万吨标煤 According to the present development mode, the gross building energy consumption will be 50 million tce, which is two times of the present quantity 上海建筑能耗现状与发展趋势 The present status and develop trend of Shanghai building energy consumption
  7. 7. 上海城市建筑能耗的增长因素与控制目标 The building energy consumption growth and controlling target in Shanghai 民生需求 Population growth 气候环境 Climate and environment 城市建设 City construction 经济发展 Economic development 极端气候频发 Extreme weather events 发展现代服务业 Development of modern service industry 建筑规模扩大 Building scale growth rapidly 生活品质提升 Demand of living quality upgrade 上海市建筑能耗需求刚性增长的主要因素 Key Factors: the rigid demand growth of building energy demand in Shanghai  重点在于将技术措施控制调整为用能总量控制 The future building energy conservation work will turn the focus from technical controlling to the total amount controlling  十二五期间,上海地区民用建筑能耗增量应控制在 800万吨标煤以内 The building energy consumption growth is set as no more than 8 million tce in the “12th Five-year Plan” of Shanghai 上海市政府发布了《上海市节能减排和应对气候变化 重点工作安排》,将全市建筑总量与增量控制目标分 解到全市17个区县 The government decomposed the building energy consumption growth and total amount controlling target to the 17 districts relatively
  8. 8. 制定建筑节能法规与政策 Building energy conservation laws, regulations and governmental policies 法律、法规与标准 Local laws, regulations and standards in Shanghai 2013年度建筑节能推进政策与工作成效 Building energy conservation promotion policies and achievements in 2013 上海建筑能耗监管政策体系 Shanghai building energy consumption management policy system
  9. 9. 法律、法规与标准 Local laws, regulations and standards in Shanghai 地方法规 Local laws 标准与导则 Standards and guidelines 政策与规定 Regulations and policies 政策制定,制度建设,长效推动建筑节能开展 Government policies to ensure the long-term-effective building energy conservation  上海市政府发布文件,分别明确了“十二五”期间上海全 市用能总量控制目标值  同时规定了各区县用能总量控制和下降目标分解任务以及 “十二五”期间全市建筑节能降耗目标。 Shanghai government regulated the target of the total amount of energy consumption growth in the 12th five-year plan and decomposed to 17 districts and main energy consuming industries. 2013年主要 政策激励 Main programs Governmental policy supported  建筑节能改造示范项目 (沪建交联〔2013〕311号) Renovation of building energy conservation  建筑用能分项计量安装 (沪建市管〔2013〕101号) Installation of building energy consumption monitoring system  绿色建筑与可再生能源应用 (沪发改环资〔2012〕088号) Application of renewable energy and green buildings 标准与导则 Standards and guidelines 建筑能耗对标管理:上海市建筑合理用能指南 The benchmark management of building energy consumption: Rational Use of Building Energy Guide
  10. 10. 2013年度建筑节能推进政策与工作成效 Building energy conservation promotion policies and achievements in 2013 绿色建筑 Green buildings 建筑节能改造 energy conservation renovation 可再生能源 energy conservation renovation 十二五期间创建绿色建筑面积不少于1000万m2 10 million m2 green building area in “12th Five-year Plan” 10 million m2 虹桥商务区、南桥新城开展低碳实践区的建设 Low carbon practical zone construction: Hongqiao business area, Nanqiao new town 2013年,完成了新开工量15%以上的保障性住房建设按 照绿色建筑标准设计建造的目标 Achieved the goal that 15% of new-built indemnificatory house meet green building standard in 2013 ¥40 per m2 4Million m2 20% Conservation rate 《关于组织申报上海市公共建筑节能改造重点城市示范 项目的通知》(沪建交联〔2013〕311号) Governmental funding policy --“2013 NO. 311 Document” 《审核办法》--进一步规范示范项目管理 《管理办法》--规范资金与项目流程 Government manage regulations of projects and funding 目标:两年内落实400万平方米 已完成评审40余项,面积200余万m2 Goals and achievements:Total area 4 million m2 2013 accomplished 40 projects about 2 million m2 4.5 million m2 2013年以来可再生能源建筑应用面积450余万m2 Accomplished the application of renewable energy in the area of 4 million m2 in 2013 以《上海市可再生能源建筑应用专项规划》为指导, 以《上海市建筑节能项目专项扶持办法》(沪发改环 资〔2012〕088号)为激励 Funding according to the policy of “NO. 88 Document” 上海市建筑节能示范项目7项,涉及多种类型 安排市级示范补贴资金2560万元 Diversified technics involved 25.6 million governmental funding
  11. 11. 上海建筑能耗监管政策体系 Shanghai building energy consumption management policy system 分项计量 实时监测 Energy consumption real- time monitoring 能耗统计 Energy consumption statistics 能源审计 Energy auditing 能效公示 Energy efficiency publishing 能耗定额 Energy consumption quota 超定额加价 Super-fixed fare绿色建筑 Green buildings 可再生能源 Renewable energy 节能改造 Energy- conservation renovation 节能服务产业 Promoting energy conservation industry 建筑能耗监管体系 The building energy consumption monitoring system  以建筑物实际用能为基础,开展建筑用 能分项计量与实时监测 Conducting the building energy real-time monitoring  以建筑分项计量为核心,通过建筑开展 全面建筑能耗统计与典型建筑能源审计 Comprehensive building energy consumption statistics and energy auditing of typical energy consuming building  展开建筑能效公示,并在建筑实际用能 数据基础上制定合理的能耗定额 Annually energy efficiency publishing and set reasonable energy consumption quota  制定以能耗定额为依据的超定额加价,通 过价格机制推动建筑节能服务产业发展 Promoting energy conservation industry by the super-fixed fare, especially in the field of green building, renewable energy application and the energy conservation renovation
  12. 12. 政府对城市管理系统建设投入 Government funding in the construction of building energy management infrastructure “智慧城市”—建筑用能监管体系建设 “Smart City”—the construction of “the building energy consumption monitoring system in Shanghai” 上海建筑能耗监管体系 The building energy consumption monitoring system in Shanghai
  13. 13. “智慧城市”—建筑用能监管体系建设 “Smart City”—the construction of “the building energy consumption monitoring system in Shanghai” “1+17+1”架构 “1+17+1” framework of the platform 一个市级平台 One primary platform 17个区级分平台 17 district level sub-platform 一个公共机构分平台 One public agency sub-platform Ministry of housing and urban rural development Shanghai energy conservation platform 管理部门 Management department
  14. 14. 上海建筑能耗监管体系 The building energy consumption monitoring system in Shanghai 上海市国家机关办公建筑和大型公共建筑能耗监测信息平台 Shanghai building energy consumption monitoring platform of government buildings and large scale public buildings 7 信息调查,数据收集工作已 经持续开展7年 Basic investigation and data collection work has been continuously kept for 7 years 1500 上海全市1500余幢大型公共 建筑能耗统计全覆盖 The energy consumption database covers more than 1500 large-scale public buildings all over the city 700 700余幢典型建筑能源审计, 涵盖楼宇信息与能耗数据 Energy audit reports of 700 typical buildings including building equipment information and energy consumption data 900 900余幢全市各区县建筑能耗实时 监测数据,2015年前全面覆盖 Connecting around 900 building energy real-time data, cover all 1500 buildings by the end of 2015
  15. 15. 政府对建筑节能产业的引导与支持 Funding, guiding and supporting in building energy conservation service industry 政府政策推进,激励与促进建筑节能改造 Promoted by governmental policies—encouragement of building energy conservation renovation 政府政策引导,支持多方协作培育产业发展 Guided by governmental policies—coordination of the establishment of the “enterprise-bank” partnership
  16. 16. 政府政策推进,激励与促进建筑节能改造 Promoted by governmental policies—encouragement of building energy conservation renovation 实时监测 Energy consumption real-time monitoring The benchmark management 建筑能耗 对标管理 政策激励(如:311号文) funding policy such as “2013 NO. 311 Document” 能耗管理政策 Energy consumption Manage policies 节能激励政策 Energy conservation encourage policies 业主 节能意愿 Proprietor The willingness of energy conservation 服务商 业务发展 Service company Industry development 节能量 Energy conservation
  17. 17. 政府政策引导,支持多方协作培育产业发展 Guided by governmental policies—coordination of the establishment of the “enterprise-bank” partnership 绿色信贷 Green Credit 首次在国内大规模推出合同能源管理未来收益权质押 银企对接 Bank-enterprise partnership 为合同能源管理项目提供 总额130亿元绿色融资 十多家银行共同参与 12 banks participated 政府政策:沪建交联[2013]311号文件 Governmental support:2013 NO. 311 Document 公共建筑节能改造示范城市与合同能源管理 Energy conservation renovation and EMC partnership 支持标准:经改造后单位建筑面积能耗下降 20%(含)以上的项目 Funding condition: 20% energy conservation EMC partnership ¥40 per m2 none partnership ¥35 per m2
  18. 18. 政府政策引导,支持多方协作培育产业发展 Guided by governmental policies—coordination of the establishment of the “enterprise-bank” partnership 案例—西郊宾馆节能改造 Case—Xijiao Hotel  上海最大的五星级花园别墅式国宾馆  总占地面积1160亩,建筑面积约10.5万平方米  主要能耗为电力、天然气  主要用能系统:空调系统、生活用热系统、照明系统  The largest national hotel in Shanghai  Construction area: 105 thousand m2  Main energy consumption: lightening, cooling and heating 西郊宾馆用能设备改造 Reformation of energy consumption equipment 政府引导,多方协作 政府节能降耗目标 节能服务 业态特质 用能业主 实际需求 Government goal Industrial property of energy conservation service Energy demand Government guiding the coordination 获得节能量 Energy conservation
  19. 19. 谢 谢 Thank you

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