Wikipedia and healthcare:
effective uses, future directions
Phoebe Ayers
UC Davis
Wikimedia Foundation
Outline
•
•
•
•

Introductions
How Wikipedia works
Wikipedia and health
Discussion/Questions?
How Wikipedia Works

Taipei, Wikimania 2007
Imagine a world in which every
single human being can freely
share in the sum of all
knowledge.
- Wikimedia’s vision state...
inter-language
links
Wikimedia is global

Wikimedia chapters, 2013 (dark blue = founded)
What is Wikimedia?

•
•
•
•
•
•

12 projects
280 languages
25 million Wikipedia articles
18 million media files
100,000 ac...
Wikimania 2005
[[user:Walkerma]]
Bangalore, 2010
Wikimania, Buenos Aires 2009
Wikimania, Haifa 2011
Overview
• Free [to use and reuse]
• Volunteer-written
• Supported by readers
• Everyone can participate
• No top down edi...
Core editorial policies
•
•
•
•
•

Neutrality (NPOV)
Verifiability (references!)
Notability
Encyclopedic treatment
… and m...
Wikipedia editors
Becoming an editor
…saving an edit
History of an article
compare

Date of edit

username

Edit summary
Their other contributions

Revision of an article – one “edit”
Evaluating an article
Wikipedia and health

From Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RedCrossNursen.jpg
Some statistics
• The 28,000 Wikipedia articles covered by
WikiProject Medicine get over 2 million
hits a month.
– This in...
Not just patients
• “Studies have found that 70% of junior
physicians use Wikipedia in a given week,
while nearly 50% to 7...
Still lots to do

Red link = no article
Improving existing articles
Finding articles with categories
Mission: To make clear, reliable, comprehensive, up-to-date educational
resources and information in the biomedical and re...
Wikipedia and education
Sample assignments
• Referencing and expanding articles
• Copyediting articles
• Creating technical illustrations or
video...
Planning for the next 10 years
Thoughts?
Thank you

psayers@ucdavis.edu
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
Wikipedia and Healthcare
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Wikipedia and Healthcare

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Wikipedia and Healthcare: effective uses, future directions. Introduction to Wikipedia and Wikimedia Foundation projects, focusing on medical articles and projects.

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  • Hughes B, Joshi I, Lemonde H, Wareham J. Junior physician's use of Web 2.0 for information seeking and medical education: a qualitative study. Int J Med Inform 2009 Oct;78(10):645-655. [CrossRef] [Medline]; ‎Comer B. Medical Marketing & Media. 2009 Apr 21. Docs Look to Wikipedia for Condition Info: Manhattan Research   URL: http:/​/www.​mmm-online.com/​docs-look-to-wikipedia-for-condition-info-manhattan-research/​article/​131038/​ [accessed 2010-05-21] [WebCite Cache]‎; Hughes B, Wareham J, Joshi I. Doctors' online information needs, cognitive search strategies, and judgments of information quality and cognitive authority: how predictive judgments introduce bias into cognitive search models. J Am SocInfSciTechnol 2010;61(3):433-452.)
  • Wikipedia and Healthcare

    1. 1. Wikipedia and healthcare: effective uses, future directions Phoebe Ayers UC Davis Wikimedia Foundation
    2. 2. Outline • • • • Introductions How Wikipedia works Wikipedia and health Discussion/Questions?
    3. 3. How Wikipedia Works Taipei, Wikimania 2007
    4. 4. Imagine a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge. - Wikimedia’s vision statement
    5. 5. inter-language links
    6. 6. Wikimedia is global Wikimedia chapters, 2013 (dark blue = founded)
    7. 7. What is Wikimedia? • • • • • • 12 projects 280 languages 25 million Wikipedia articles 18 million media files 100,000 active editors 100s of local meetup groups 39 local/national level chapters 180 employees at the Wikimedia Foundation, San Francisco 1,130,000 individual financial donors (in 2011-12) 500,000,000 readers/month
    8. 8. Wikimania 2005
    9. 9. [[user:Walkerma]]
    10. 10. Bangalore, 2010
    11. 11. Wikimania, Buenos Aires 2009
    12. 12. Wikimania, Haifa 2011
    13. 13. Overview • Free [to use and reuse] • Volunteer-written • Supported by readers • Everyone can participate • No top down editorial control: • Community curated work
    14. 14. Core editorial policies • • • • • Neutrality (NPOV) Verifiability (references!) Notability Encyclopedic treatment … and many, many style guidelines
    15. 15. Wikipedia editors
    16. 16. Becoming an editor
    17. 17. …saving an edit
    18. 18. History of an article
    19. 19. compare Date of edit username Edit summary Their other contributions Revision of an article – one “edit”
    20. 20. Evaluating an article
    21. 21. Wikipedia and health From Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RedCrossNursen.jpg
    22. 22. Some statistics • The 28,000 Wikipedia articles covered by WikiProject Medicine get over 2 million hits a month. – This includes topics like: • • • • • • • Asthma Diabetes mellitus Gout Malaria Vaccination Pharmaceutical drug Palliative care
    23. 23. Not just patients • “Studies have found that 70% of junior physicians use Wikipedia in a given week, while nearly 50% to 70% of practicing physicians use it as an information source in providing medical care.” (from James Heilman et al, “Wikipedia: A Key Tool for Global Public Health Promotion”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 2011. http://www.jmir.org/2011/1/e14, Ref 34-36.)
    24. 24. Still lots to do Red link = no article
    25. 25. Improving existing articles
    26. 26. Finding articles with categories
    27. 27. Mission: To make clear, reliable, comprehensive, up-to-date educational resources and information in the biomedical and related social sciences freely available to all people in the language of their choice. http://meta.wikimedia.org/WPMED
    28. 28. Wikipedia and education
    29. 29. Sample assignments • Referencing and expanding articles • Copyediting articles • Creating technical illustrations or videos • Translating articles • Analyzing articles, reflecting on Wikipedia usage
    30. 30. Planning for the next 10 years
    31. 31. Thoughts?
    32. 32. Thank you psayers@ucdavis.edu
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