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Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
Pp perfect tenses (mi version)
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Pp perfect tenses (mi version)

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present perfect simple and continuous, past perfect simple and future perfect.

present perfect simple and continuous, past perfect simple and future perfect.

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  • 1. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 2. Form: POSITIVE I have (‘ve) You have (‘ve) He has (‘s) She has (‘s) + past participle It has (‘s) We have (‘ve) You have (‘ve) They have (‘ve) He has travelled a lot or He’s travelled a lot
  • 3. QUESTION Have I Have you Has he Has she + past participle ? Has it Have we Have you Have theyHave you written these books ?
  • 4. NEGATIVE I have not (haven´t) You have not (haven´t) He has not (hasn´t) She has not (hasn’t) + past participle It has not (hasn´t) We have not (haven´t) You have not (haven´t) They have not (haven´t)They haven’t been to school
  • 5. SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I / you / we / they / have he/ she / it has No, I / you / we / they/ haven’t he / she/ it hasn’tHave you painted the room ? Has he brushed his teeth ? Yes, we have No, he hasn’t
  • 6. Use:  We use the present perfect simple to talk about something that happened in the past and has a connection with the present He has had a problem with his leg (It means that his leg is still broken)
  • 7.  When we talk about actions or situations in the past without a definite time He has lost his key When we give information about a recent event Spanish scientists have made important discoveries about cancer
  • 8.  When we talk about things we have done until now I have painted ten pictures so far When we talk about experiences we have had in life: Have you been to China? No, I haven’t but I’d love to
  • 9.  With the following time expressions: EVER (alguna vez), NEVER (nunca) Have you ever flown in a hot air balloon? I haver never seen a ghost  JUST (acabar de) He has just won a prize
  • 10. ALREADY ( positive) (ya), YET ( question, negative) (aún, todavía) I have already made the bed The class hasn’t started yet FOR (durante), SINCE (desde) He has done his homework for half an hour They have worked here since February
  • 11. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • 12. Form: POSITIVE I have (‘ve) been You have (‘ve) been He has (‘s) been She has (‘s) been Verb+ -ing It has (‘s) been We have (‘ve) been You have (‘ve) been They have (‘ve) been He has been running for a long time or He’s been running for a long time
  • 13. QUESTION Have I been Have you been Has he been Has she been Verb+ -ing ? Has it been Have we been Have you been Have they beenHave they been playing ?
  • 14. NEGATIVEI have not (haven´t) beenYou have not (haven´t) beenHe has not (hasn´t) beenShe has not (hasn’t) beenIt has not (hasn´t) been Verb+ -ingWe have not (haven´t) beenYou have not (haven´t) beenThey have not (haven´t) been She hasn’t been having a good time
  • 15. SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I / you / we / they / have he/ she / it has No, I / you / we / they/ haven’t he / she/ it hasn’tHave you been cooking? Has he been working? Yes, we have No, he hasn’t
  • 16. Use:  We use the present perfect continuous to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and are still in progress He has been learning English for five years (He is still learning English) Past Now
  • 17.  When we talk about actions or situations that have recently stopped but they still have present results You are wet . Yes, It has been raining a lot ! When we talk about repeated actions I have been sending him a lot of messages all day
  • 18.  With “ How long ” questions How long has she been listening to music? With the following time expressions: -recently -lately -since -for -all day -all morning He has been driving lately I have been drawing since five o´clock What have you been doing recently?
  • 19. What is the differencebetween The Present Perfect Continuous …
  • 20. and the Present Perfect Simple? They have been reading a book about witches We are interested in the activity, the action has not finished They have read a book about witches We pay attention to the result of the activity. The action has finished
  • 21. What is the differencebetween the Present Perfect …
  • 22. and the Past Simple? He has travelled a lot in his current job This is a past action that comes up to the present. It is not finished He travelled a lot in his previous job This is an action about the past. It is finished
  • 23.  She has been an invalid all her life She is still alive She was an invalid all her life She is dead
  • 24. Present perfect Past simple* We describe past events * We describe past eventsthat have a connection with that finishedthe present time* Time expressions that * Time expressions thatcan be used: for, since, just, we use: for, in 2008,yet, before, already, ever, last night, yesterday,never, so far, over the last ago, in April, on Mondayfew years… in April, at 5.30, when I was a child…
  • 25. PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 26. FORM POSITIVE POSITIVE I I had (‘d) have (‘ve) You have (‘ve) You had (‘d) He He had (‘d) has (‘s) She has (‘s) She had (‘d) + + past participle past participle It had (‘d) It has (‘s) We had (‘d) We Youhavehad (‘d) (‘ve) You They have (‘ve) had (‘d) They have (‘ve)• He had travelled a lot • He’d travelled a lot
  • 27. QUESTION Had I Had you Had he Had she + past participle ? Had it Had we Had you Had theyHad you written these books ?
  • 28. NEGATIVE I had not (hadn´t) You had not (hadn´t) He had not (hadn´t) She had not (hadn’t) + past participleIt had not (hadn´t) We had not (hadn´t) You had not (hadn´t) They had not (hadn´t) They hadn’t been to school
  • 29. USES A completed action before another activity in the past When we arrived, the concert had already finished It had got/gotten worse before it got better. By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of bee By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed
  • 30. FUTURE PERFECT
  • 31. FORM POSITIVE I will haveYou will have He will have. She will have + past participle It will have We will haveYou will haveThey will have
  • 32. NEGATIVE I will not haveYou will not have He will not have She will not have + past participle It will not have We will not haveYou will not haveThey will not have
  • 33. QUESTIONS Will I have Will you have Will he haveWill she have + past participle? Will it have Will we have Will you have Will they have
  • 34. USES Actions that will be finished before some point in the future They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday.

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