Many adjectives ending in ‘-ing’
describe the effect that something
has on someone's feelings.
Some adjectives ending in ‘-ing’
describe a process or state that
continues over a period of time.
Many adjectives ending in ‘-ed’
describe people's feelings.
You use some ‘-ing’ adjectives to describe
something that continues over a period of time
Many ‘-ed’ adjectives describe
people's feelings. They have the
same form as the past participle of
a transitive verb and have a passive
meaning. For example, ‘a
frightened person’ is a person who
has been frightened by something.
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an
unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You
CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such
as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived
in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the
Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as:
ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so
far, already, yet, etc
PRESENT PAST SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE
DO DID DONE
TO BE WAS /WERE BEEN
MAKE MADE MADE
LIVE LIVED LIVED
SEE SAW SEEN
RUN RAN RAN
DRINK DRANK DRUNK
WALK WALKED WALKED
LISTEN LISTENED LISTENED
TALK TALKED TALKED
SPEAK SPOKE SPOKEN
HAVE HAD HAD
WRITE WROTE WRITTEN
READ READ READ
WATCH WATCHED WATCHED
GO WENT GONE
EAT ATE EATEN
I have been in Paris.
Subject + have + verb in past participle + complement
For I, you, they and we the auxiliary verb is
For He, she and it the auxiliary verb is HAS
Have you been in Paris?
Have / Has + subject + verb in past participle + complement
Has she been in Paris?
R/ = Yes, I have been in Paris.
Yes, she has been in Paris.
HAVE NOT = HAVEN’T
HAS NOT = HASN’T
I HAVE = I’VE
YOU HAVE = YOU’VE
SHE HAS = SHE’S
HE HAS = HE’S
IT HAS = IT’S
THEY HAVE = THEY’VE
WE HAVE = WE’VE
I HAVE NOT = I’VE NOT = I HAVEN’T
YOU HAVE NOT =YOU’VE NOT = YOU HAVEN’T
SHE HAS NOT = SHE’S NOT = SHE HASN’T
HE HAS NOT = HE’S NOT = HE HASN’T
IT HAS NOT = IT’S NOT = IT HASN’T
THEY HAVE NOT = THEY’VE NOT = THEY HAVEN’T
WE HAVE NOT = WE’VE NOT = WE HAVEN’T
CREATE A SENTENCE WITH THE FOLLOWING:
I / SEE / EL DIARIO DEL OTUN
SHE / READ / THE BOOK
IT / TO BE / DO
WE / EAT / ALREADY
YOU EVER / SEE / THAT MOVIE ?
THEY / DRINK / THE SODA YET?
YOU / READ / THE BOOK YET?
SHE / GO / TO YOUR HOUSE YET?
I / NOT DO / MY HOMEWORK.