RFID
Radio Frequency
Identification in
Rail
Swedish Transport Administration
2 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
60-70% of wagons in Sweden come
from other European countries
Need:
• European standard for RFID s...
3 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
TSI rolling stock — freight wagons
EU legislation for rail transport in Europe
•  RFID transponder...
4 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
SwedenGunnar Ivansson
Alice Mukaru
External support
5 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
• Speed over “160” km/h
• Open standard
• Potential EU-standard
• Easy to maintain
• Competitivene...
6 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
Air interface:
Reader
Tagg
UHF Gen2 Class1
ISO18000-6 typ C
Data / informationstructur
GS1 standar...
7 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
Tag number
EPC-kod: GIAI 96 (Header, FilterValue, Partition, Company Prefix, Individual Asset Refe...
8 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
Structure – RFID
ReaderEPC
Tagg
Axle counters
Company
Internal
Information
system
ISO18000-6 C
GS1...
9 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
Falköping	
  
Göteborg	
  
EPCIS	
  Informa-on	
  
What
Where
When
Why
Harbour	
  	
  
Informa6on	...
10 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
Göteborg
Ongoing RFID projects:
SSAB: Steel billet train Luleå - Borlänge Active RFID
SCA: Paper ...
11 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
RFID:
•  Know which reader locations a wagon has passed
•  Know in which zone (between reader loc...
12 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
•  Combine detector measurement and alarms with correct vehicle
•  Lower costs for track maintena...
13 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
•  Track and trace wagons
•  Proactive vehicle maintenance based on input from trackside
detector...
14 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
•  Enables intermodal transport
•  Track and trace wagons and freight across the whole of Europe
...
15 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
•  Build an infrastructure of 500-700 RFID readers along
Swedish Transport Administration’s track...
16 10-11-26
RFID in Rail 16
• Will build the infrastructure with 500-700 readers
• Will strive for a European standard
• W...
17 10-11-26
RFID in Rail
European co-operation
Direct contacts established with:
•  Norway
•  Finland
•  UK
•  Switzerland...
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Alice mukaru, trafikverket och gs1 epcis standard för spårbundna transporter

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Alice mukaru, trafikverket och gs1 epcis standard för spårbundna transporter

  1. 1. RFID Radio Frequency Identification in Rail Swedish Transport Administration
  2. 2. 2 10-11-26 RFID in Rail 60-70% of wagons in Sweden come from other European countries Need: • European standard for RFID system • Standard for information exchange Rail traffic in Europe
  3. 3. 3 10-11-26 RFID in Rail TSI rolling stock — freight wagons EU legislation for rail transport in Europe •  RFID transponders/tags are not mandatory •  Two passive transponders/tags per wagon, mounted on the left side •  ISO 18000-6 type A air interface •  Reads the individual tag ID/wagon ID, date and time •  Speeds up to 30 km/h Update initiated by the Swedish Transport Administration!
  4. 4. 4 10-11-26 RFID in Rail SwedenGunnar Ivansson Alice Mukaru External support
  5. 5. 5 10-11-26 RFID in Rail • Speed over “160” km/h • Open standard • Potential EU-standard • Easy to maintain • Competitiveness • Robust • Possible to use in other transport systems RFID demands for a pre-study
  6. 6. 6 10-11-26 RFID in Rail Air interface: Reader Tagg UHF Gen2 Class1 ISO18000-6 typ C Data / informationstructur GS1 standards GIAI96 EPC IS STANDARDS What Where When Way What
  7. 7. 7 10-11-26 RFID in Rail Tag number EPC-kod: GIAI 96 (Header, FilterValue, Partition, Company Prefix, Individual Asset Reference) Company prefix, A/B + Wagon number 1/2 + 12 diggits User memory Transponder/tag EPC
  8. 8. 8 10-11-26 RFID in Rail Structure – RFID ReaderEPC Tagg Axle counters Company Internal Information system ISO18000-6 C GS1 - Standard EPCIS Database and Data switch What Where When Why
  9. 9. 9 10-11-26 RFID in Rail Falköping   Göteborg   EPCIS  Informa-on   What Where When Why Harbour     Informa6on   System   Terminal     Informa6on   System   Trafikverket     Informa6on   Systems   Pilot Göteborg   Falköping   Hällefors   Västerås   Avesta  
  10. 10. 10 10-11-26 RFID in Rail Göteborg Ongoing RFID projects: SSAB: Steel billet train Luleå - Borlänge Active RFID SCA: Paper wagons Munksund - Holmsund – Semi-active RFID Posten: Post train Stockholm – Göteborg – Passive RFID Inland terminal: Falköping - Göteborgs hamn - Passive RFID Volvo: Train shuttle Olofström – Göteborg – (Gent) - Passive RFID Green Cargo: Intermodal transports Helsingborg – Stockholm – Passive RFID Helsingborg Falköping Stockholm Olofström Borlänge Tväråbäck Koler Sävast Luleå SJ: X2000 “high speed” train Stockholm – Göteborg 200km/h - Passive RFID
  11. 11. 11 10-11-26 RFID in Rail RFID: •  Know which reader locations a wagon has passed •  Know in which zone (between reader locations) a wagon is GPS: •  Know in real-time where a train (locomotive + wagons) is RFID+GPS: •  Know in real-time the exact position of every individual wagon RFID - GPS (satellite positioning)
  12. 12. 12 10-11-26 RFID in Rail •  Combine detector measurement and alarms with correct vehicle •  Lower costs for track maintenance, •  Less disruption of traffic •  Correct train assembly •  Correct charging Benefits for Trafikverket/ Swedish Transport Administration
  13. 13. 13 10-11-26 RFID in Rail •  Track and trace wagons •  Proactive vehicle maintenance based on input from trackside detectors •  Combine detector alarms with correct vehicle •  Lower cost for vehicle maintenance •  Less disruption of traffic •  More effective shunting of freight wagons •  Correct train assembly •  Correct charging Benefits for Railway companies
  14. 14. 14 10-11-26 RFID in Rail •  Enables intermodal transport •  Track and trace wagons and freight across the whole of Europe •  Better use of resources •  Lower freight costs •  Reduced environmental impact •  Correct charging Benefits for the customer of cargo transports
  15. 15. 15 10-11-26 RFID in Rail •  Build an infrastructure of 500-700 RFID readers along Swedish Transport Administration’s tracks •  Major junctions/stations •  Shunting yards •  Requirements specification for procurement of RFID readers 2010 •  Limited installation and deployment 2011 •  Full roll-out of RFID readers 2012-2013 Deployment in Sweden
  16. 16. 16 10-11-26 RFID in Rail 16 • Will build the infrastructure with 500-700 readers • Will strive for a European standard • Wagon owners will tag their own wagons • Than it’s up to the market to get use of the information provided to develop new services and business Transport Administration Railway companies / operators Market Future:
  17. 17. 17 10-11-26 RFID in Rail European co-operation Direct contacts established with: •  Norway •  Finland •  UK •  Switzerland •  France (incl. Poland and Spain) •  (Belgium)
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