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1
IoT in Rail Systems
Trains, Metro Rail and Light/Urban Rail
Network Business Division, ALE
2
Rail
• Urban Rail
• Main Line Rail
• High Speed Trains
Sea
• Ports
• Logistics & Freight
• Cargo Ships
Airport
Data Cent...
3
ALE building blocks for the rail transport market
Networking
Applications
Communications
Foundation
to enable
WIFI
Secur...
4
IoT connected devices in rail systems
IoT has become a necessity
in Rail systems
•Pictures from: http://us.boschsecurity...
5
How secure are my network devices, Wi-Fi,
Internet access and communication systems?
What additional risks do I need
to ...
6
Team of hackers take remote control of Tesla
Model S from 12 miles away *1
$$$
$500K+
in lost fares per day
due to cyber...
7
Vulnerable IoT connected sub-systems on rail networks
Interlocking
& control
Internet
on train
Conductor
information
Tic...
8
One ALE private network for every department
Secure access, secure separation with IoT containment
Metro/Rail
Signaling ...
9
One network infrastructure
Unified Management with Smart Analytics
One network with a single management and control syst...
10
Skype AirPlayOUIGORainbow
Lower
priority
Optimize
jitter & latency
Blacklist
Reserve
bandwidth
Limit
Bandwidth
Prioriti...
11
ALE network security
Cyber threat protection built into every switch
ALE protects against cyber threats with a multi-
l...
12
ALE network solution for railways
From the edge to the core
Admin
Station/Airport shops
Security
Video Protection
Cell
...
13
Railway network example
Ground-to-Trains & On-board
Analytics and
Management
Data
Center
EN50121 Compliance
Fan-Less
Ha...
14
“Nothing works in the Gotthard Base Tunnel without
the switches from Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise”
Connect 70,000 data poi...
15
100+ railroad customers worldwide
ÖBB Infrastruktur AG
RATP
Metro De Santiago S.A.
SBB Swizerland
DMRC - Delhi Metro Ra...
16
16
Global presence with specialized integrators
Global support for large projects
Installation, Integration, commission...
17
Key benefits
Increased value for
rail authorities
Solutions enabling rail authorities
to deploy innovative services,
qu...
18
linkedin.com/company/alcatellucententerprise
twitter.com/ALUEnterprise
facebook.com/ALUEnterprise
youtube.com/user/ente...
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IoT in Rail: Trains, Metro Rail and Light/Urban Rail

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Rail systems rely on technology for a range of operational needs. The evolution of the Internet of Things, IoT, requires a different approach to the IT infrastructure supporting a rail system. Mobility, IoT and Ethernet are the common technologies that are taking on bigger roles in evolving rail networks that keep passengers safe and happy.

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IoT in Rail: Trains, Metro Rail and Light/Urban Rail

  1. 1. 1 IoT in Rail Systems Trains, Metro Rail and Light/Urban Rail Network Business Division, ALE
  2. 2. 2 Rail • Urban Rail • Main Line Rail • High Speed Trains Sea • Ports • Logistics & Freight • Cargo Ships Airport Data Center Main line railways Tunel ruggedized backbone Wi- Fi IoT connected Backup Control Center Seaport Wi- Fi BACKBON E Core Network Urban railways Toll Passenger info & Wi-Fi Highways Operational efficiency Safety & SecurityPassenger Experience Increase capacity, safety & comfort Decrease costs & risk Challenges Road • Road Authorities • Motorways • Connected Buses Air • Airports • Air Traffic Control • Airline Companies
  3. 3. 3 ALE building blocks for the rail transport market Networking Applications Communications Foundation to enable WIFI Secure rail transportation solution Quick deployment of innovative services Strong return on investments
  4. 4. 4 IoT connected devices in rail systems IoT has become a necessity in Rail systems •Pictures from: http://us.boschsecurity.com; http://www.hongkongtoyclub.com/images/Railroad_crossing.jpg; http://www.data-display.com/file/images/homepage/heathrow-express- platform-display.jpg; http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2015/02/22/16B586EE000005DC-2964259-image-a-12_1424637100654.jpg; http://www.peco- uk.com/imageselector/Backgrounds/news/OHLE%20cov%20shot_1000.jpg; http://www04.abb.com/global/seitp/seitp202.nsf/0/829c670f5dba8755c1257e2d002af6d4/$file/Brig2.jpg; https://i.ytimg.com/vi/33y3E7mqZYM/hqdefault.jpg; http://image.digitalinsightresearch.in/Uploads/ImageLibrary/Active/2016Q3/2.NRI/Railway/Features/virgin%20BEAM.jpg
  5. 5. 5 How secure are my network devices, Wi-Fi, Internet access and communication systems? What additional risks do I need to consider? Attacks on ‘non-critical’ networks, such as entertainment systems, passenger Wi-Fi, ticketing kiosks, IP cameras, etc. They are all vulnerable and have the same issues with access control, single point of entry, etc. High-impact potential with hundreds of thousands (or more) devices on the network Any compromised device can be a gateway to the network The concerns about Cyber Security and rail transportation Rail, aviation and car manufacturers and operators can expect many more attacks on their distributed IT assets and networks in the coming year. Source: Razor Secure http://railwayinnovation.com/are-the-railways-safe-from-cyber-attacks-3-things-you-need-to-know/
  6. 6. 6 Team of hackers take remote control of Tesla Model S from 12 miles away *1 $$$ $500K+ in lost fares per day due to cyber attack on San Francisco Rail *2 Data breaches cannot be disregarded 66% of organizations are not ready to address security issues for remote assets *2 Hackers held San Francisco's light-rail system for ransom; more than 2100 devices hacked (11, 2016) *2 4 Cyber attacks in one year on UK railways*4 90% of Railway passengers in Europe use suburban and regional rail *3 NOTES: *1: The Guardian , Sep 2016: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/sep/20/tesla-model-s-chinese-hack-remote-control-brakes; *2: http://railwayinnovation.com/are-the- railways-safe-from-cyber-attacks-3-things-you-need-to-know/; *3: http://www.uitp.org/foster-rail-rsr-europe, April 2016; *4: http://www.infrastructure-intelligence.com/article/jul-2016/uk- railways-had-4-major-cyberattacks-one-year
  7. 7. 7 Vulnerable IoT connected sub-systems on rail networks Interlocking & control Internet on train Conductor information Ticketing & passenger info Positive train control Video surveillance
  8. 8. 8 One ALE private network for every department Secure access, secure separation with IoT containment Metro/Rail Signaling & Control Security & Services Metro/Train Station Administration Signaling Container Traveller Services Container Security Container Enabling IoT adoption securely and efficiently Authorize Classify Auto Pro vision SECURITY PROFILE Container Quality Security • Allow SIP video • Drop all other traffic
  9. 9. 9 One network infrastructure Unified Management with Smart Analytics One network with a single management and control system Network-Wide Unified Management deploying monitoring alert management troubleshooting downtime resolution Network Analytics Monitors, collects & reports network resource consumption Admin Station/Airport shops Security Video Protection Cell tower Office Passenger info signaling Emergency Phone Interlocking & control Weather Station Ticketing machine
  10. 10. 10 Skype AirPlayOUIGORainbow Lower priority Optimize jitter & latency Blacklist Reserve bandwidth Limit Bandwidth Prioritize FaceTime Visit ParisVia Rail Visibility Control Application visibility and predictability  One ALE private network for every department Smart Analytics: Visibility brings control
  11. 11. 11 ALE network security Cyber threat protection built into every switch ALE protects against cyber threats with a multi- layered approach to security: Users Devices Applications and analytics Network integrity IoT containment User & Device authentication Access Guardian Quarantine Manager CodeGuardian ALE IoT Security CERTIFIED NDcPP Common Criteria JITC certified Key elements in our overall network security strategy
  12. 12. 12 ALE network solution for railways From the edge to the core Admin Station/Airport shops Security Video Protection Cell tower Office Passenger info signaling Emergency Phone Interlocking & control Weather Station Ticketing machine Core Backbone Access
  13. 13. 13 Railway network example Ground-to-Trains & On-board Analytics and Management Data Center EN50121 Compliance Fan-Less Hardened POE ++ 1G/10G Backbone Metro Ethernet ERPv2 SPB-M L2-VPN L3-VPN Core 10G/40G Edge 100M/1G+
  14. 14. 14 “Nothing works in the Gotthard Base Tunnel without the switches from Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise” Connect 70,000 data points in jungle like conditions with extreme heat (40+ oC), high humidity (70+ %), dust, for voice and data communications Convection cooling only Tight schedule, restricted space and access during construction and service Operations communications, emergency and standard phones, public address system Rugged network tunnel monitoring & control system 1000+ Ruggedized Ethernet switches 2500 CCTV IP cameras Safe and Reliable operation of high- speed trains (passenger and freight) Centralized monitoring and control from Tunnel Control Center Tunnel designed to last 100 years with Ruggedized switches to match Challenges Solution Benefits World’s longest rail tunnel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TWKMHsQGpMY
  15. 15. 15 100+ railroad customers worldwide ÖBB Infrastruktur AG RATP Metro De Santiago S.A. SBB Swizerland DMRC - Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Nanjing Rail Transit Prorail BV Netherland Railways Of The Slovak Republic Shanghai Shentong Metro REFER – Portugal Honolulu Rail Transit Nyctransit USA Københavns Metro Denmark METRO DE MEDELLIN Colombia Saudi Railways Organization (NSR) Latvian Railway Infrabel - Sncb SNCF HVV Hamburger Verkehrsverbund Riyadh Metro L1-2 Egypt National Railway Medina Mecca Metro Hyderabad Metro Northbound Cityringen CPH Metro SP L17 Metro Dublin Ourgla Tramway Florence Tramway Sidi Belabbes Tramway Adif Tram Casa L1- Morocco Dubai Metro St Gothard Rail Tunnel Transit Wireless Montreal Subway Conrail East Coast Railroad ATM Milano Metro Metro Madrid Metro Malaga Metro Barcelona Kochi Metro
  16. 16. 16 16 Global presence with specialized integrators Global support for large projects Installation, Integration, commissioning, FAT, iFAT Long term services contract Locale presence, locale currency transaction Importation, custom and transport Our strongest asset: A worldwide network of Accredited Business Partners +1234 Business Partners 230 Direct Resellers 74 Distributors & training centers 930 Indirect Resellers
  17. 17. 17 Key benefits Increased value for rail authorities Solutions enabling rail authorities to deploy innovative services, quickly and securely, maximizing their long term investments Improved safety and security Helping transportation move to IP, IoT and real time applications, providing more options for safety and security Unique traveler services Solutions enabling rail authorities to deliver real-time, end-user/traveler services
  18. 18. 18 linkedin.com/company/alcatellucententerprise twitter.com/ALUEnterprise facebook.com/ALUEnterprise youtube.com/user/enterpriseALU enterprise.alcatel-lucent.com

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