Cuban Missile Crisis

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summary of the events and outcomes during the Cuban Missile Crisis

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Cuban Missile Crisis

  1. 1. Cuban Missile Crisis
  2. 2. <ul><li>January 1959 Fidel Castro comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>December 1960 Cuba aligns itself with the Soviets </li></ul><ul><li>January 1961 The U.S.A cuts off relations with Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>April 1961 a U.S backed group of Cuban exiles invade Cuba in an attempt to overthrow Castro </li></ul><ul><li>July 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Castro announces that Cuba is taking certain measures that would be the equivalent to world war if America attacked (he attributes this to help from the Soviets </li></ul>Event Outline:
  3. 3. <ul><li>August 1962 U.S senate is alerted to the fact that there is evidence of Soviet missile installations in Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>September 1962 Soviet Foreign Minister warns America that any attack on Cuba would mean war with the soviets </li></ul><ul><li>14 October 1962 U-2 plane flying over Cuba discovers missile sights. Photographs are taken and sent back to U.S </li></ul><ul><li>26 October 1962 Khrushchev replies to letter from Kennedy saying that he will remove the missiles if America promises not to invade Cuba </li></ul>Continued:
  4. 4. Conclusion: <ul><li>27 October 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>America agrees never to invade Cuba if Soviets remove missiles… </li></ul><ul><li>28 October 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev announces over Moscow radio that he has agreed to remove the Missiles from Cuba </li></ul>
  5. 5. CAUSES OF THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS
  6. 6. Soviet Insecurity The U.S had missiles 150 miles from the USSR KRUSHCHEV= FELT THREATEND BY THIS FACT AND THOUGHT THAT HAVING MISSILES IN CUBA WOULD BE AN ADVANTAGE… &quot;Why shouldn't the Soviet Union have the right to do the same as America?&quot; -Nikita Khrushchev
  7. 7. Fear of U.S invasion The Castro government feared U.S invasion and joined forces with the Soviets to prevent that happening &quot;If I had been a Cuban leader at that time, I might well have concluded that there was a great risk of U.S. invasion.&quot; - Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defence
  8. 8. Cuba became a pawn in the war between the Soviets and the Americans
  9. 9. <ul><li>This tension between the two powers escalated to the brink of nuclear war… </li></ul>
  10. 10. outcomes The groundwork was set up for anti-nuclear weapon Treaties resulting in the Nuclear test ban treaty America promised not to invade Cuba Better communications were set up between the Soviets and the U.S with a permanent hotline direct from the Kremlin to the White House

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