1. The Advance of mHealth The Application of Mobile Technology in Public Health
2. “The most exciting breakthroughs of the 21st century will not occur because of technology but because of an expanding concept of what it means to be human.” ~John Naisbitt
3. “Were changing theworld with technology.” ~ Bill Gates
4. The cell phone went from the device that wasthe fourth “hardest to do without” in 2002 to thenumber one slot in 2007. “Mobile Access to Data and Information”, Pew Internet Project
5. Here Comes Mobile Thirty-nine percent of Americans have positive and improving attitudes about their mobile communication devices, which in turn draws them further into engagement with digital resources – on both wireless and wireline platforms.”The Mobile Difference”, Pew Internet Project
6. Short SMS Stats
7. 270+ millionwireless subscribersin the U.S.Source: CTIA
8. Wireless only households increased from 8.4% (2005) to 17.5% (2008) Source: CTIA
9. One trillion text messageswere sent in 2008Source: CTIA
10. Mobile Phone Trivia: How many mobile phones areequipped with SMS (text) function?
11. Answer: 95%Source: CTIA
12. Time to Make Use of TheseTechnologies for PublicHealth!
13. What is mHealth?
14. mHealth is the use of mobilecommunications – such as PDAs and mobile phones – for health services and information
15. Health Information + The Web 8 out of 10 American Internet users have searched for information on at least 1 of 17 health topicsSource: Online Health Search 2006, Pew Internet Study
16. Mobile Tech in Public Health• Dissemination of Health Information• Remote Data Collection Tool• Consumer Interaction Point for Location- Based Health Information
17. OTHER COUNTRIES > UNITED STATES
18. Credit: DataDyne.org
19. Dissemination of Health Information
20. Remote Data Collection
21. FrontlineSMS is free software that turns alaptop and a mobile phone into a centralcommunications hub. Once installed, theprogram enables users to send andreceive text messages with large groupsof people through mobile phones.
22. Mobiles in Malawi• A donated laptop, 100 recycled cell phones, and a copy of FrontlineSMS• SMS-based communications network for a rural hospital and its community health workers in Malawi• Allows hospital to respond to requests for: – rendering emergency medical care – tracking patients – recording HIV and TB drug adherence – staying updated on patient status – providing instant drug dosage/usage information
23. Consumer Interaction
24. “[Mobile communication] is an avenue through which we will get the accurate, credible information we need to inform healthier decisions.” ~Dr. Jay Bernhardt CDC Center for Health Marketing
25. What Next?
26. • More focus on medical adherence for patients• Feedback on quality of care• Increased focus on interaction with at-risk populations• More efficient ways to receive health information• Location-based services