Contribution of compact city to urban sustainability

2,558 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,558
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
150
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Contribution of compact city to urban sustainability

  1. 1. COMPACT CITIES ITS RELEVANCE IN TODAY’S CONTEXT SUBMITTED BY: NAINA GUPTA
  2. 2. DENSE AND PROXIMATE DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS URBAN AREAS LINKED BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM ACCESSIBILTY TO LOCAL SERVICES & JOBS •Urban land is intensively utilised. •Urban agglomerations are contiguous or close together. •Distinct border between urban and rural land use. •Public spaces are secured. •Effective use of urban land. •Public transport systems facilitate mobility in urban areas •Land use is mixed •Most residents have access to local services either on foot or using public transport
  3. 3. Urban infrastructure and urban planning  Transportation  Building and residence  Consciousness and action of residents 
  4. 4. Counteraction against urban expansion (1930s-) •Protection of natural environment & agricultural land Further evolution •Further environmental concern •Creativity and viability of cities Wider urban policy goals (1960s-) •Inner-city renewals, liveability & diversity in urban centres •Energy crisis •Social inclusion Multidimensional policy goals (1990s-) •Urban sustainability •Climate change •Green growth
  5. 5. SUB CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPACT CIITY 1 SHORTER INTRAURBAN LEVEL DISTANCES / LESS AUTOMOBILE DEPENDENCY CONTRIBUTION TO URBAN SUSTAINABILTY ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC BENEFITS BENEFITS BENEFITS -FEWER CO2 EMISSIONS -LESS POLLUTION FROM AUTOMOBILES -GREATER ACCESSIBILTY DUE TO LOWER TRANSPORT COST -HIGHER MOBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITHOUT ACCESS TO A CAR -HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY DUE TO SHORTER TRAVEL TIME FOR WORKERS -DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN JOBS/ TECHNOLOGIES 2 MORE DISTRICT WIDE-ENERGY UTILISATION AND LOCAL ENERGY GENERATION -LESS ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA -FEWER CO2 EMISSIONS -DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN JOBS/ TECHNOLOGIES -MORE ENERGY DEPENDENCE
  6. 6. 3 OPTIMUM USE OF LAND RESOURCES & MORE OPPURTUNITY FOR URBAN-RURAL LINKAGE -FEWER CO2 EMISSIONS DUE TO SHORTER TRAVEL MILEAGE -HIGHER QUALITY OF LIFE DUE TO MORE RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES -RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (URBAN AGRICULTURE, RENEWABLE ENERGY,ETC.) 4 MORE EFFICIENT PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY - -PUBLIC SERVICE LEVEL FOR SOCIAL WELFARE MAINTAINED BY IMPROVED EFFICIENCY -LOWER INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS & COST OF MAINTENANCE 5 BETTER ACCESS TO A DIVERSITY OF LOCAL SERVICES & JOBS - -HIGHER QUALITY OF LIFE DUE TO ACCESS TO LOCAL SERVICES (SHOPS, HOSPITALS ETC.) -SKILLED LABOUR FORCE ATTRACTED BY HIGH QUALITY OF LIFE - CONSERVATION OF FARMLANDS & NATURAL BIODIVERSITY
  7. 7. CATEGORY •Population & urban land growth •Population density on urban land •Retrofitting existing urban land •Intensive use of buildings •Housing form •Trip distance •Urban land cover •Trips using public transport •Proximity to public transport Accessibility to local services and jobs INDICATORS RELATED TO THE IMPACT OF COMPACT CITY POLICIES Dense and proximate development patterns Urban areas linked by public transport systems INDICATORS RELATED TO COMPACTNESS INDICATOR •Matching jobs & homes •Matching local services & homes •Proximity to local services •Trips on foot and by bicycle Environmental •Public space and green areas •Transport energy use •Residential energy use Social Economic •Affordability •Public service
  8. 8. Compact cities can play a significant role in responding to current urban trends:  Continuing urbanisation underscores the need to conserve land resources . By 2050, 70% of the world’s population & 86% in OECD countries will live in urban areas . Land consumption for built-up areas will increase more rapidly than the population in 30 out of 34 OECD countries. Global warming raises new issues for cities and requires new responses. Increasing energy prices can affect living patterns, for example by raising transport costs. The recent economic crisis has affected local governments finances, making it more difficult to invest in new infrastructure. As demographics change , policy makers need to adapt urban policies . The elderly population has doubled over the past 60 years in OECD countries and tripled worldwide. The average household size has also decreasedin OECD countries.
  9. 9. THANK YOU...!!!

×