The Origins Of WW II Slideshare


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  • The Origins Of WW II Slideshare

    1. 1. The Origins of WORLD WAR II
    2. 2. We want to explain … <ul><li>How and why dictators rose in Europe and the Pacific in the 1920s and 1930s. </li></ul><ul><li>Why the United States remained isolated for most of the decade of the 1930s, and how they responded to the aggression of Germany, Italy, and Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>the steps leading to war in Europe in 1939, and the extent of Axis control of the continent by 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>The reasons for growing tension between the US and Japan, leading up to a day of “infamy”. </li></ul>
    3. 4. In Europe in the 1930s, the stage was set for the rise of dictators who would rule in a TOTALITARIAN system <ul><li>TOTALITARIAN </li></ul><ul><li>complete rule by a single party and its leader, in which all aspects of people’s lives are controlled without opposition </li></ul>
    4. 5. The Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Harsh punishment to Germany – BRAT – led to resentment </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union lost a great deal of land , including ports </li></ul><ul><li>Italy felt that they didn’t get enough </li></ul><ul><li>New democracies were set up, but had no tradition of rule, no help rebuilding </li></ul>
    5. 6. The League of Nations <ul><li>Without the membership of the U.S., the League was a failure </li></ul><ul><li>Peace was not kept in the world </li></ul><ul><li>No way to enforce disarmament </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy drop out </li></ul>
    6. 7. The Global Depression <ul><li>Large numbers of unemployed people brought about discontentment </li></ul><ul><li>Dictators could rise to power easily </li></ul>
    7. 8. The Rise of Dictators
    8. 9. GERMANY
    9. 10. Adolf Hitler <ul><li>Der Fuhrer </li></ul>
    10. 11. Hitler rises to power in Germany <ul><li>National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism, racism, expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Lebrensbraun </li></ul><ul><li>The Third Reich </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Communist </li></ul>
    11. 12. ITALY
    12. 13. Benito Mussolini <ul><li>Il </li></ul><ul><li>Duce </li></ul>
    13. 14. Mussolini rises to power in Italy <ul><li>Fascism – strong central government headed by a powerful dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Military expansion and extreme nationalism </li></ul>
    14. 15. SOVIET UNION
    15. 16. Joseph Stalin Man of Steel
    16. 17. Stalin’s rise to power in the USSR Communist Collective farms, state run industry Paranoid- destroy all opposition
    17. 18. JAPAN
    18. 19. Military Leaders <ul><li>such as Hideki Tojo </li></ul>
    19. 20. Military Leaders rise to power in Japan <ul><li>Looked to expand Japan’s power in the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted more land and resources </li></ul>
    20. 22. The Road to War in Europe
    21. 23. Germany begins mobilization in 1935
    22. 24. Germany takes the Rhineland in 1936
    23. 26. Germany and Italy support Fascist revolution in Spain
    24. 27. Italy invades Ethiopia , later takes Albania
    25. 28. Germany annexes Austria ( the Anschluss )
    26. 30. Germany occupies the Sudetenland
    27. 32. The Munich Pact is signed France and Britain were hesitant to enter another war, due to problems with WWI and war debt met with Hitler in 1938, allowed Germany to take Sudetenland if no other land was taken Churchill called this Appeasement
    28. 33. Germany occupies the rest of Czechoslovakia
    29. 34. Germany and Italy form the Axis The Pact of Steel
    30. 36. Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact of 1939 is signed
    31. 37. Germany invades Poland <ul><li>Using BLITZKRIEG – lightning war </li></ul>
    32. 38. Great Britain and France declare war on Germany
    33. 39. The Soviet Union acquires part of Poland and ports in the Baltic states
    34. 40. Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact
    35. 41. Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania join the Axis
    36. 42. Denmark Norway
    37. 43. The Netherlands Belgium Luxemborg
    38. 44. Germany takes Western Europe
    39. 45. Germany marches on France , takes over Paris
    40. 47. Germany attacks Great Britain
    41. 48. The Battle of Britain
    42. 49. Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
    43. 51. Germany invades the Soviet Union
    44. 52. Germany invades the Soviet Union
    45. 56. The Soviet Union allies with Britain and France