Causes Europe

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Causes Europe

  1. 1. Causes of World War II EUROPE
  2. 2. Germany <ul><li>March 1935- Hitler denounces VT and starts massive rearmament campaign. </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations objected but did nothing </li></ul><ul><li>The Leagues failure to do anything convinced Hitler to take greater risk </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini likewise noticed what happened. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mussolini attacks Ethiopia <ul><li>Italy was defeated by Ethiopia in the 1890s. </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1935 Italy invaded and conquered the African Nation easily. </li></ul>
  4. 4. League of Nations reaction to Italian invasion <ul><li>Condemned it but did nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France hoped to keep the peace in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>“ God and history will remember your judgment..It is us today. It will be you tomorrow ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Haile Selassie </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Emperor </li></ul>
  5. 5. German Expansion: A Turning Point!!!! <ul><li>March 1936-Germany reoccupies the Rhineland </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Rhineland according to the VT treaty? </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Rhineland: Reactions <ul><li>France is shocked </li></ul><ul><li>Britain urged appeasement </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1936 “Rome-Berlin Pact” </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1936 Japan allies with Italy and Germany forming the AXIS powers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Meanwhile in Spain: Civil War <ul><li>Spain is a monarchy until 1931- turned into a republic </li></ul><ul><li>July 1936 the Army wanting a Fascist style gov’t revolted. Lead by Francisco Franco </li></ul>
  8. 8. Meanwhile in Spain: Civil War <ul><li>3 yr Civil War 1936-1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist -Fascist vs.. Replicans -democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler and Mus. Supported Nationalist </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets supported Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist under Franco won! </li></ul>
  9. 9. The German Reich expands: to unite all German speaking people. “Today Germany! Tomorrow the World” <ul><li>VT prohibited Anchluss: the unification of Austria and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>March 1938 Hitler invaded Austria and annexed it. </li></ul><ul><li>LoN did nothing </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Third Reich Expands: Czechoslovakia <ul><li>Germany wanted the Sudetenland: the German speaking portion of Czech. </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1938 Hitler demanded the territory </li></ul><ul><li>Czech gov’t fearing invasion asked for help from GB and France. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Munich Conference <ul><li>France and Great Britain prepared for war. </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini proposed a conference between all countries involved </li></ul><ul><li>They met on </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 29, 1938 </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Munich Conference <ul><li>British Prime Minister Chamberlin wanted appeasement . </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France agreed to let Hitler have the Sudetenland if Czech borders were respected thereafter. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler agreed </li></ul><ul><li>War was avoided (for now) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Further Fascist Aggression <ul><li>6 months later Hitler takes all of Czech </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini seizes Albania </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler demands Polish port of Danzig. </li></ul><ul><li>Poles plead to France and Great Britain for help. </li></ul>
  14. 15. The Nonaggression Pact <ul><li>Stalin resented being left out of Munich Conference. </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets and Nazis signed non aggression pact August 23, 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>War seemed inevitable </li></ul>

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