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THE FEDERALTHE FEDERAL
LAWMAKING PROCESSLAWMAKING PROCESS
(or, How a(or, How a
billbill
becomes abecomes a
law)law)
Articl...
A BILLA BILL
is ais a
draft ordraft or
idea foridea for
a lawa law
Both houses canBoth houses can
also passalso pass
RESOLUTIONS,RESOLUTIONS,
which arewhich are
officialofficial
statements ...
NOTE - The lawmaking process
may begin in either the Senate
or the House of
Representatives!!
Except for REVENUE, or tax b...
committees
act as
filtersfilters for
bills of
common
subjects
LIST
subcommittees
investigateinvestigate the
bill
reportreport the bill to the entire House favorably orthe bill to the entire House favorably or
unfavorablyunfavorably
cha...
D
A
V
3) The Bill goes to theThe Bill goes to the House FloorHouse Floor forfor
actionaction
On the House Floor, the Repre...
Debate isDebate is
limited in thelimited in the
HouseHouse
Votes are publicVotes are public
- not secret- not secret
Votes...
committees
act as
filtersfilters for
bills of
common
subjects
LIST
subcommittees
investigateinvestigate the
bill
reportreport the bill to the entire House favorably orthe bill to the entire House favorably or
unfavorablyunfavorably
cha...
6) The bill goes to the Senate Floor for
action
Senators can debate, amend, and vote
on the bill
If the bill receives a ma...
Some interesting tidbits ofSome interesting tidbits of
info about debating andinfo about debating and
voting in the Senate...
Some interesting tidbits ofSome interesting tidbits of
info about debating andinfo about debating and
voting in the Senate...
LOBBYISTSLOBBYISTS
• Representatives ofRepresentatives of
special interests groupsspecial interests groups
who meet with m...
They will meet and try toThey will meet and try to iron out theiron out the
differencesdifferences andand pass the bill th...
Presidential Action –Presidential Action –
four optionsfour options
the bill goes backthe bill goes back
to Congress,to Congress,
with a messagewith a message
from thefrom the
PresidentPresi...
Pocket VetoPocket Veto
2/32/3 2/32/3
What about theWhat about the
Judicial Branch?Judicial Branch?
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
The Federal Lawmaking Process
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The Federal Lawmaking Process

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The Federal Lawmaking Process

  1. 1. THE FEDERALTHE FEDERAL LAWMAKING PROCESSLAWMAKING PROCESS (or, How a(or, How a billbill becomes abecomes a law)law) Article I,Article I, Section 7Section 7
  2. 2. A BILLA BILL is ais a draft ordraft or idea foridea for a lawa law
  3. 3. Both houses canBoth houses can also passalso pass RESOLUTIONS,RESOLUTIONS, which arewhich are officialofficial statements (butstatements (but not laws)not laws)
  4. 4. NOTE - The lawmaking process may begin in either the Senate or the House of Representatives!! Except for REVENUE, or tax bills - they mustExcept for REVENUE, or tax bills - they must begin in the Housebegin in the House (it(it’s in the Constitution)’s in the Constitution)
  5. 5. committees act as filtersfilters for bills of common subjects LIST
  6. 6. subcommittees investigateinvestigate the bill
  7. 7. reportreport the bill to the entire House favorably orthe bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorablyunfavorably changechange oror amendamend the billthe bill killkill the bill -the bill - “pigeonhole” it“pigeonhole” it
  8. 8. D A V 3) The Bill goes to theThe Bill goes to the House FloorHouse Floor forfor actionaction On the House Floor, the Representatives can debate, amend, and vote on the bill A majority (50%+1) of the House must approve the bill for it to move on
  9. 9. Debate isDebate is limited in thelimited in the HouseHouse Votes are publicVotes are public - not secret- not secret Votes areVotes are usually takenusually taken electronicallyelectronically
  10. 10. committees act as filtersfilters for bills of common subjects LIST
  11. 11. subcommittees investigateinvestigate the bill
  12. 12. reportreport the bill to the entire House favorably orthe bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorablyunfavorably changechange oror amendamend the billthe bill killkill the bill -the bill - “pigeonhole” it“pigeonhole” it
  13. 13. 6) The bill goes to the Senate Floor for action Senators can debate, amend, and vote on the bill If the bill receives a majority (50% +1) vote, the bill will move on D A V
  14. 14. Some interesting tidbits ofSome interesting tidbits of info about debating andinfo about debating and voting in the Senatevoting in the Senate • Voting is done usually by roll call,Voting is done usually by roll call, publicpublic • Debate in the Senate isDebate in the Senate is UNLIMITEDUNLIMITED!! • Senators can talk for as long asSenators can talk for as long as they possibly can - this is called athey possibly can - this is called a filibusterfilibuster
  15. 15. Some interesting tidbits ofSome interesting tidbits of info about debating andinfo about debating and voting in the Senatevoting in the Senate • Senators can add different lawsSenators can add different laws to the bills being discussed.to the bills being discussed. • These additions are often calledThese additions are often called ridersriders • Such bills are referred to asSuch bills are referred to as CHRISTMAS TREE BILLSCHRISTMAS TREE BILLS Why? To help the bill get passed –Why? To help the bill get passed – of to make sure it doesnof to make sure it doesn’t get’t get passedpassed
  16. 16. LOBBYISTSLOBBYISTS • Representatives ofRepresentatives of special interests groupsspecial interests groups who meet with memberswho meet with members of both houses to try toof both houses to try to persuade them to votepersuade them to vote for specific programsfor specific programs • Some are full time,Some are full time, some are hired outsome are hired out • Registered Federal Lobbyist DatabaseRegistered Federal Lobbyist Database
  17. 17. They will meet and try toThey will meet and try to iron out theiron out the differencesdifferences andand pass the bill through bothpass the bill through both houses againhouses again
  18. 18. Presidential Action –Presidential Action – four optionsfour options
  19. 19. the bill goes backthe bill goes back to Congress,to Congress, with a messagewith a message from thefrom the PresidentPresident
  20. 20. Pocket VetoPocket Veto
  21. 21. 2/32/3 2/32/3
  22. 22. What about theWhat about the Judicial Branch?Judicial Branch?

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