Sir Philip Sidney Scholar, poet, soldier Upper-class connects but modest Attended Oxford and Cambridge Composed the 1st great sonnet sequence in English: Astrophel and Stella
Astrophel and Stella Sonnet sequence Astrophel’s love for Stella Inspired by Penelope Devereux (Stella) and Sir Philip Sidney (Astrophel) Devereux & Sidney engaged, broken off, Penelope marries another
Petrarchan Sonnet: Format Iambic pentameter 10 syllables per line: 5 stressed, 5 unstressed Divided into 2 sections by 2 different groups of rhyming sounds: octave and sestet Volta: a change from one rhyme group to another, signifies a change in subject matter. Usually the main point/essential part of a sonnet. In a Petrarchan sonnet, this occurs between the octave and the sestet.
Petrarchan Sonnet: Format First 8 lines = octave Octave rhyme scheme:a b b a a b b a Remaining 6 lines =sestet Can have either 2 or 3 rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways: c d c d c d c d d c d c c d e c d e c d e c e d c d c e d c c d c d e e
What are we looking for? Rhyme scheme? Addressed to what/whom? Discussing what/whom? Metaphor? Feelings toward his love?
With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb'st the skies! How silently, and with how wan a face ! What, may it be that even in heavenly place That busy archer his sharp arrows tries? Sure, if that long with love-acquainted eyes Can judge of love, thou feel'st a lover's case; I read it in thy looks; thy languished grace To me that feel the like, thy state descries. Then, even of fellowship, O Moon, tell me, Is constant love deemed there but want of wit? Are beauties there as proud as here they be? Do they above love to be loved, and yet Those lovers scorn whom that love doth possess? Do they call virtue there, ungratefulness?
What are we looking for? Rhyme scheme? abbaabbacdcdee Addressed to what/whom? The moon Discussing what/whom? Frustrations with relationship, lovesickness for a woman Metaphor? Sees his own lovesickness mirrored in the pale moon Feelings toward his love? Lovesick, sad, unattainable