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Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes
 

Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes

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    Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes The Articles of Confederation
    • Chapter 8 Section 1 Terms
      • Natural Rights
      • Constitution
      • Republic
      • Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
      • Suffrage
      • Articles of Confederation
      • Ratification
      • Land Ordinance of 1785
      • NW Ordinance of 1787
      • NW Territory
    • Ideas Behind Government
      • Americans were influenced by earlier government models like the Magna Carta (which limited central power) and the English BOR (which gave people a stronger voice in gov)
      • Another influence was John Locke, who said that there was a “contract” between leaders and the people and that the leaders had to protect the people’s natural rights (freedom and equality before the law)
    • Ideas Behind Government Cont.
      • Americans also looked to their own ideas like New England Town Meetings and the Virginia House of Burgessess, which was an effective legislative government
      • They wanted a constitution , or set of basic principles and laws that determine powers and duties of gov
    • The State Constitutions
      • After independence, many states set up their own constitutions based on the idea of a republic , or a gov where the head is elected and people hold political power
      • The states also set up a protection of liberties. In the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom , Thomas Jefferson set up the concept of freedom of religion and the separation of Church and State
      • They also extended voting rights ( suffrage ) to their citizens
    • Forming a Union
      • In June of 1776, the Continental Congress set of a “Committee of 13” to draft a new gov document
      • The result was the Articles of Confederation , which set up a central gov with limited powers
      • All 13 states had to ratify , or formally approve the document
    • Forming a Union Continued
      • The legislative body under the Articles was the Confederation Congress
      • Congress could: coin and borrow money, make treaties and solve disputes between states
      • There was no executive or court system
    • Western Lands
      • To raise money, Congress passed the Land Ordinance of 1785 , which divided up the western lands into 36 lots of 640 acres.
      • The NW Ordinance of 1787 established that in the NW Territory (MI, WI, OH, IN, IL), there would be a system of limited self government and areas or 60,000 people or more could petition for state-hood by setting up their own constitutions and bills of rights. It also banned slavery in the region.