Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes

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Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Section 1 Notes The Articles of Confederation
  2. 2. Chapter 8 Section 1 Terms <ul><li>Natural Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification </li></ul><ul><li>Land Ordinance of 1785 </li></ul><ul><li>NW Ordinance of 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>NW Territory </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ideas Behind Government <ul><li>Americans were influenced by earlier government models like the Magna Carta (which limited central power) and the English BOR (which gave people a stronger voice in gov) </li></ul><ul><li>Another influence was John Locke, who said that there was a “contract” between leaders and the people and that the leaders had to protect the people’s natural rights (freedom and equality before the law) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ideas Behind Government Cont. <ul><li>Americans also looked to their own ideas like New England Town Meetings and the Virginia House of Burgessess, which was an effective legislative government </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted a constitution , or set of basic principles and laws that determine powers and duties of gov </li></ul>
  5. 5. The State Constitutions <ul><li>After independence, many states set up their own constitutions based on the idea of a republic , or a gov where the head is elected and people hold political power </li></ul><ul><li>The states also set up a protection of liberties. In the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom , Thomas Jefferson set up the concept of freedom of religion and the separation of Church and State </li></ul><ul><li>They also extended voting rights ( suffrage ) to their citizens </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forming a Union <ul><li>In June of 1776, the Continental Congress set of a “Committee of 13” to draft a new gov document </li></ul><ul><li>The result was the Articles of Confederation , which set up a central gov with limited powers </li></ul><ul><li>All 13 states had to ratify , or formally approve the document </li></ul>
  7. 7. Forming a Union Continued <ul><li>The legislative body under the Articles was the Confederation Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Congress could: coin and borrow money, make treaties and solve disputes between states </li></ul><ul><li>There was no executive or court system </li></ul>
  8. 8. Western Lands <ul><li>To raise money, Congress passed the Land Ordinance of 1785 , which divided up the western lands into 36 lots of 640 acres. </li></ul><ul><li>The NW Ordinance of 1787 established that in the NW Territory (MI, WI, OH, IN, IL), there would be a system of limited self government and areas or 60,000 people or more could petition for state-hood by setting up their own constitutions and bills of rights. It also banned slavery in the region. </li></ul>

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