The Poem Written by William Ernest Henly in 1875, Victorian England He wrote it from his hospital bed after having his leg amputated The poem has become important in pop culture and history- it will feature in the movie “Invictus” and was also recited by Timothy McVeigh- the Oklahoma City bomber before he was executed
The Poem Text Out of the night that covers me, Black as the pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul. In the fell clutch of circumstance I have not winced nor cried aloud. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the Horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds and shall find me unafraid. It matters not how strait the gate, How charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.
Background on South Africa Originally colonized by the Dutch, who brought their culture and language (Afrikaans), call themselves Afrikaners The English fought the Dutch and took over South African in the Boer War The system of Apartheid in South Africa was set up to maintain control and power of the whites in the country
Background on South Africa Apartheid lasted from 1948-1994 It oppressed blacks- made them separate in all areas of life- medical, social, educational, etc, and their services were terrible compared to whites It also bred hatred and violence, killings, rapes, hangings of blacks and many were put in jail, including Nelson Mandela
Background on South Africa Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 for fighting for African rights He was released in 1990 and started to talk with the government about ending Apartheid
“Invictus” The Movie Madiba was elected the first African President in 1994 after all South Africans were considered equal (no more segregation). Huge task to unite the country – Blacks not entirely “equal” and whites resisting an African government. Used the Rugby World Cup as a way to unite the country, enter the film “Invictus”
“Invictus” The Movie Starts in 1994 before the World Cup Nelson Mandela is president and trying to reunite a very divided and chaotic country Characters: Nelson Mandela- Morgan Freeman Francis Pienaar- Matt Damon South African Team- Springboks Opponents- New Zealand All Blacks