Cause/Effect Signal Words

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  • Cause/Effect Signal Words

    1. 1. CAUSE & EFFECTSignal Words and Phrases
    2. 2. WHY STUDY CAUSE/EFFECT?
    3. 3. WHY STUDY CAUSE/EFFECT?• Certain words and phrases signal CAUSE/EFFECT relationships.
    4. 4. WHY STUDY CAUSE/EFFECT?• Certain words and phrases signal CAUSE/EFFECT relationships. • When reading a selection, understanding the relationship between MAIN EVENTS can help you comprehend the selection better.
    5. 5. WHY STUDY CAUSE/EFFECT?• Certain words and phrases signal CAUSE/EFFECT relationships. • When reading a selection, understanding the relationship between MAIN EVENTS can help you comprehend the selection better. • Ifyou understand how to use signal words/phrases, your summary of the selection helps others understand what’s going on in the selection.
    6. 6. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS
    7. 7. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For
    8. 8. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For • The buffalo were important to the Plains Indians, for this one animal provided them with everything they needed.
    9. 9. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For • The buffalo were important to the Plains Indians, for this one animal provided them with everything they needed.• Subordinators - because, since, as
    10. 10. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For • The buffalo were important to the Plains Indians, for this one animal provided them with everything they needed.• Subordinators - because, since, as • The buffalo were important because they provided everything the Plains Indians needed.
    11. 11. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For • The buffalo were important to the Plains Indians, for this one animal provided them with everything they needed.• Subordinators - because, since, as • The buffalo were important because they provided everything the Plains Indians needed.• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of
    12. 12. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Coordinators - For • The buffalo were important to the Plains Indians, for this one animal provided them with everything they needed.• Subordinators - because, since, as • The buffalo were important because they provided everything the Plains Indians needed.• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of • The buffalo’s disappearance resulted from overhunting.
    13. 13. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS
    14. 14. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS
    15. 15. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of
    16. 16. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of • The buffalo’s disappearance resulted from overhunting.
    17. 17. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of • The buffalo’s disappearance resulted from overhunting. • Buffalo nearly disappeared due to overhunting.
    18. 18. CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS• Others - resulted from/was the result of, due to/because of, effect of • The buffalo’s disappearance resulted from overhunting. • Buffalo nearly disappeared due to overhunting. • One effect of overhunting was the disappearance of nearly all the buffalo.
    19. 19. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS
    20. 20. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Transitions Words & Phrases - therefore, thus, consequently
    21. 21. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Transitions Words & Phrases - therefore, thus, consequently • Workers building the railroads needed meat; therefore, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands.
    22. 22. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Transitions Words & Phrases - therefore, thus, consequently • Workers building the railroads needed meat; therefore, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands. • The US Army needed meat; consequently, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands.
    23. 23. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Transitions Words & Phrases - therefore, thus, consequently • Workers building the railroads needed meat; therefore, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands. • The US Army needed meat; consequently, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands.• Coordinators - so
    24. 24. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Transitions Words & Phrases - therefore, thus, consequently • Workers building the railroads needed meat; therefore, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands. • The US Army needed meat; consequently, hunters killed buffalo by the thousands.• Coordinators - so • Plains Indians traded with settlers for goods, so they began killing buffalo in larger numbers.
    25. 25. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS
    26. 26. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Others - result in, caused, have an effect, the cause/reason for
    27. 27. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Others - result in, caused, have an effect, the cause/reason for • Overhunting resulted in the near extinction of buffalo.
    28. 28. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Others - result in, caused, have an effect, the cause/reason for • Overhunting resulted in the near extinction of buffalo. • Low numbers of buffalo had an effect on the lives of the Plains Indians.
    29. 29. EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS• Others - result in, caused, have an effect, the cause/reason for • Overhunting resulted in the near extinction of buffalo. • Low numbers of buffalo had an effect on the lives of the Plains Indians. • The rescue of buffalo from extinction is a cause of celebration.
    30. 30. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS
    31. 31. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a fish and does not let go. Hands bloodied.
    32. 32. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.
    33. 33. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS Cause FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.
    34. 34. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.
    35. 35. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.• Arliss’s hand was wrapped in a poultice, for holding onto a fish with bare hands causes a fish to cut flesh with it’s fins.
    36. 36. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.• Arliss’s hand was wrapped in a poultice, for holding onto a fish with bare hands causes a fish to cut flesh with it’s fins.• Mother wrapped his hand in a poultice because Arliss got finned by a fish.
    37. 37. PRACTICE CAUSE SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect FYI/ME - Arliss holds on to a FYI/ME - Mother wraps his fish and does not let go. hands in poultice of prickly Hands bloodied. pear root.• Arliss’s hand was wrapped in a poultice, for holding onto a fish with bare hands causes a fish to cut flesh with it’s fins.• Mother wrapped his hand in a poultice because Arliss got finned by a fish.• Arliss’s bloody hands were due to holding on to a fish.
    38. 38. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS
    39. 39. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS EM/ME - WMC cried and returned to the Fox.
    40. 40. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.
    41. 41. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS Cause ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.
    42. 42. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.
    43. 43. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.• Uncle called Wong Ming-Chung useless; consequently, his feelings were hurt and Wong Ming-Chung returned to the Fox.
    44. 44. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.• Uncle called Wong Ming-Chung useless; consequently, his feelings were hurt and Wong Ming-Chung returned to the Fox.• Uncle said some hurtful thing so Wong Ming-Chung cried and went back to the Fox.
    45. 45. PRACTICE EFFECT SIGNAL WORDS Cause Effect ME - Uncle called WMC EM/ME - WMC cried and useless. returned to the Fox.• Uncle called Wong Ming-Chung useless; consequently, his feelings were hurt and Wong Ming-Chung returned to the Fox.• Uncle said some hurtful thing so Wong Ming-Chung cried and went back to the Fox.• The cause of Wong-Ming-Chung returning to the Fox was Uncle’s hurtful words.

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