The Colonies

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  • The Colonies

    1. 1. The Colonies 5.4 - colonial era
    2. 2. The Thirteen NEWColonies HAMPSHIRE ABENAKI VERMONT MAINE (claimed by (part of MA) perior NY and NH) e Su Lak OTTAWA ALGONKIN Scarborough La Portsmouth ke Boston Hu rio MASSACHUSETTS Onta ron OTTAWA NEW Providence e L ak Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK FOX HURON M on R. issi Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri ssi p SAC ke DELAWARE ISLAND in Connecticut Ri La p CONNECTICUT i Philadelphia NEW ve MIAMI JERSEY r KICKAPOO WYANDOT Baltimore CENTRAL DELAWARE S ILLINOIS PLAINS AIN MARYLAND MISSOURI SHAWNEE NT Vincennes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OU St. Louis io M Oh r ive NORTH CAROLINA N e eR IA e ss New Bern OSAGE nn CH Te R ive r CHEROKEE LA SOUTH pi PA av CAROLINA issip Ri a Wilmington S nn AP CHICKASAW ah Miss ve r Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r CADDO Savannah New York Harbor, NATCHEZ in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC New Orleans OCEAN SEMINOLE Gulf of Mexico English (New England Colonies) English (Middle Colonies) English (Southern Colonies) Westover Plantation, N French in Virginia E Spanish W S FOX Name of American Indian Tribe Unit 3 I 197
    3. 3. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia NEW CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore JERSEYC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
    4. 4. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia NEW CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore JERSEYC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
    5. 5. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore NEW JERSEY Middle ColoniesC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
    6. 6. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore NEW JERSEY Middle ColoniesC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE Southern Colonies LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA an Wilmington S na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
    7. 7. Know the ThirteenNew England Colonies Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode IslandMiddle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, DelawareSouthern Colonies Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
    8. 8. Famous FoundersJohn Smith of Virginia (pgs. 162-163)Roger Williams of Rhode Island (pg. 208)William Penn of Pennsylvania (pg. 245)Lord Baltimore of Maryland (pg. 273)William Bradford of Plymouth (pg.172 )John Winthrop of Massachusetts (pg.207)
    9. 9. ____ # ______ Name __ ____________ __ Date ________Social Studies ersFamous Found Social Studies Virginia John Smith of Famous Founders Lord Baltimore of M aryland s of Rhod e Island Roger William William Bradford of Plymouth ennsylvania William Penn of P John Winthrop of M assachusetts
    10. 10. John Smith Jamestown In 1607, three ships sent by the Virginia Company sailed into the deep bay now 1607 called Chesapeake Bay. The ships carried Jamestown, Virginia 105 colonists, all of whom were men. The Even though both of the settlements at first women colonists did not arrive untilRoanoke Island had failed, some English 1619. The new settlers sailed up a rivermerchants wanted to start a new colony they named the James River, in honor ofin Virginia. With the permission of King their king. They chose a spot along theJames I, these merchants set up the shore and began to build a settlementVirginia Company. they called Jamestown. The Virginia Company was owned by Jamestown’s location turned out to bemany people, each of whom had given a poor choice for a settlement. The landmoney to set up the company. In return, was low and swampy. Swamps meanteach owner had received stock, or a share mosquitoes, and mosquitoes could carryof ownership, in the company. The own- deadly diseases.ers hoped the company would make Many of the colonists were not used toa profit, because if it did, each owner farmwork, and they did not know howwould make money. to hunt and fish in this unfamiliar land. They had come to Virginia to get rich, and they were so busy looking for gold
    11. 11. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    12. 12. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    13. 13. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    14. 14. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    15. 15. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    16. 16. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    17. 17. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    18. 18. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    19. 19. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    20. 20. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    21. 21. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    22. 22. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    23. 23. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    24. 24. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
    25. 25. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
    26. 26. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
    27. 27. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
    28. 28. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
    29. 29. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
    30. 30. William Penn Pennsylvania and Middle Colonies Delaware Starting in the 1680s, the Middle 0 50 100 Miles ive r Lake eR Huron nc Colonies expanded. In 1681, King 0 50 100 Kilometers re Albers Equal-Area Projection Lake PENNACOOK w . La St Champlain Charles II gave a charter to William VERMONT (claimed Penn, an English Quaker. The charter ntario by NY Lake O and NH) NH made Penn the proprietor, or owner, of MO ONO Connecticut River ON CAY what is now Pennsylvania. HAW NDA SEN EID Albany MA U ie e Er GA Penn was given the land because the Lak K Hudson River A ECA G er Riv NEW A YORK CT RI king owed a large amount of money to De law MAHICAN PENNSYLVANIA Penn’s father. The new colony was named are R. na Newark an Morristown h Pennsylvania, which means “Penn’s ue Long Island Susq New York City woods.” Penn described the colony as a SUSQUEHANNOCK Philadelphia NEW JERSEY Lancaster N “Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the Wilmington LENNI LENAPE MD W E people living in Pennsylvania—Quakers Delaware Bay S and non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKE peacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLANTIC Government of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEAN government set up a legislature called tribe the General Assembly, which would make the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Maps frame of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was on the Pennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River? of religion, and the right to a fair trial by jury. Trial by jury means that people accused of breaking laws have the American Indians to be treated with right to have a group of fellow justice, or fairness. In a letter, he told citizens decide their guilt local Lenni Lenape Indians his or innocence. hopes for Pennsylvania: Penn also became the owner of what is now Delaware. When colonists “ I desire to enjoy it with your love and consent, that we may always live together in Delaware asked for their own assembly, he granted it to them willingly. as neighbors and friends. * *William Penn. William Penn’s Own Account ” Penn also wanted of the Lenni Lenape, edited by Albert Cook Myers. Middle Atlantic Press, 1970. William Penn Chapter 6 I 245SXECA07ASEAX_U3C6L1.indd 245 12/13/04 3:20:03 PM
    31. 31. Pennsylvania and Middle Colonies Delaware Starting in the 1680s, the Middle 0 50 100 Miles iv er Lake eR Huron ncColonies expanded. In 1681, King 0 50 100 Kilometers re Albers Equal-Area Projection Lake P w . La St ChamplainCharles II gave a charter to William VERM (claiPenn, an English Quaker. The charter ntario by Lake O andmade Penn the proprietor, or owner, of MO ONO ON CAYwhat is now Pennsylvania. HAW NDA SEN EID Alba UGA ie e Er Penn was given the land because the Lak K Hudson River A ECA GA er Riv NEW YORKking owed a large amount of money to De law MAHI PENNSYLVANIAPenn’s father. The new colony was named are R. na Newark an Morristown hPennsylvania, which means “Penn’s ue Susq Newoods.” Penn described the colony as a SUSQUEHANNOCK Philadelphia NEW JERSEY Lancaster“Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the Wilmington LENNI LENAPpeople living in Pennsylvania—Quakers MD Delaware Baand non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKEpeacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLAGovernment of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEgovernment set up a legislature called tribethe General Assembly, which wouldmake the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Mapsframe of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was onPennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River?of religion, and the right to a fair trial
    32. 32. N“Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the LENNI LENAPE Wilmington MD W Epeople living in Pennsylvania—Quakers Delaware Bay Sand non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKEpeacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLANTICGovernment of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEANgovernment set up a legislature called tribethe General Assembly, which wouldmake the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Mapsframe of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was on thePennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River?of religion, and the right to a fair trialby jury. Trial by jury means that peopleaccused of breaking laws have the American Indians to be treated withright to have a group of fellow justice, or fairness. In a letter, he toldcitizens decide their guilt local Lenni Lenape Indians hisor innocence. hopes for Pennsylvania: Penn also became theowner of what is nowDelaware. When colonists “ I desire to enjoy it with your love and consent, thatin Delaware asked for their we may always live togetherown assembly, he grantedit to them willingly. as neighbors and friends. * ” *William Penn. William Penn’s Own AccountPenn also wanted of the Lenni Lenape, edited by Albert Cook Myers. Middle Atlantic Press, 1970. William Penn Chapter 6 I 245
    33. 33. Lord Baltimore
    34. 34. William Bradford

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