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Aviation lec 1

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for useful to the students........

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Transcript

  • 1. HISTORY OF FLIGHT
  • 2. WHAT IS AVIATION?
    • Aviation is field which includes not only flying but all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft.
    • Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft
  • 3. AVIATION – contd. Early efforts of flight
    • Around 400 BC – China
    • The discovery of the kite that could fly in the air by the Chinese started humans thinking about flying.
    • Humans try to fly like birds
    • For many centuries, humans have tried to fly just like the birds. Wings made of feathers or light weight wood have been attached to arms to test their ability to fly. The results were often disastrous as the muscles of the human arms are not like a birds and can not move with the strength of a bird.
  • 4. Early efforts of flight
    • Leonardo Da vinci (1490) --- gave a pictorial view of the ORNITHOPTERS from his imagination.
    • These Ornithopters were successfully built only in 1870’s.
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  • 7. OTTO LILIENTHAL
    • Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896), the German " Glider King, " was a pioneer of human aviation. He was the first person to make repeated successful gliding flights.
  • 8. POWERED AND CONTROLLED FLIGHT
    • On December 17 1903, Wright Brothers ( Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright) flew the first fully documented successful powered, heavier than air airplane ‘ FLYING MACHINE 1 ’.
  • 9. COMMERCIAL AIR TRANSPORT
    • The first practical demonstration of air freight occurred in November 1910 when a department store shipped a bolt of silk by air from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio.
    • National Air Transport, one of the companies that originally made up United Airlines, was founded on November 14, 1926, for the purpose of carrying parcels. This airline delivered the first air cargo in the United States on September 1, 1927, between Dallas and New York.

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