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How the flight started - Costache Marius


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A PPT material about the first attempts to fly and the history of aviation made by a student involved in the Comenius multilateral partnership “From Icarus to Interplanetary Travels”

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How the flight started - Costache Marius

  1. 1. How the flight started
  2. 2.  The history of the Romanian Aeronautics Group’ guidelines and contributions raise the value of the technical and scientific thinking of the Romanian people in a major area of human civilization since this area was just getting started. The genius creator of the Romanians was affirmed by the essential achievements in the science and art of aviation engineering flight, as they have been designing and building some types of missiles, including multistage, reagent or vertical flight, dragging through the propeller, wing aircraft design of the "delta" or unconventional aircraft. World- renowned inventors Traian Vuia, Gregory Bri cu, Henri Coand , George Arion, Tş ă Brum rescu, Hermann Oberth, Dimitrescu, Nicolae V ideanu and many others haveă ă managed due to their inventive spirit to achieve outstanding performance.  Between the years 1906-1915, Romanian scientists have solved the problem of flight mechanic (Traian Vuia), invented the jet plane (Henri Coanda), also designed and built the first aircraft with vertical take-off in the world which flew on 27 May 1911 (T Brum rescu) and Prof. Dr. Joseph Ramani realized two projects concerning theă invisible plane.
  3. 3.  Together with his father Daedalus, they built the labyrinth in Crete, where King Minos closed the Minotaur. They were suspected that they might have contributed to the flight of Theseus, who had come to kill the Minotaur, after completion of the work, they were imprisoned in the labyrinth of Minos. To escape, they made some wings of feathers and wax and flew out of the maze. Fascinated by the beauty of the heights, Icarus flew too high, despite the advice of his father. Helios, envious that people fly, gave a strong heat, melting the wax, and Icarus fell into the waters of the Aegean Sea, in the vicinity of the island, hitting the rocks and dying. Since then, that part of the sea and the island is called after Icarus.
  4. 4.  Hot air balloon inventors were French. The Montgolfier brothers in 1783 were able to raise from the ground up to an altitude of 1,000 meters, the first heavier than air balloon, they had previously built. In the same year, they repeated the experience using all sorts of domestic animals before they tried with humans. So at the end of the 18th century, they became the first people who flew with the balloon. On board the vessel, the two Frenchmen, covered a distance of about 8 miles.
  5. 5. The Romanians and the balloons Bucharest is proud to be one of the first capitals in the world over which an object made by human hand flew. On June 26, 1818 there were documents mentioning the launch on Dealul Spirii of our first balloon called "Basica lui Caragea", because he was at that time the Prince in the Principality of Valahia. With a diameter of about 8 m, it was made of canvas.
  6. 6.  Traian Vuia was a Romanian inventor, pioneer of world aviation. On March 18, 1906 he accomplished the first self-propelled flight (no catapults or other external means which helped the aircrafts to fly) with a heavier than air.
  7. 7.  On 1 July 1902, he arrived in Paris, bringing in his luggage an original project "aircraft-car", designed as a student, and the related form, which were carried out over the past 12 months. In the winter of 19021903, he began the construction of the device in detail perfecting the original plans which had been worked the previous year in Lugoj. In spite of many financial problems, he exceeded them with the help of his mentor Coriolan. In the autumn of 1904, he started building an engine and all his personal inventions. In 1904 he got a patent for their invention in the United Kingdom. The whole mechanical part is completed in February 1905. The device is ready in December, after the engine is mounted, and it was nicknamed the Bat, because of its shape. It had provided for a total weight of 250 kg, an area for support of 14 m² and a motor 20 HP. First experiments started în 1905, as a car, with its wings removed, in order to gain experience in handling him.  On 18 March 1906 at Montesson, near Paris, he went and flew for the first time. After an acceleration over a distance of 50 meters, it was raised to a height of about a meter over a distance of 12 m, after which the propeller blades were turned off and the plane landed.
  8. 8.  Henri Marie Coand was an academiciană and engineer, aviation pioneer, inventor, physicist, inventor of the Jet engine and the discoverer of the effect that bears his name. He was the son of general Constantin Coand , Prime Minister of Romania in 1918.ă  Passionate about technical problems and especially of aviation technique, in 1905 Coand builds a rocket-plane for Romaniană army. With the support of engineer Gustave Eiffel and scholar Paul Painlevé, which helped him to obtain the necessary permits, Henri Coand fulfilled his aerodynamică experiments and built his first airplane in the workshop of Joachim Caproni. It was actually a jet aircraft without propeller, the conventional Coand -1910. He presented ită at the second international aeronautic Salon in Paris in 1910.
  9. 9.  Between 1911-1914 Henri Coand worked as technical director of the aviation plant ină Bristol, England and built an aircraft with higher performance and a propeller design. The next year he returned to France, where he built a very appreciated device which in 1916, gained recognition as being the first sled-car powered by a Jet engine and having a more aerodynamic shape. In 1934, he obtained a patent for the invention and also for the phenomenon discovered and called the Coanda Effect (diverting a stream of fluid that penetrates another fluid). He noticed this phenomenon first in 1910 by diverting a jet of fluid flowing along a convex wall on the occasion of sampling with which his plane was equipped with. This discovery led him to important research on applied sustainability of airplanes, to the development of sound attenuators, and more.
  10. 10.  Aurel Vlaicu was one of the first Romanian and world engineers, inventors and aviation pioneers. In his honor, his home village Bin in i isț ț today called after his name: Aurel Vlaicu. 
  11. 11.  In the autumn of 1909 began the construction of his first airplane, Vlaicu I at the Army Arsenal. The plane flied without changes in June 1910 and in 1911 he built a second airplane, Vlaicu II with which he won five memorable Awards at the air rally in Aspern, Austria in 1912.  On September 13, 1913, during an attempt to cross the Carpathian mountains with his Vlaicu II, the airplane crashed near Câmpina, apparently due to Vlaicu’s heart attack. The following year his friends completed construction of Vlaicu Sili teanu III, and with theș assistance of the pilot performs a short-haul. Weather authorities prohibited the continuation of the tests and in the autumn of 1916, during the German occupation, the plane is sent to Berlin. He was last seen in 1940.
  12. 12.  In 1920 the Franco-Romanian air navigation established a new company which had the first carrier in the world for passengers, cargo and mail. In 1923 the Franco-Romanian air navigation Company was born on Baneasa airport and it had workshops there. It was a precursor of Plane engine Repair (IRMA) in the 1960s and ' 70s and it is the present Company ROMAERO. In the years 1947-1952, it built a new building for the airport. Their plane had a propeller with three blades.
  13. 13.  Currently, Aurel Vlaicu international airport is used by small aviation companies, especially low-cost companies such as Blue Air and Wizz Air. Blue Air connects the airport with a number of international destinations, such as Paris, Lyon, Madrid, Berlin, Maastricht, Verona, Frankfurt, Valencia, Barcelona, Istanbul, Turin and Rome. Apart from the Blue Air, there are Sky Europe, which has flights from Bratislava, and My Air with flights from Milan, Venice and Naples. The link with the city by public transport is with lines 783 and 131, or by taxi.