Anne Frank Introduction

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An introductory PowerPoint to the book, Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl focusing on the background historical aspect.

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  • We are going to be starting the Diary of Anne Frank.Today I will be giving some background knowledge on what was going on at the time so we will be prepared when we begin reading.
  • We need to understand what happened before to understand how the Holocaust startedWWI or The Great war began the war inAugust 1914The CentralPowers (consisting of …) started the war because their empires were declining so they invaded Serbia, Belgium, and Luxembourg to gain more controlPicture of German soldiers at the Battle of Marne
  • The allies were not happy about the invasions so they retaliatedThe Russian Empire collapsed in March 1917Germany agreed to cease fire on Nov. 11, 1918 (Armistice Day)At the end of the war, German, Russian, Austro-Hungary, and Ottoman empires were defeted militarily and politicallyPicture of French Soldiers inDieffmatten, Germany
  • The break up of the empires in Europe resulted in the Treaty of Versailles and the beginning of the League of Nations (put in place so another war like that would ever happen again)Disarmament: no tanks, air force or submarines allowed. Rhineland area de-militatisedTerritorial Clauses: union with Austria forbiddenHitler came out and promised to raise Germany back up to its formal glory (pre WWI)Germany was now in significant debt – like the great depression
  • Radio recordingof Chamberlain declaring war on Germany after Germany invades Poland on September 1, 1939(listen to first 40 sec)
  • His dictatorship was made possible because of his position as Reich President (head of state), Reich Chancellor (head of government), and Fuehrer (head of Nazi party)Hitler saw the racially superior as people who descended from Atlantis (great warrior people) who had a light hair color and light eye color
  • In many instances we only hear about Jewish people being sent to concentration camps. However, Hitler targeted many more groups than just one. He wanted to eliminate everyone that was not part of the Aryan race (people with light eyes and hair colors).Picture of Auschwitz gate
  • Hard-labor camps were camps where the prisoners were forced to do labor like breaking rock or digging holesTransit camps were places that people were divided. They did not stay there long. The people were put on trains to go to either hard-labor camps or killing centers.Killing Centers were places where people were killed right away either by execution, gun line, or gas chamber
  • Resistance groups were organized groups that resist civil order and stability within a well established governmentAll the groups listed resisted the Central Powers within areas that were occupiedThe picture is of a group of resistors.Soviet Partisans, Yugoslav Partisans, and Polish Home Army – largest resistance movements in WWIIThere are different types of resistance such as sabotage, raids, helping people go into hiding, listening to the BBC radio, forging documents and much more.The ones that we will see most in Anne Frank’s Diary are helping people go into hiding and listening to the BBC radio.There was a huge risk for resisting the Nazis. If you resisted you could be put into a Concentration Camp, prison, or even killed.What is a Concentration Camp?
  • This is an interactive map of the battles of WWIIThe picture is a map of Europe and northern Africa. The red is the largest area that Germany expanded during WWII. The yellow is neutral territory (Switzerland) and the green in unoccupied land.
  • Photo on left is Margot and Anne with other children from their neighborhoodPhoto on right is Margot with Anne when Anne was just born
  • They emigrate to Amsterdam in 1933 because they wanted to flee from anti-Semitism GermanyAnti-Semitism means the hatred of Jews for reasons of their Jewish heritageA Montessori school is where students learn concepts by working with material as opposed to direct instruction from teachersPicture of Anne Frank’s Diary
  • Map of the Frank’s journey from Frankfurt to Amsterdam
  • This is a timeline connecting Anne’s life to other events happening at time
  • The picture to the left is of the entrance to the annex where Anne and her family hidThe picture to the right are the floor plans of the annex
  • Anne Frank Introduction

    1. 1. Anne Frank: Introductionmyinterestingfacts.com
    2. 2. The Great War (WWI)  Central Powers:  Germany  Austro-Hungary  Turkey  Bulgaria  Ottoman Empire en.wikipedia.orgthe-great-war-society.org
    3. 3. Continued…  Allies:  Russia  France  Great Britain  Belgium  Luxembourg  Serbia  Montenegro  Italy (joined 1915)  Rumania  Portugal history1900s.about.com  Greece  United States (joined 1917)The-great-war-society.org
    4. 4. Causes of WWII  Treaty of Versailles ww1westernfront.gov.au  War Guilt Causes: Germany Should accept blame for starting WWI  Repatriations: Germany had to pay £ 6,600 million for damage  Disarmament: Germany was only allowed to have a small army and 6 naval ships  Territorial Clauses: Land taken away from Germanyhistoryonthenet.com
    5. 5. Start of WWII Radiorecording of Neville Chamberlain declaring war on Germany  http://www.bbc.co.uk/historyofthebbc/gre at_moments/archive/september.shtml bbc.co.uk
    6. 6. Hitler’s Rise to Power  Appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933  Hitler assumes power of the presidency in August of 1934  Guided by the belief that Germany dipity.com was destined to expand militarily and the racially superior Germany population should establish a permanent rule in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Unionushmm.org
    7. 7. Targeted Groups  Roma(Gypsies)  People with disabilities  Poles  Soviet prisoners of war  Afro-Germans  Political dissidents  Jehovah’s Witnesses dailymail.co.uk  Homosexualsushmm.org
    8. 8. Concentration Camps  Definition: a guarded facility to confine and persecute “enemies of the state”  About 20,000 camps established by Nazi Germany between 1933-1945  Types:  Hard-labor  Transit  Killing Centersushmm.org qualityinformationpublishers.com
    9. 9. Resistance  Yugoslav Partisans  Polish Home Army  Soviet Partisans eutimes.net  French Forces of the Interior  Italian CLN  Norwegian Resistance  Greek Resistance  Dutch Resistanceeu.wikipedia.org
    10. 10. Interactive Map of WWII http://www.history.com/interactives/insid e-wwii-interactive wyhs-ap-euro.wikispaces.com
    11. 11. Anne Frank’s Early Years Born: June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany Sister Margot is 3 years older than Anne annefrank.org
    12. 12. Continued…  Frankfamily emigrates to Amsterdam in 1933  Anne and Margot attend the sixth Montessori school in Amsterdam from 1933- 1941 annefrank.org  Anne receives her diary on her 13th birthday on June 12, 1942annefrank.org
    13. 13. luxeclub.com
    14. 14. Anne Frank Timeline http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Ti meline/World-War-Two-1939-1945/The- German-invasion/1942/The-first-page-of- the-diary-which-Anne-Frank-received-for- her-thirteenth-birthday-on-12-June- 1942/#!/en/Subsites/Timeline/Inter-war- period-1918-1939/Anne-Franks-birth/
    15. 15. sites.google.com kikistrikeny.blogspot.com

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