What sustainability means in mining today or what mining means to sustainability? - Corina Hebestreit

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What sustainability means in mining today or what mining means to sustainability? …

What sustainability means in mining today or what mining means to sustainability?
Corina Hebestreit, Euromines

Mining On Top: Helsinki 2013
16-17 September 2013 | Helsinki

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  • 1. What sustainability means in mining today- or what mining means to sustainability? Corina Hebestreit Mining on Top: Helsinki 16/17 September 2013
  • 2. Mark Cutifani, CEO, Anglo-American (Montreal 2013) “Mining represents around 10 per cent of the world’s economic activity as measured by the revenues from the commodity mining, quarrying and the petroleum sectors. It is estimated payments to service and support industries account for another 10 per cent of global economic activity. If we then count the contribution our products make to the productive capacity of other industries…including fertilisers for agriculture, fuel for energy and transportation, carbon and iron for steel and manufacturing and other European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals transportation, carbon and iron for steel and manufacturing and other products for construction we get to a global economic contribution estimate of more than 45 per cent for the mining industry. Now, if we then consider we disturb less than 1 per cent of the earth’s surface in making this contribution, we produce less than 3 per cent of carbon gases and we are the key source of products that clean the water we drink and the air we breathe, it is not an unreasonable claim that we are the most important industrial activity on the face of the planet. At the same time we are also the world’s most vital industry to help ensure the future health of our planet.”
  • 3. Mining and Minerals’ contribution to human well-being eco-system well-being European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals economic viability: project, community, country, Europe
  • 4. Contribution to Human well-being In general: Society Investors that risk their capital Management and workers being employed Host communities that experience direct European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Host communities that experience direct employment as well as secondary and tertiary benefits
  • 5. Human well-being Objective: The project or operation will lead directly or indirectly to the maintenance of improvement of people’s well-being during the life of the project/operation and/or in post-closure. Results to be assessed by factors such as European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Results to be assessed by factors such as Community organisation and capacity Social/cultural integrity Worker and population health, safety and well-being Availability of basic infrastructure
  • 6. Contribution to Eco-system well-being Chemical impacts Physical impacts European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Biological impacts
  • 7. Potential chemical impacts and remedies Discharge of contaminants to surface and groundwater Discharge to contaminants to air Discharge of contaminants in accidental spills Transfer of solid waste to landfills and hazardous waste to treatment or storage facilities European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals treatment or storage facilities Closure of facilities to ensure human safety and ecosystem integrity Clean-up of previously contaminated sites
  • 8. Potential physical impacts and remedies Alternation of surface water of ground water flow systems Restructuring of land Instability Noise generation European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Closure of facilities Restoration of topography Increased stability Restoration of surface and groundwater flow systems
  • 9. Potential biological impacts and remedies Alteration of habitats Closure of facilities/revegetation European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Restoration/improvement of wildlife habitats Enhancement of human and wildlife interaction
  • 10. Modern mining explained European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals www.icmm.com
  • 11. A contribution to Europe’s Resource Efficiency Resource Efficiency should yield optimum solutions to the trade-offs that exist between different environmental objectives and the environmental, social and economic imperatives of Sustainable Development. The result should be an economy that optimises its use of 11 European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals The result should be an economy that optimises its use of resources and, therefore, results in improved living conditions and reduced waste globally. Rehabilitation of old tailings is such a win-win situation if the economics and legal framework conditions are right.
  • 12. BOOK - 101 Things to Do with a Hole in the Ground Making use of the land as a resource European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals 12
  • 13. Economic Viability Project or operations economics Operational efficiencies Economic contributions Community/regional economics European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Community/regional economics National and European broader economics
  • 14. Institutional arrangements and governance European Laws - compliance National Mining Laws - compliance Permits - compliance Internal Management Systems European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Internal Management Systems Audits Reporting and Assurance
  • 15. Mark Cutifani, CEO, Anglo-American (Montreal 2013) “We must engage our political and community leaders to help them understand our role in society…and the long-term destruction their policies and approaches to mining are reaping on their own constituencies. We must dedicate ourselves to working with local partners to solve the problems our close proximity to their communities creates for them in terms of social development. European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals of social development. While we need governments at all levels to help us engage in these local conversations, it will remain our responsibility to connect with our local stakeholders if we are to effectively navigate the complexities of these relationships. If we cannot engage constructively with our immediate neighbours, how can we expect to lead the world in a new set of conversations around our role in society? We must step more boldly into a world of aggressive and consultative social, technical and commercial innovation.”
  • 16. Europe’s contribution to the discussion: the RMI and EIP European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals EIP on Raw Materials
  • 17. Europe´s mineral wealth European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals
  • 18. Strategic Implementation Plan to be adopted on 25 September 2013 3.1 Technology Pillar 3.1.1 Priority Area: Raw materials research coordination (WP1&2) 3.1.2 Priority Area: Technologies for primary and secondary raw materials production (WP1) 3.1.3 Priority Area: Substitution of raw materials (WP2) 3.2 Non-Technology Policy Pillar European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals 3.2 Non-Technology Policy Pillar 3.2.1 Priority Area: Improving Europe's raw materials regulatory framework, knowledge base and infrastructure (WP 3) 3.2.2 Priority Area: Improving Europe's waste management regulatory framework conditions and excellence (WP4) 3.2.3 Priority Area: Knowledge and skills on raw materials (WP 3 & 4) 3.3 International Cooperation Pillar (WP5) 3.3.1 Priority area – Strategic international dialogues 3.3.2 Priority area – Technology-related international cooperation 3.3.3 Priority area – International dialogues on trade-related matters
  • 19. Specific actions: Deep exploration Zero waste mining Mining of small deposits Invisible mine Deep-sea mining Work items: Research these topics will be covered by official calls for projects under Horizon 2020 European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Deep-sea mining Metallurgical Processing of complex and/or low grade resources Flexible and mobile processing plants for industrial minerals and aggregates Recovery of technology metals from complex end-of-life products Recovery of materials from packaging Supply of construction materials from urban mines “Zero Waste” paper recycling mill
  • 20. Substitution of Rare earth elements in permanent magnets and their applications Reduction / substitution of CRM in rechargeable batteries PGM Catalysts substitution Substitution of Indium in transparent conductive layers Substitution of REE in lighting photovoltaic materials Research – 2 - European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Substitution of REE in lighting photovoltaic materials Substituting CRMs in hard materials and super alloys Substitution of Natural rubber in tyres Substitution of Titanium dioxide in construction applications
  • 21. European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/raw-materials/innovation- partnership/index_en.htm Strategic Implementation Plan to be adopted on 25th September 2013! Call for expression of commitment coming up in October!
  • 22. Mission & Vision European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals
  • 23. SRA: NEW SRA: Strategic Ambitions 2012 - 2020 Website: www.etpsmr.org Information on EPT SMR and its tasks
  • 24. The way to achieve it Joint RTD: Collaborative efforts by the various institutions and governments in the EU Member States and with other non-EU players New projects Transfer of know-how between subsectors Transfer of know-how from other sectors Multi-disciplinary research and innovation implementation European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Multi-disciplinary research and innovation implementation Joint RTD programming: The ERA-MIN will provide a starting point: Inclusion of more Member States into ERA-MIN Joint development of education and training: KIC on raw materials Continued platform for cooperation between relevant institutions and companies at EU level More coordination calls Regional brokerage for research results and innovation Conferences and use of existing national innovation agencies Vision 2050 needed
  • 25. Economic framework conditions: key factors Access to Land Acceptance of temporary nature of land use Reliability of permitting process and time lines Agreement on closure objectives Access to Energy at competitive prices European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Access to Energy at competitive prices Access to transport and logistics Access to markets Acceptance of scientifically based, but risk management approaches
  • 26. Social and governance issues: Trends in Europe Increasing democratisation process « Representative democracy » is turning into a « base democracy » General public is questioning the decisions by authorities General public is not trusting industry in general Decision making on permits becomes a political issue either by European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Decision making on permits becomes a political issue either by demand of the public or by delegation of authorities and politicians Competent authorities: Decreasing capacities due to cost- cutting in the economic crisis External auditing is taking over the control by the competent authorities – but will it be more reliable and trustworthy
  • 27. Europe´s legal framework for investments FINLAND : 95 SWEDEN : 93 IRELAND : 90 NORWAY : 82 Where is the rest European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals NORWAY : 82 GREENLAND : 80 SPAIN : 54 BULGARIA: 54 the rest of Europe?
  • 28. On-going issues and debates in the EU Fair distribution of revenues: royalties, taxes and other benefits Decision making: transparency, competence, de- politicising of permitting European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Capacity building in industry and competent authorities Need to benefit from European and international discussions: overcoming nationalistic approaches!
  • 29. Sustainable mining in Europe? Geological potential - yes! Products - yes! Production - yes, but improvements needed European association for mining industries, metal ores and industrial minerals Know-how - yes, but future developments needed Social License to operate - not everywhere! Therefore: substantially more communication and dialogue needed! At local level, at regional level, at European level.