Community led planning - Nick Wates

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Design in the Age of Localism: how can we achieve better places through neighbourhood planning?

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  • Calvay Coop, Glasgow
  • Community led planning - Nick Wates

    1. 1. Design in the Age of LocalismHow can we achieve better placesthrough neighbourhood planning? Nick Wates www.nickwates.co.uk author and consultant publisher and site editor: communityplanning.net 1
    2. 2. This session1. Present a simple framework for addressing community involvement in planning.2. Provide a taster of the options available.3. Look at how one can develop an involvement strategy for any particular situation – including neighbourhood plans.4. Reflect on the implications of Localism. 2
    3. 3. DefinitionCommunity Planning = ‘Planning carriedout with the active participation of theend users. Similarly communityarchitecture, community design and so on.’(Community Planning Handbook, 2000) 3
    4. 4. DefinitionCommunity Planning = ‘Planning carriedout with the active participation of theend users. Similarly communityarchitecture, community design and so on.’(Community Planning Handbook, 2000) 4
    5. 5. Action research Action research1996 2000 2008 5
    6. 6. Global resourceLaunched 2001 6
    7. 7. Universal applicabilityChinese German Czech French1996 1997 1999 2010 7
    8. 8. Operating system that worksChinese Korean English2002 2008 REVISED 2013 8
    9. 9. Community planning framework Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an 9 involvement or empowerment strategy.
    10. 10. Community Planning framework Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an 10 involvement or empowerment strategy.
    11. 11. Community Planning framework Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation - creating an 11 involvement or empowerment strategy.
    12. 12. Community Planning framework Principles Apply to almost any situation. Worldwide applicability Methods Huge menu of different techniques and approaches new ways of people interacting | new types of event | new support frameworks Scenarios How one might use a combination of methods in a particular development situation – inner city 12 regeneration, village improvement, creating a
    13. 13. Principles Universallyapplicable good practice 13
    14. 14. Principle: Involve all sections of the communityOre Valley, Hastings, UK PakistanPeople of different ages, gender, backgrounds and culture invariably have differentperspectives. Make sure a full spectrum of the community is involved. This is usuallymore important than involving large numbers. 14
    15. 15. Principle: Work on locationWallingers Walk, Hastings, UK KenyaWherever possible, base community planning activities physically in the area being planned.This makes it much easier for everyone to bridge the gap from concept to reality. 15
    16. 16. Principle: VisualiseWenceslas Square, Prague, before ……… and afterPeople can participate more effectively if information is presented visually rather than inwords. Use graphics, maps, illustrations, cartoons, drawings, photomontages and modelswherever possible. 16
    17. 17. Principle: CommunicateHulme, Manchester, UKUse all available media to let people know what you are doing and how theycan get involved. Simple methods often work best but be imaginative - getmembers of the community to help 17
    18. 18. MethodsHow do yougo about itin practice? 18
    19. 19. Method: Interactive displaysPeople engaging in the issues and debate, ontheir own and in an enjoyable way, by makingadditions or alterations to pre-prepared exhibits. 19
    20. 20. Method: Street stallMakes it possible to secure the views of larger numbers of people than ispossible indoors. Particularly useful where the views of people using aparticular street or public space are wanted. 20
    21. 21. Method: Reconnaissance tripThe inspection of the environment being dealt with by mixed teams of local peopleand technical experts. Used to familiarise everyone with the physical environmentand key issues at the start of a project and to review progress at intervals. 21
    22. 22. Method: Briefing workshopWhat is wrong?What isyour dream?How canit happen? Simple, easy-to- organise working sessions where people work in small groups to identify key issues and possible solutions 22
    23. 23. Method: Design workshop Hands-on sessions allowing small groups of professionals and non-professionals to work creatively together developing proposals. 23
    24. 24. Method: ModelsVery effective for gettingpeople involved. Particularlyuseful for generatinginterest, presenting ideasand helping people think inthree dimensions. Lots ofdifferent kinds. 24
    25. 25. Method: Ideas competition A good way of stimulating creative thinking and generating interest and momentum. They can be designed to allow everyone a chance to put forward their ideas. 25
    26. 26. Method: Draft plan consultationBrochure with information Main proposals in Tear off questionnaire withabout project and words and graphics. tick box AND open endedinvolvement process. questions. Free postage. 26
    27. 27. Method: Community planning event Carefully structured collaborative event at which all stakeholders, including the local community, work closely with specialists from all relevant disciplines to make plans for the future of that community or some aspects of it. 27
    28. 28. Method: Planning dayIntroductions and briefingsBriefing workshopsissues and opportunitiesPlenary sessionLunch and site walkaboutDesign workshopsoptions and proposalsPlenary sessionNext steps 28
    29. 29. Method: Planning weekendThursday Saturday Team arrivals Briefing workshops Design workshopsFriday Brainstorm dinner Launch & introductions Reconnaissance Sunday Briefings Team working Social event Monday Team working Public presentation 29
    30. 30. Method: Open house eventPresenting design ideas to the public and securingreactions in an informal manner.Less structured than a workshop; more interactivethan an exhibition. 30
    31. 31. Method: User groupThe creation or strengthening of user groups is a key element of mostcommunity planning. They act as clients in championing the views ofthose who will use the end product and keep the momentum going. 31
    32. 32. Method: Architecture and planning centresPlaces set up to help peopleunderstand, and engage in,the design of local buildingsand the built environment. 32
    33. 33. Online Method: Mapping Now there is an online version of most previous methods, plus new possibilities. Here is a Google Map being used to consult on potential housing development sites. 33
    34. 34. Online Method: Social networking Can be used to generate interest in consultations and generate debate. Different platforms reach different audiences. 34
    35. 35. Online method: Online consultation Particularly useful for major infrastructure projects.
    36. 36. Online method: Project website Now the first priority for almost all projects 36
    37. 37. Online methods: Other Social mapping Toolkits Development control Environmental management Single method sites Surveys – construct, conduct, reportThis is the new frontier for Methods.
    38. 38. Scenarios An involvementstrategy for every development situation 38
    39. 39. Scenario: Local neighbourhood initiativeLocal people in a rundown neighbourhood andagencies working with them take the initiativeto speed up the regeneration process. Process planningsession Steering group Co-ordinator appointed Planning weekend Development forum Neighbourhood office Review session 39 Development trust
    40. 40. Scenario: Derelict site re-useAn initiative to make use of a derelict urbansite in public ownership. Research Public meeting or forum Ideas competition Development partnership Art workshop Open house or street stall Implementation Management body formed 40
    41. 41. Scenario: Village revivalA village community takes steps to protect thetraditional character and develop new facilities  Community profiling  Community planning forum  Local design statement  Countryside design statement  Review session  Project groups  Local design statement revised 41
    42. 42. Scenario: Community led planProducing a parish, local action, community orneighbourhood plan from the bottom up.  Getting started  Establishing steering group  Process planning  Community engagement / Visioning  Prioritising  Draft plan  Final plan  Implementation  Monitor and review 42
    43. 43. Scenarios: NeighbourhoodThis is the challenge ofthe moment. planWhat will these scenarios A community in a city, town or village wants to produce alook like? statutory Neighbourhood Development Plan.What combination ofmethods will work best?Who needs to beinvolved and when? 43
    44. 44. www.communityplanning.net Neighbourhood plan process  Getting started – awareness raising and neighbourhood organisation  Creating your neighbourhood planning process  Community needs and aspirations – visioning  Developing the plan  Implementation  Monitor and review 44
    45. 45. Summing up How can we achieve better places through neighbourhood planning? Engagement strategy the key. Ever-expanding menu ofmethods to suit aims and resources. Huge potential of internet. Climate change increases need for community planning. Build on previous work by manypeople and groups all over the worldand be creative. 45
    46. 46. Follow upnick@nickwates.co.ukinfo@communityplanning.net 46

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