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How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
How to treat a heart attack
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How to treat a heart attack

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  • 1. How to treat a heart attack
    Michael Lewis
    AofA Membership Number: DID604SID646830688
  • 2. Aim & Objectives
    Aim:
    To explain the current First Aid procedures for treating a casualty who is (or may be) experiencing a heart attack.
    Objectives:
    By the end of this session you will be able to:
    Recognise the common signs & symptoms of a heart attack.
    Provide initial assistance prior to the arrival of professional medical help.
  • 3. How the heart works
    The heart is made up of 4 chambers.
    Each chamber has a valve that allows blood to pass through the heart to the lungs, other organs and tissue’s of the body.
    The left ventricle chamber is the most important.
  • 4. What is a heart attack?
    What is the difference between a heart attack and a cardiac arrest?
  • 5. What is a heart attack?
    Heart attacks happen when a coronary artery carrying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked.
    If the blood supply is cut off, a part of the heart muscle dies - or infarcts.
    A heart attack is also known as a myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary thrombosis.
  • 6. The common signs and symptoms
    Heart disease kills more people in the UK than any other condition.
    Around 275,000 people will have a heart attack this year (approx 753 every day).
    110,000 will die from the heart attack.
    How would you know if someone was having a heart attack at your work place?
  • 7. The common signs and symptoms
    Crushing pain in the chest
    Pain in the left arm
    Shortness of breath
    Greyness, Cyanosis
    Cold, Clammy skin
    Generally feeling un-well
    Often mistaken for indigestion
    Plus signs and symptoms of cardiogenic shock
  • 8. The common signs and symptoms
  • 9. Primary Survey
    D = Danger
    to you, the casualty, and others
    R = Response
    Alert – Voice – Pain - Unresponsive (Scale)
    S = shout for help (if on your own)
    A = Airway
    B = Breathing
    Triage: Breathing,Bleeding, Severe Burns & Bones
  • 10. Treatment
    Primary Survey (D-R-s-A-B)
    Help the casualty down to the ground
    Sit the casualty in the ‘W’ position (shown)
    Loosen any tight clothing around their upper chest and neck
    Call 999 or 112
    Reassure casualty
    Help them take any medication they may have
    Be prepared to perform CPR
  • 11. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is the name given to the process by which oxygen can be circulated around a persons body when they have suffered respiratory and cardiac arrest.
    The term Basic Life Support (BLS) is also used.
    INFANT:0-1 YR.
    CHILD:1 YR.-PUBERTY
    ADULT:PUBERTY ONWARDS
  • 12. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    PLACE HANDS IN THE CENTRE OF THE CHEST
  • 13. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    STERNUM
    (BREAST-BONE)
    RIBCAGE
    HEART
    SPINE
  • 14. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    Chest compressions to breaths ratio’s
    Adult
    30 compressions : 2 breaths (100per min) 4-5 cm
    Child, Infant
    5 initial breaths, 30 compressions, 2 breaths (100per min) 1/3 of chest
    Drowned Casualty
    5 initial breaths, 30 compressions, 2 breaths (100per min) 1/3 of chest if child or infant, 4-5 cm if adult
    Compression only CPR
    100per min, until the casualty makes a recovery
  • 15. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    Practical workshop – CPR on Adult Manikin.
    When performing CPR you need to continue until:
    The casualty makes a recovery
    Paramedics take over from you
    Another First Aider arrives
    You are too exhausted to carry on
  • 16. Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
    ‘The Chain of Survival’
    Early Access
    Early CPR
    Early Defibrillation
    Early Advanced Life Support
    4
    3
    2
    1
  • 17. Plenary
    Summary of session
    Any questions?
    Handouts & Face shields

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