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Heart attack

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Prevent Heart Disease.

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Heart attack

  1. 1. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>HEART ATTACK (Myocardial infarction) in simple terms is Death of a part of heart muscle due to Complete lack of blood supply (Nutrition & Oxygen) to that part of the heart. </ul><ul>The Heart muscle gets its blood supply from small blood vessels that come out of the Aorta, called as Coronary arteries . </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com
  2. 2. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>There are 3 main coronary arteries Right, Left anterior descending and Left circumflex artery , which branch further, form a network and supply different parts of the heart. </ul><ul>If there is blockage of these vessels due to either Clot, Cholesterol deposits or Spasm / constriction, leads to reduced or complete lack of blood supply , subsequently Chest pain and Heart attack. </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com
  3. 3. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>Depending on the Site and Degree of blockage , the area of Heart supplied by that vessel suffers damage. </ul><ul>As we put Effort in doing any work or exercise, our Heart beats more to supply Oxygen and Nutrients to body. Mean while the Oxygen demand of heart also increases. </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com If the Oxygen demand is not met, it can lead to Chest pain.
  4. 4. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>Chest Pain related to heart (Angina Pectoris) , develops mostly during exertion , but sometimes can appear at rest – like during Coronary artery spasm or in Heart attack. </ul><ul>ANGINA is </ul><ul>-> Tightness, discomfort, or burning sensation at the center of the chest, along with sweating. </ul><ul>-> Radiates to shoulder and hand, usually on left side. -> Increases on exertion, reduces on resting after 15 min. </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com
  5. 5. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>If the Pain is present at rest for more than 20 min, along with sweating, vomiting, dizziness/black out, breathlessness, pounding heart/palpitations, or widespread pain it could be HEART ATTACK . </ul><ul>Most people with Diabetes may not experience pain, have Silent Attack . </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com <ul>Usually Angina is confused for heart burn or gastritis and under treated. </ul>
  6. 6. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>If the blood supply is not restored on time, the heart tissue can be permanently damaged resulting in reduced efficiency of pumping -> Heart Failure leading to weakness, breathlessness and reduced ability to work. </ul><ul>Angina & Heart attack can be recognized by ECG, Echocardiography (Echo scan), Elevated Cardiac enzymes (Troponin T & CKMB) and Clinical symptoms. </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com
  7. 7. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>More than 50% of people DIE in their FIRST ATTACK even before reaching hospital. </ul><ul>For many patients their First manifestation of Heart disease is Heart attack, with out prior warning symptoms – SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH . </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com <ul>Many Diabetics die while sleeping without even experiencing pain – DEATH IN BED SYNDROME . </ul>
  8. 8. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>Indians Aged 30–39 have 10 times more risk of having Heart attack than Westerners. </ul><ul>There are about 4 crore Diabetics in India, & there will be 6.4 crore with Heart disease by 2015 . </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com <ul>By 2020 the average age of Indian population would be 29. More young at risk of Heart disease. </ul>
  9. 9. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) Overweight / Obesity <ul>Smoking Diabetes High Cholesterol Hypertension Lack of exercise Family history of Diabetes, Heart disease, Cholesterol problems </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com You may get Heart disease if you have:
  10. 10. HEART ATTACK – MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( Key words: IHD–Ischemic Heart Disease, CAD-Coronary Artery Disease ) <ul>ACT NOW – “Prevent Heart Disease” , Learn Tips , Chat or Call Doctor , Get your Heart assessment , Identify your Risk factors , Learn to Modify them, Get your Diabetic and Cholesterol assessment done online, Manage your health online before its too late. </ul><ul>AVAIL – Pre hospital Preventive care , Rather say GOOD BYE to hospitals, Say YES to PREVENTION on www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com </ul>www.pinkwhalehealthcare.com

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