Oliveira Ctf Creation Mozambique 31 03 09


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Oliveira, CTF Mozambique

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Oliveira Ctf Creation Mozambique 31 03 09

  1. 1. Mozambique Conservation Area Trust Fund Establishment Project By: Tomas Oliveira Facilitator/Coordinator
  2. 2. 1. Background <ul><li>Throughout the time a number of policies and strategies were developed in the different sectors related to the conservation of biodiversity in Mozambique, namely Ministry of the Environmental Affairs, Agriculture, Fisheries and Tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have coordinated efforts and a holistic way and framework for the biodiversity conservation issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed solution: Creation of a Country Conservation Policy. </li></ul>09-06-09
  3. 3. 1. Background <ul><li>Harmonization of all policies concerning conservation. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of an agency to coordinate and control all Conservation Areas </li></ul><ul><li>The establishment of a sustainable financial tools. </li></ul><ul><li>This led to the First Conference on Sustainable Financing for Conservation Areas in Mozambique (Maputo, 21 e 22 November 2007) </li></ul>09-06-09
  4. 4. 1. Background <ul><li>Recommendations in the Area of Conservation Funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Task force to design TORs for the establishment of a Conservation Trust Fund. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feasibility study to consider different options for the establishment of the Fund and its relationsship with other existing bodies like FUNAB( Environment Fund) and FUTUR/INATUR (Tourism Institute) </li></ul></ul>09-06-09
  5. 5. 1. Background <ul><li>Conference Recommendations in the Area of Conservation Funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow up on the feasibility study by the Conservation Group (Composed by all stakeholders in this process, Government, Private Sector, Civil Society, Donors, etc). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation Group should seek experience of FUNBIO and REDLAC in this area. </li></ul></ul>09-06-09
  6. 6. 2. The Project <ul><li>This Project in funded by AfD, KfW and CI – GCF through WWF – USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Countrywide Trust Fund to cover the gap between actual income and total expenses. </li></ul><ul><li>All conservation areas in the country (forests, animals, marine, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Government Commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Some signals from WB and GEF/UNDP funds </li></ul>09-06-09
  7. 7. 2. The Project <ul><li>Familarizing with past work on conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings with main stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a number of legal, strategic and operational tools for the establishment of the fund </li></ul><ul><li>Training: Basic Training on Conservation Trust Funds, Business Planning for Protected Areas and Exchange visits. </li></ul>09-06-09
  8. 8. 3. The Mission/Vision <ul><li>By 2015, the good management of the conservation areas in Mozambique no longer depend on public funds or externally funded projects, but on a well structured and sustainable financing system. </li></ul>09-06-09
  9. 9. 4. The Fund – Operational Needs <ul><li>Funds needed to cover funds operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between $200,000 and $300,000 per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once established and up and running 30% of the total portfolio, but with experience can be brought down to 15%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seed funds of $5 million and at a conservative 5% return would result in in $250.000 annually. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund would live from these interest. </li></ul></ul>09-06-09
  10. 10. 5. The Fund – Conservation Areas Needs <ul><li>A pilot study was done to assess CA needs: income, expenses and the gap between these in conservation areas in Mozambique. </li></ul><ul><li>This shows that the annual needs are on average $200,000 per conservation area. </li></ul>09-06-09
  11. 11. 5. The Fund – Conservation Areas Needs <ul><li>Using an appropriate model we concluded that to manage conservation areas in Mozambique, excluding agency operational costs, we would need approx. $5 million per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, we would need seed funds of $100 million at 5% annual return. </li></ul><ul><li>This would result in $250,000 for annual management of the Conservation Areas. </li></ul>09-06-09
  12. 12. 5. The Fund – Conservation Areas Needs <ul><li>The annual $5 million needs result from a community based conservation area system. </li></ul><ul><li>A capital intensive model would require 5 times more, ie, $25 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus average needs lie at $15 million. </li></ul>09-06-09
  13. 13. 5. The Fund – Conservation Areas Needs <ul><li>Summary for Seed Funds Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum amount $100m results in $5m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum amount $500m results in $25m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average amount $300m results in $15m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These figures are based on a number of assumptions </li></ul></ul>09-06-09
  14. 14. 6. Status of the Project <ul><li>Drafts of profile and some operational instruments (Investment strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>Drafts of TOR for Consultants, Board of Directors, Executive Management, Advisory Committees). </li></ul><ul><li>Clear about all the steps and legal framework. </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to establish the Founders Committee(Criteria and TOR available). </li></ul>09-06-09
  15. 15. 7. Training Needs <ul><li>Stakeholder engagement and communications </li></ul><ul><li>Fundraising, fundraising strategy, including identifying sources of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Development of an investment policy </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic planning </li></ul>09-06-09
  16. 16. 7. Training Needs <ul><li>Operational procedures, including administration and grant-making </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and evaluation of institutional performance and biodiversity impact </li></ul><ul><li>Developing funding proposals </li></ul>09-06-09
  17. 17. End <ul><li>Thank you for your attenttion! </li></ul>09-06-09