Ministry of Environment & SD Ministry of Environment & SD
Outline Observed impacts of Climate Change Studies carried out on Climate Change Key Adaptation Projects Way forward
Some observed impacts of climate change Average temperature is rising at a rate of 0.150C per decade and has risen by 0.740C when compared to the 1961-90 mean Decreasing trend in annual rainfall of around 8% over Mauritius since the 1950s. Increase in the frequency of extreme weather events, heavy rains and storms Intensification of cyclones Sea level has been rising by around 3.5 mm/yr at Port Louis from tide gauge records at Trou Fanfaron over the last 5 years. Source: Mauritius Meteorological Services
Studies carried out on Climate Change Climate Change Action Plan (December 1998) Initial National Communication (April 1999) Technology Needs Assessment (2004) National Capacity Needs Assessment (2005) Education and public awareness by Ministry of Environment & other stakeholders Second National Communication completed (2011) Second TNA initiated (2011)
Maurice Ile DurableObjective to make Mauritius a world model of sustainable development, particularly in the context of Small Island Developing States. the Government has set a target of 35 % renewable energy by year 2025Process Six working groups comprising of relevant stakeholders have been constituted to work out the 5Es of MID, i.e. Energy, Environment, Education, Employment and Equity. Each WG constitute of 6 representatives from Local Authorities
Maurice Ile Durable The objective of the Working Groups is to identify the means and ways of achieving the “Shared MID Vision” and come up with concrete recommendations in each theme which will feed in the process of formulation of the MID Policy, Strategy and Action Plan.
Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) Funded by Government of Japan (GOJ) Mauritius is one of the 20 participating countries Mauritius has receive US$3 millionMain Objective To integrate and mainstream climate change adaptation into the institutional framework and into core development policy, strategies and plans for the Republic of Mauritius (Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega)Key Sectors involved: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment (including public infrastructures, health and land planning), Agriculture, Fisheries, Tourism, Water, Education &Finance 8
AAP (cont’d) Some 25 proposals have been developed under AAP in key sectors. For e.g. Development of an Inundation, Flooding and Landslide National Risk Profile, Strategy Framework and Action Plans for Disaster Risk Management Consultancy Services for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaption in the development process in Agriculture, Tourism & Fisheries Sector s in the Republic of Mauritius.
Projects Developed under AAP Drafting of Climate-Resilient Policy and Legislation and Capacity Building Feasibility on coastal protection works at Rivière des Galets Capacity building for Coastal protection works and processes Capacity building , review of policy, planning/design and demonstration on building in relation to Climate Change Funding research on CC- In process of signing Memorandum of Agreement with MRC
Achievements AAP Capacity building of official from various sectors on climate negotiation Awareness week on climate change organised by UoM (13-15 July 2011) Coral farming to rehabilitate coral reef initiated. Capacity Building to Develop and Review Climate- resilient Policies (August 2011)
2nd Technology Needs Assessment Aim To bridge the gap between the mere identification of appropriate technologies and the design of action plans that would enable Mauritius to implement technologies that reduce GHG emissions and support adaptation to climate change that are consistent with national development priorities.Status TNA Coordinator recruited Inception workshop tentatively scheduled for August 2011
Regional capacity building for sustainable National GHGInventory Management Systems MoESD has recently agreed to UNFCCC Secretariats proposal to participate in a “Regional capacity building for sustainable National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa”. A regional capacity building workshop on “was held from 7 to 9 March 2011 in collaboration with the UNFCCC Secretariat to kick-off the implementation of a wider 3-year time frame (2011 – 2013) project targeting at: Improving the quality of national greenhouse gas inventories, Enhancing the capacity of countries within Eastern and Southern Africa region to prepare their national inventories, Establishing a regional and international information exchange network, and a sustainable inventory system. This project focuses on greenhouse gas inventories in the agriculture and Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sectors, including livestock, food/crops, sugar cane and forestry management.
Second National Communication• Submitted to UNEP in April 2011• To meet reporting obligations under the UNFCCC.• Includes the National Inventory Report.• GHG computation: 2000 to 2006
The other migrants: Reducing Migration Pressure fromGradual Environmental Change - Environment andSustainable Development in the Republic of MauritiusProject cost: $ 200, 000Funding agency: International Organisation for Migration (IOM)Executing agency: IOM, MauritiusOverall Goal: To prevent forced migration and promote sustainablelivelihoods, in the light of environmental degradations and climate changeimpacts.Start: May 2010End: May 2011 (with submission of final reports)
Climate Change Adaptation Programme in the Coastal Zone of MauritiusProject cost: $ 9,119, 240Project funding agency: Adaptation Fund Board (AFB) under KP.(Mandated to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes, through grantfunding in developing countries that are parties to the KP)Overall Goal: Ensure that growth and development in ROM are sustainable,with potential climate change effects in the coastal zone fully addressed in allfuture planning.Key Objective : Increase climate resilience of communities and livelihoods incoastal areas in Mauritius (all islands).
Chronologie of events:•April 2010: First proposal made to AFB.•June 2010: Initial set of comments from AFB.•June 2010: International Consultant hired for formulation of fullproject.•October 2010: Submission of revised proposal to AFB.•December 2010: GOM was notified that approval deferred based ona set of comments/observations.•15 July 2011: Resubmission of revised proposal to AFB. 18
• Outcomes: • application of adaptation measures to protect currently vulnerable coastal ecosystem and community features (at three priority sites on the island of Mauritius). ($ 6,465,700) • development and implementation of an early warning system for incoming surge on ROM. ($ 133,705) • training to promote compliance with climate-proofed planning, design, and location guidelines. ($ 394,025) • policy mainstreaming., ($ 350,050) • knowledge dissemination and management. ($ 561,350) Other project components: • Project/Programme Execution cost. ($ 500,000) • Project Cycle Management Fee. ($ 714, 410) • Total: $ 9,119, 240 19
Climate Change Observatory (CCO)•Based on recommendations made during the mission by representatives ofONERC (France) last July 2010.Funding agency: Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD)Executing agency: Ministry of Environment & SDObjective: To identify parameters, devise sectoral indicators, collect andanalyse selected data for any climate change trend for eventual reporting andto enable informed decision making at the highest policy level.Status: TOR being finalised to enable the recruitment of consultants forcarrying out a feasibility study for the CCO.
Coastal Area Some 7000 m of coastal rehabilitation works have been carried out around the island Strengthening of ongoing mangrove propagation programme .Coastal management alternativesSetback policies increased setback from 15m to 30m of the high-water mark,Non-structural Intervention Beach management and nourishment
ICZM Framework, 2010 A study for the Development of an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Framework has been completed with the objectives of: Developing an ICZM Strategy for Mauritius; Reviewing and Preparing a National Policy and Comprehensive Legislative Framework; and Preparing ICZM Area Plans for Pressure Zones in Mauritius.
Agriculture A Food Security Fund has been set up to increase the resilience of Mauritius towards food self-sufficiency and to face subsequent global food and feed crunches by increasing production of foodstuff locally and at the regional level by partnering with neighbouring countries. This will help to curtail the adverse effects of climate change.
Climate Negotiation The Government of Mauritius is actively involve in Climate negotiation & is making its voice heard through negotiating blocs such as AOSIS, Africa Group & G77 & China.