Library Resources forMechanical Systems Engineering
I AM . . .Melanie ParletteLRC Program Liaison forSchool of Engineering and Information Technologymparlette@conestogac.on.ca
TODAY we will…• Locate the LRC website and identify the most relevant components of the site as emphasized during the session• List and explain the criteria one can use to evaluate resources to ensure they are of good quality.• Perform a search in the Library’s Discovery Service and narrow that search and create a list of results.
Off-Campus AccessPIN NUMBERS - You can use your PIN to:• Access resources from Off-Campus• Renew a book, place a hold• Review your account
LRC Homepage Research Help Engineering Mechanical EngineeringYOUR Research Guidehttp://bit.ly/MSE Key Tabs: •Articles from Databases •Books . . . •Cite Your Sources •Contact Us
Today’s ResearchTopic is….• Is there a relationship Facebook use and academic performance?
Finding A Source toAnswer Your Question• Where do we begin? • Google • Wikipedia • Other suggestions…
Types of Sources What’s the Difference?Scholarly Journals Popular Magazines Trade Journals Conference Papers Technical Reports• Scholarly research or • General interest • Industry related • Author is scholar in • Author is often a projects. articles, information, news and field, academic or scholar or a scientist,• Illustrations are entertainment, or trends. Some researcher engineer, government usually charts and information aimed at illustrations. • Conference papers contractor, or graphs. the consumer. • Authors are industry tend to be more technical personnel.• Authors are Usually colour experts, recent than journal • Published by a authorities in their photographs and professionals, or articles, but may be corporation or field. Often professors illustrations. practitioners who are considered less educational institution or researchers. • Articles are usually not always identified authoritative • Reputation is• Peer review process written by magazine • Typically no peer depending on the everything is in place where the staff, freelance review or refereeing review and • Typically not peer content of an article is writers, or may be process. acceptance process reviewed reviewed by one or anonymous. • Peer Review Process Example: more experts in the • No peer review or Examples: may or may not be Design and Fabrication field. refereeing process. ASME Mechanical rigorous of a Tank-Applied Engineering Broad Area CoolingExamples: Examples: Magazine Example: Shield CouponIEEE/ASME Wired, Popular Proceedings of ASME transactions on Mechanics Heat Transfer mechatronics Division
What is Peer• Review? When an author submits his or her research article to a scholarly journal, an editor will review it to see if it meets the criteria of that journal. If it does, the editor will send the article out for Peer Review. [Peer Review is the process where other experts in the field will thoroughly review and evaluate the article and the research that was done. They check for accuracy of the information presented, validity and repeatability of the research, quality and appropriateness for the journal.]• Based on the feedback from the experts (i.e. “peers”), the author’s submission will be accepted, rejected or accepted with revisions. It is uncommon to accept a paper with no revisions. In most cases an author will need to make some changes before final publication. Source: Simon Fraser University
Academic Publishing Process A researcher The researcher The editor reviews it carries out submits their and sends it out to research paper to a multiple experts for journal. peer review Sometimes the article might be Open Access is outright rejected revolutionizing this process. People engagePeople with thecomment findings of theon the article througharticle social mediathroughletters to The reviewersthe editor examine the article. Other researchers incorporate the findings in their This process may be research repeated until the article meets the standards of the reviewers. The publisher The researcher and experts makes some The paper edits. is review the published paper. in the journal
Choosing Better Sources • How can you tell trustworthy information (the “better” information) from less-trustworthy information (“worse” information)?The CARS Test • Credibility Look for believable, well written information that is free of bias. Locate information about the author(s) and their credentials. How credible are the authors, what is their level of expertise on this particular topic. • Accuracy The information should be up-to-date, clear. You can confirm accuracy by locating information from a variety of sources. Look for a last updated date. • Reasonableness Information should be present objective and balanced arguments. • Support Other sources should support the information found. Always look for a reference list, bibliography or citations demonstrating where the information came from.
SearchingTips:•Select “Full Text”•Narrow by Date•Determine appropriatesource type•Consider narrowing bysubject
What do I search for? AutomationAerodynamics Systems Design Accuracy and Mechanical Fluid Precision Engineering Mechanics Electronics Materials Heat Transfer
Searching A Database. . .* (the asterisk wildcard)As the name implies, * can be substituted for any number of letters. This is particularly useful to includeall words with a certain term and any suffix after it. Simply apply the asterisk to the end of a term and itwill return all documents containing that term, followed by anything. For example: biostatistic* will findbiostatistician or biostatistics or biostatistical
Searching A Database. . . Quotation Marks: " " Enclose specific phrases in quotation marks. This will direct the search engine to search the database for documents containing that exact phrase. A search for analytical chemist (without quotes) will return any document containing analytical and chemist with anything in between. If you place quotes around the phrase, searching for “facility management“ it will only documents with facility and management right beside each other.
WHAT IS GOOGLESCHOLAR?A search interface for locating citations to academicresearch—and accessing the full-text online (sometimes).This is the definition of any research database.Google Scholar is just one more in a host of research toolssimilar to those offered by the library (but using it is free toall).Reading articles found in it is not free (not always, anyway).
What can you searchusing googlescholar?books, abstracts and court opinions,“…articles, theses,from academic publishers, professional societies, onlinerepositories, universities and other web sites.”•Some resources are “open access,” i.e. free•Many have a cost-per-article•The LRC can help improve access to the costly articles(but more on that later) Google. (2011). About Google Scholar. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.ca/intl/en/scholar/about.html
What can’t you findusing googlescholar?• Google doesn’t search everything, and neither does Google Scholar• Only searches “scholarly” sources• So it does not search the following resources: • Newspapers • Trade Magazines • Professional Magazines • General Interest Magazines
Google ≠ Good• What exactly is included? We don’t know and Google won’t say. • Calls into question content providers, i.e. how does Google define “scholarly”?• Good for “casual” research, but not acceptable as a single source for coverage of the literature on a topic. • Coverage is unknown • Relevancy Ranking of search results is questionable • Narrowing/sorting search results is rudimentary • No controlled vocabulary • Citations may be inaccurate due to reliance of web crawling extraction (e.g. Author Name: P Login) Jacsó, P. Google Scholars ghost authors. Library Journal 134: 26-27.
Linking to LRCresources• Go to Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.ca)• Click “Scholar Preferences” in upper right hand of the search page.• On the Scholar Preferences page, in the “Library Links” section, enter for “Conestoga” in the search box and click “Find Library”.• Checkboxes appear below the search box.• Checkmark the Conestoga links.• Scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Save Preferences.” • Your searches will now show links to Conestoga LRC resources that contain articles from your search results.
Today We…• Located key sections of the LRC’s website• Practiced evaluating resources to ensure they were of good quality• Performed a basic search of LRC resources, narrowed our search and created a list of relevant results
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