VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION The Virginia Department of Education is a part of the executive branch of Virginia. How? What all do they do that af fects us?
VIRGINIA’S JUDICIAL Unit: State & Local Govts BRANCH
TAKE-HOME POINTDo you think the Virginia court system establishes justice? Explain your position.
TODAY’S AGENDA Do-Now Announcements + Review + Sorting Hat State Judicial Branch/ Virginia Court System Video Clip- “She’s a WITCH!” Notes Primary Sourcin’ It Quel Court?!- Worksheet-style- potentially hw Take-Home Point
VIDEO CLIP Has anyone ever seen Monty Python and the Holy Grail? As we watch the video clip, ask yourself “Is justice taking place here?”
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEMVirginia has its own I’m the Albemarle separate court County Courthouse. system whose I bet you could get organization and community service jurisdiction come hours if you visited from Virginia’s me! Lolz. constitution and state laws.The present judicial system in Virginia is made up of 4 levels of courts.
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEMThe most supreme of the Virginia courts is the Virginia Supreme Court. It has 6 justices, a chief justice, and no jury. It has appellate jurisdiction and limited original The Virginia Supreme Court is located in Richmond, the capital city of VA. jurisdiction.
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEM Underneath the Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia Supreme Court is the next level of courts, the Court of Appeals of Virginia. Here, there are judges and no juries. They have appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of Circuit Courts. Circuit Courts
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEM The next level of courts Think of it like this- if you are the Circuit Courts of wanted to buy a CD, first Virginia. you’d go to Target or Wal-Mart because it’s These courts have a cheaper there. Then you judge and could be with might go to Circuit City or or without a jury. Best Buy!! They have appellate jurisdiction from District Courts. They also have original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases.
CIRCUIT COURTS Examples of cases these courts would hear with original jurisdiction: Concurrent jurisdiction with general district courts for civil cases dealing with the amounts $4,500-$25,000. Civil cases dealing with $25,000 or more Divorce matters Wills Adoptions All felonies that could be punished with at least 1 year sentence
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEM The lowest level of courts in Virginia are the General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court. There’s a judge but no jury. They have original jurisdiction for misdemeanors and civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases.
GENERAL DISTRICT COURT & JUVENILE & DOMESTIC RELATIONS COURTExamples of cases that would go to these courts: Juvenile delinquencies and status offenses Juveniles accused of traffic violations Children in need of services or supervision Children subjected to abuse Disputes over custody of children
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEM All of these courts hear both civil and criminal cases. The procedure for criminal case: A person accused of a crime may be arrested if the police have probable cause. The accused may be committed to jail or released on bail. The case proceeds to an arraignment where probable cause is reviewed, an attorney may be appointed for the defendant, and a plea is entered. A court date is set, and a trial is conducted. A guilty verdict may be appealed.
VIRGINIA’S COURT SYSTEMThe procedure for a civil case is: The plaintiff files a complaint to recover damages or receive compensation. Cases can be heard by a judge or a jury. Cases can be appealed.