• A form of protection given to authors of original works grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law.• This property right can be sold or transferred to others.
• The Copyright Law of the U.S. governs the making of reproductions of copyrighted works. – Title 17 of the U.S. Code – The Copyright Act of 1976
• Copyright law assures ownership, which comes with exclusive rights: – Make copies of the work – Distribute copies of the work – Perform the work publicly – Display the work publicly – Make derivative works • (e.g. book or movie)
• Automatic protection• Available for: – Published works – Unpublished works
• Literary works• Dramatic works• Musical works• Artistic works
• Not everything is protected by copyright law. – U.S. Government materials – Facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation.
• Copyright protects original works of authorship, while a patent protects inventions or discoveries.• A trademark protects words, phrases, symbols, or designs identifying the source of the goods or services of one party and distinguishing them from others.
• The law provides certain ways in which copyright works may be used. – Fair use – Public domain – Library privilege – Copying for examinations and copying for instruction – Alternative Licenses (e.g. Creative Commons)
• The works are publicly accessible.• Not everything posted on the internet is public domain.
• “Universal Access” to research, education and culture.• Copyright was created long before the emergence of the Internet, and can make it hard to legally perform actions we take for granted on the network: copy, paste, edit source, and post to the Web.• Provides a free, public, and standardized infrastructure that creates a balance between the reality of the Internet and the reality of copyright laws. http://creativecommons.org/about
• Under the TEACH Act, the Copyright law provides educators with a separate set of rights in addition to fair use, to display and perform others´ works in the classroom. – Section 110(1) and (2) of the Copyright Act